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The level playing-field (LPF) provisions of the Trade and Cooperation Agreement (TCA) between the European Union (EU) and the United Kingdom (UK) constitute a key part of the agreement, and are the product of some of the more challenging issues in the negotiations. The LPF provisions seek to safeguard fair competition between the parties. A notable component are the rules on social provisions, labour, environment and climate change, often referred to as the 'trade and sustainable development' (TSD ...

This paper has been produced by the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) to assist the ITRE committee in its work on the implementation report on the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) as part of the Fit for 55 package. It aims to provide a succinct overview of publicly available material on the implementation, application and effectiveness to date of the EPBD, drawing input from EU institutions and bodies and from external organisations. It takes a thematic approach with ...

The marketing standards for fishery and aquaculture products are covered by the Common Market Organisation (CMO) Regulation (regulation 1379/2013), one of the pillars of EU’s Common Fisheries Policy (CFP). The marketing standards for FAPs have remained unchanged for more than 20 years and in 2018 they were submitted to an evaluation process by the European Commission. The expected outcome is the release of a new legislative proposal by the first half of 2021, in line with the European Commission's ...

Promoting product longevity

Badanie 16-03-2020

Product longevity can play a useful role in achieving the Paris Agreement goals – material efficiency is an important contributor to energy efficiency and is also important in its own right. The product safety and compliance instruments available at European level can contribute to these efforts, if wisely applied.

As part of the third 'Europe on the move' package of measures, on 27 May 2018, the European Commission presented a proposal for a regulation on type-approval requirements for motor vehicles and their trailers, as regards their general safety and the protection of vehicle occupants and vulnerable road users. The regulation is part of the EU's efforts to halve the number of fatal and serious injuries in road crashes between 2020 and 2030. It will introduce a number of advanced vehicle safety features ...

EU fertilising products

Briefing 26-06-2019

Fertilising products are used to improve plant growth, mainly in agriculture, enabling higher crop yields. However, they are associated with some challenges as regards security of supply, the environment and health. Although the 2003 Fertilisers Regulation, which aimed at ensuring an internal market in fertilisers, has been effective, it mainly addresses mineral fertilisers and deters the introduction of new types of fertilisers. In March 2016, the Commission put forward a legislative proposal on ...

The European Commission recently issued a legislative proposal to increase the general safety of vehicles. This briefing provides an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the impact assessment accompanying this proposal. The IA provides a thorough problem definition and presents measures to tackle it. However, the link between problem definition and the options could have been more straightforward and the analysis, including numerous simulations and quantifications based on four different ...

Sustainable development is an important part of the EU trade policy since it gets on meeting the needs of the present whilst ensuring future generations can meet their own needs. All EU FTAs include a Trade and Sustainable Development (TSD) chapter, which seeks to ensure that partners follow international requirements in the three pillars that compose sustainable development: economic, environmental and social. The adoption of the UN Agenda 2030 in 2015, which sets 17 Sustainable Development Goals ...

Wywóz towarów po cenach dumpingowych i towarów subsydiowanych z krajów trzecich to nieuczciwe praktyki handlowe, mogące wyrządzić szkodę krajowi importującemu. Przepisy Światowej Organizacji Handlu (WTO) pozwalają na przeciwdziałanie takiej szkodzie poprzez wprowadzenie specyficznych ceł określanych mianem środków ochrony handlu. Z myślą o umożliwieniu UE zastosowania takich środków ochrony w obecnych warunkach prowadzenia handlu międzynarodowego, charakteryzujących się w szczególności nadwyżką mocy ...

Ochrona wód i gospodarka wodna

Noty tematyczne o UE 01-11-2017

Woda jest niezbędna do życia ludzi, zwierząt i roślin; stanowi także bogactwo naturalne konieczne dla gospodarki. Ochrona wody i gospodarka wodna wykraczają poza granice poszczególnych państw. Prawodawstwo UE w dziedzinie wody uległo zmianie po przyjęciu w 2000 r. ramowej dyrektywy wodnej, która wprowadziła holistyczne podejście do gospodarowania wodami powierzchniowymi i wodami podziemnymi oparte na dorzeczach, a także do ochrony tych wód. Ramową dyrektywę wodną uzupełniają porozumienia międzynarodowe ...