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European Regional Development Fund and Cohesion Fund 2021-2027

30-01-2020

In the context of the upcoming Multiannual Financial Framework for 2021-2027, the European Commission published a proposal for a regulation on the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the Cohesion Fund (CF) on 29 May 2018. The new single regulation on the ERDF and CF (previously covered by two separate regulations) identifies the specific objectives and scope of support for both funds, including non-eligible activities. The majority of ERDF funding (65 % to 85 %) will focus on smart growth ...

In the context of the upcoming Multiannual Financial Framework for 2021-2027, the European Commission published a proposal for a regulation on the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the Cohesion Fund (CF) on 29 May 2018. The new single regulation on the ERDF and CF (previously covered by two separate regulations) identifies the specific objectives and scope of support for both funds, including non-eligible activities. The majority of ERDF funding (65 % to 85 %) will focus on smart growth and the green economy, while the fund will also support other activities such as connectivity, social issues and local development. The CF will continue to focus predominantly on environmental and transport infrastructure. Special provisions have been proposed for territories such as urban areas and outermost regions. The indicator framework for monitoring progress will include new common results indicators. In the European Parliament, the file was allocated to the Committee on Regional Development, and on 27 March 2019 the Parliament adopted a legislative resolution in plenary constituting its first-reading position. The proposal is currently at trilogue stage with a view to an early second-reading agreement. Third edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Research for REGI Committee - Externalities of Cohesion Policy

15-10-2018

The study investigates the effects of Cohesion Policy (CP) which occur in a country other than the one in which CP resources were actually spent. The study estimates that macroeconomic spillovers significantly contribute to the impact of CP. Spillovers directed to EU countries represent around 9% of the total annual CP expenditure. Other spillovers to Non-EU countries are around 8% of the CP expenditure. Macro and micro spillovers together arrive at the 21% of the annual CP expenditure 67% of which ...

The study investigates the effects of Cohesion Policy (CP) which occur in a country other than the one in which CP resources were actually spent. The study estimates that macroeconomic spillovers significantly contribute to the impact of CP. Spillovers directed to EU countries represent around 9% of the total annual CP expenditure. Other spillovers to Non-EU countries are around 8% of the CP expenditure. Macro and micro spillovers together arrive at the 21% of the annual CP expenditure 67% of which is distributed among EU countries. Around 20% of the CP expenditure can trigger sectoral spillover effects in the environment, transport and higher education sectors. The analysis demonstrates that externalities reinforce EU growth and competitiveness without CP deserting its convergence objective.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Andrea Naldini, Alessandro Daraio, Gessica Vella and Enrico Wolleb, Roman Römisch

European Regional Development Fund, Cohesion Fund, a cross-border mechanism and Interreg

14-09-2018

The European Commission recently issued the legislative proposals for the spending programmes of the MFF 2021-2027, including the legislative package on cohesion policy. Three of these proposals (on the ERDF and the Cohesion fund, on a new mechanism for cross-border cooperation and on Interreg) are covered by one IA. It provides a good description of policy challenges and ‘lessons learned’ from previous programmes. Potential effects of proposed measures are, however, discussed rather generally, neglecting ...

The European Commission recently issued the legislative proposals for the spending programmes of the MFF 2021-2027, including the legislative package on cohesion policy. Three of these proposals (on the ERDF and the Cohesion fund, on a new mechanism for cross-border cooperation and on Interreg) are covered by one IA. It provides a good description of policy challenges and ‘lessons learned’ from previous programmes. Potential effects of proposed measures are, however, discussed rather generally, neglecting in particular social, environmental and other specific or indirect impacts. Additional explanations regarding the assumptions (and uncertainties) underlying the analysis would have increased the completeness, precision and accountability of the IA.

Research for REGI Committee - State aid and Cohesion Policy

05-03-2018

European Union funding co-managed by Member State authorities is considered to be a state resource that may only be granted in conformity with the rules on state aid. Compliance with both state aid and Structural Funds’ rules appears to be problematic, hence this study identifies the relevant issues in the interface between these two sets of rules and makes proposals to facilitate compliance.

European Union funding co-managed by Member State authorities is considered to be a state resource that may only be granted in conformity with the rules on state aid. Compliance with both state aid and Structural Funds’ rules appears to be problematic, hence this study identifies the relevant issues in the interface between these two sets of rules and makes proposals to facilitate compliance.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Professor Phedon Nicolaides PN Advisory Services Eijsderbosch 15 6228 SE Maastricht The Netherlands

Instrumenty finansowe i dotacje dla regionów UE

10-05-2017

Obok tradycyjnych dotacji w finansowaniu regionów UE w coraz większym stopniu wykorzystywane są instrumenty finansowe. Takie instrumenty można uznać za zasobooszczędny sposób wykorzystywania funduszy publicznych w dobie ograniczeń budżetowych. Zasadnicze znaczenie ma jednak osiągnięcie właściwej synergii i zbadanie, jaka kombinacja najlepiej spełnia cele polityki spójności. Właściwa kombinacja sposobów finansowania jest istotną kwestią do dyskusji w kontekście przyszłej polityki spójności UE po 2020 ...

Obok tradycyjnych dotacji w finansowaniu regionów UE w coraz większym stopniu wykorzystywane są instrumenty finansowe. Takie instrumenty można uznać za zasobooszczędny sposób wykorzystywania funduszy publicznych w dobie ograniczeń budżetowych. Zasadnicze znaczenie ma jednak osiągnięcie właściwej synergii i zbadanie, jaka kombinacja najlepiej spełnia cele polityki spójności. Właściwa kombinacja sposobów finansowania jest istotną kwestią do dyskusji w kontekście przyszłej polityki spójności UE po 2020 r.

Research for REGI Committee - Greece: Regional Policy and Economic and Social Situation

15-09-2016

This in-depth analysis was prepared on the request of the Committee on Regional Development in the context of its visit to Greece. The analysis provides an overview of Greece’s regions (with a special attention to Attica and Central Macedonia) and of its political, economic and administrative system. In addition, this analyses focuses on the implementation of cohesion policy on the ground with a particular attention to the consequences of the recent amendment of the Common Provisions Regulation in ...

This in-depth analysis was prepared on the request of the Committee on Regional Development in the context of its visit to Greece. The analysis provides an overview of Greece’s regions (with a special attention to Attica and Central Macedonia) and of its political, economic and administrative system. In addition, this analyses focuses on the implementation of cohesion policy on the ground with a particular attention to the consequences of the recent amendment of the Common Provisions Regulation in respect of special measures for Greece, as well as to Greece’s participation in six European Territorial Cooperation programmes.

Islands of the EU: Taking account of their specific needs in EU policy

29-01-2016

Many EU Member States have islands and insular territories (e.g. archipelagos). Among these islands are several world famous tourist destinations, while they are home to considerable natural and cultural wealth. Certain islands also produce renowned agricultural products and handcrafts. However, islands also face considerable challenges. They may lack adequate transport links with the nearest mainland. Their ecosystems are vulnerable and natural resources are often scarce. Some are small and/or mountainous ...

Many EU Member States have islands and insular territories (e.g. archipelagos). Among these islands are several world famous tourist destinations, while they are home to considerable natural and cultural wealth. Certain islands also produce renowned agricultural products and handcrafts. However, islands also face considerable challenges. They may lack adequate transport links with the nearest mainland. Their ecosystems are vulnerable and natural resources are often scarce. Some are small and/or mountainous. Many are located on the periphery of a Member State, or constitute border regions, placing considerable limitations on their potential for economic growth. Islands are usually too small to allow economies of scale. They may lack human capital and possess limited public resources in health, education, research and innovation. More recently, the EU's southern islands have seen a large influx of migrants, whilst lacking the resources needed for their accommodation or integration. In most cases, islands are not self-sufficient in agricultural and industrial products or tertiary-sector services. They are usually reliant on imported fossil fuels and dependent on mainland energy networks. As the majority of products and services have to be transported to islands, prices are considerably higher, adding to the cost of living in insular territories. However, although the state of insularity creates a large number of problems, various studies suggest that islands can become 'lands of opportunities' by investing in their relative strengths. Article 174 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) recognises the special nature of island territories. However, very few concrete EU measures have aimed to support islands to date. Several insular regions and municipalities call for the development of an 'insular dimension' in EU policies, and for EU regional policy to take insularity factors, that affect them disproportionately, into account. They also claim that due to the European Commission's established method of regional funding –based on GDP – certain islands and insular territories are severely penalised.

Research for REGI Committee - Tools to support the territorial and urban dimension in cohesion policy: Integrated Territorial Investment (ITI) and Community-Led Local Development (CLLD)

30-10-2015

For the 2014-2020 programming period the regulations encourage the usage of integrated and place-based oriented approaches to foster economic, social and territorial cohesion , at the same time putting a greater weight on urban development actions in order to attain the Europe 2020 Strategy goals. These territorial approaches can be implemented by using tools such as the Integrated Territorial Investment (ITI) and the Community-Led Local Development (CLLD). The Partnership Agreements, between the ...

For the 2014-2020 programming period the regulations encourage the usage of integrated and place-based oriented approaches to foster economic, social and territorial cohesion , at the same time putting a greater weight on urban development actions in order to attain the Europe 2020 Strategy goals. These territorial approaches can be implemented by using tools such as the Integrated Territorial Investment (ITI) and the Community-Led Local Development (CLLD). The Partnership Agreements, between the Member States and the European Commission, should indicate how ITI and CLLD will be used by Member States and the types of areas and challenges that these mechanisms will address.

Rolnictwo na Azorach

15-10-2015

Niniejszy dokument tematyczne zostało przygotowane dla delegacji Komisji Rolnictwa i Rozwoju Wsi Parlamentu Europejskiego udającej się w listopadzie 2015 r. na Azory (Portugalia). Studium to składa się z: wprowadzenia, w którym przedstawiono podstawowe dane demograficzne i polityczne; ogólnego zarysu gospodarki regionalnej Azorów; specjalnego rozdziału poświęconego rolnictwu; i wreszcie omówienia bieżących programów rozwoju obszarów wiejskich i rolnictwa w regionach najbardziej oddalonych, do ...

Niniejszy dokument tematyczne zostało przygotowane dla delegacji Komisji Rolnictwa i Rozwoju Wsi Parlamentu Europejskiego udającej się w listopadzie 2015 r. na Azory (Portugalia). Studium to składa się z: wprowadzenia, w którym przedstawiono podstawowe dane demograficzne i polityczne; ogólnego zarysu gospodarki regionalnej Azorów; specjalnego rozdziału poświęconego rolnictwu; i wreszcie omówienia bieżących programów rozwoju obszarów wiejskich i rolnictwa w regionach najbardziej oddalonych, do których zalicza się Azory.

Review of regime for agriculture in the outermost regions (POSEI): Implementation Appraisal

21-01-2015

This Implementation Appraisal focuses on Regulation 228/2013 on laying down specific measures for agriculture in the outermost regions of the Union and repealing Regulation 247/2006, which is the basic act for the POSEI regime. POSEI - the French acronym for Programmes dʼOptions Spécifiques à lʼEloignement et à lʼInsularité - is a scheme that supports the incomes of farmers and the supply of essential products to the outermost regions of the European Union. The scheme ...

This Implementation Appraisal focuses on Regulation 228/2013 on laying down specific measures for agriculture in the outermost regions of the Union and repealing Regulation 247/2006, which is the basic act for the POSEI regime. POSEI - the French acronym for Programmes dʼOptions Spécifiques à lʼEloignement et à lʼInsularité - is a scheme that supports the incomes of farmers and the supply of essential products to the outermost regions of the European Union. The scheme compensates farmers for extra costs of production and marketing due to the small size of these territories, their topography and climate, and more difficult access to European markets. The European Parliament, as well as the EESC and CoR have repeatedly called for more involvement of the outermost regions in Structural and Cohesion Funds. Both the Parliament and the European Court of Auditors have called on Commission to monitor more regularly the effectiveness of the specific measures.

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