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Od 2015 r. państwa członkowskie muszą przyjmować większość orzeczeń w sprawach cywilnych z innych krajów UE bez dokonywania przeglądu ich zawartości (zniesienie procedury exequatur). Pojawiły się w związku z tym obawy dotyczące konieczności zadbania o to, by postępowanie cywilne w poszczególnych państwach UE było zgodne ze wspólnymi minimalnymi normami. W lipcu Parlament Europejski ma głosować nad sprawozdaniem, w którym wzywa się Komisję do przedłożenia wniosku dotyczącego dyrektywy w sprawie tego ...

Judicial cooperation in criminal matters

Noty tematyczne o UE 01-04-2017

Judicial cooperation in criminal matters is based on the principle of mutual recognition of judgments and judicial decisions, and includes measures to approximate the laws of the Member States in several areas. The Treaty of Lisbon has provided a stronger basis for the development of a criminal justice area, while also stipulating new powers for the European Parliament.

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee, analyses the proposal for a Regulation establishing the EPPO. The evolution of the text is analysed through a comparison between the initial Commission proposal and the current version of the text (dated of 28 October 2016). The paper assesses whether the EPPO, as it is currently envisaged, would fit the objectives assigned to it, whether it ...

W 2013 r. Komisja przedstawiła wniosek dotyczący dyrektywy chroniącej prawa dzieci w postępowaniu karnym, wpisujący się w przyjęty w 2009 r. harmonogram działań mających na celu umocnienie praw procesowych osób podejrzanych lub oskarżonych w postępowaniu karnym oraz przyjętą w 2011 r. agendę UE na rzecz praw dziecka.

The Bundesverfassungsgericht (BVerfG) has now published its December 2015 ruling in favour of a claimant who had lodged a constitutional complaint against the decision to allow his surrender to Italy on the basis of a European arrest warrant issued by the Italian authorities. In its ruling, the German Constitutional Court appears to be departing from its previous 'Solange' case law on the examination of EU acts against fundamental rights enshrined in the Basic Law (Grundgesetz).

Mimo że domniemanie niewinności jest gwarantowane przez prawo międzynarodowe, Unii i krajowe, odnotowano powtarzające się przypadki naruszania tej zasady przez państwa członkowskie. Komisja stara się rozwiązać ten problem, składając wniosek, który ma zostać poddany pod głosowanie na posiedzeniu plenarnym w styczniu 2016 r.

The free movement of judgments in the European Area of Justice presupposes a high level of mutual trust between the judiciaries of the Member States. From the citizens' perspective, the key issue is the balancing of the fundamental rights of claimants and defendants, i.e. the right of access to justice (to pursue a claim) and the rights of the defence. Mutual trust in judiciaries can be built in various ways. First of all, through the creation of uniform European procedures in the form of optional ...

EU Administrative Law

W skrócie 29-04-2015

Over the last decades, the European Union has developed a series of ad hoc administrative procedures for the direct implementation of its rules in a number of areas - such as competition policy, trade policy, sate aids, access to EU documents, the EU civil service - , which resulted in a fragmented body of rules, whether in the form of law or soft law. The need to depart from this sector-specific approach to ensure consistent EU administrative procedures has therefore started to be debated in the ...

Directive 2008/115/EC on common standards and procedures for returning illegally staying third-country nationals is part of the European Union's Global Approach to Migration and Mobility (GAMM). It sets out to protect returnees by establishing Schengen-wide standards and procedures for their return, based on EU and international fundamental rights and refugee-protection obligations. At the same time, it recognises the Member States' right to remove illegal stayers and safeguard their public policy ...

At the request of the LIBE committee, this study provides a comparative analysis of the national legal regimes and practices governing the use of intelligence information as evidence in the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Spain, Italy, the Netherlands and Sweden. It explores notably how national security can be invoked to determine the classification of information and evidence as 'state secrets' in court proceedings and whether such laws and practices are fundamental rights- and rule of law-compliant ...