5

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Obszar polityki
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International procurement instrument

30-11-2017

Over the years, the EU has opened up its public procurement markets to third countries to a large degree, yet many of these countries have not granted the EU a similar privilege. This situation has been difficult to address through multilateral or bilateral trade negotiations alone. With this in mind, the European Commission proposed the creation of an international procurement instrument in 2012. The aim of this instrument is twofold: to improve the conditions under which EU businesses can compete ...

Over the years, the EU has opened up its public procurement markets to third countries to a large degree, yet many of these countries have not granted the EU a similar privilege. This situation has been difficult to address through multilateral or bilateral trade negotiations alone. With this in mind, the European Commission proposed the creation of an international procurement instrument in 2012. The aim of this instrument is twofold: to improve the conditions under which EU businesses can compete for public contracts in third countries and to give the EU more leverage when negotiating its access to foreign public procurement markets. To overcome a legislative deadlock on the 2012 proposal, in 2016 the Commission submitted an amended version that would enable it to open investigations into alleged discrimination against EU parties in foreign public procurement markets. If such practices were to be confirmed, the Commission would enter into consultations with the third country concerned to obtain reciprocal concessions on its procurement market. As a last resort, the Commission would be able to impose a price penalty on tenders originating in the third country concerned, giving EU and non-targeted countries' tenders a competitive advantage on EU procurement markets.

The EU Seed and Plant Reproductive Material Market in Perspective: A Focus on Companies and Market Shares

15-11-2013

This short note will focus first on the EU seed and Plant Reproductive Material (PRM) market, insisting on the size of seed companies, as well as on its segmentation, which has to be taken into account in market shares analysis. Market shares will be assessed in different seed segments. In a second section, the EU sector will be placed in a global perspective, which will highlight some of the European specificities, such as the non-GM nature of its seed market.

This short note will focus first on the EU seed and Plant Reproductive Material (PRM) market, insisting on the size of seed companies, as well as on its segmentation, which has to be taken into account in market shares analysis. Market shares will be assessed in different seed segments. In a second section, the EU sector will be placed in a global perspective, which will highlight some of the European specificities, such as the non-GM nature of its seed market.

The Shale Gas 'Revolution' in the United States: Global Implications, Options for the EU

13-05-2013

In recent years, the United States’ natural gas industry has undergone a significant transformation, dubbed a 'revolution': extraction rates have soared thanks to new technologies. The shale gas boom is having an unprecedented affect on the US energy market, and this, in turn, has important implications for the rest of the world, notably the Middle East and Russia. While the shale gas 'revolution' has spurred a debate on environmental consequences and sustainability within the US, other countries ...

In recent years, the United States’ natural gas industry has undergone a significant transformation, dubbed a 'revolution': extraction rates have soared thanks to new technologies. The shale gas boom is having an unprecedented affect on the US energy market, and this, in turn, has important implications for the rest of the world, notably the Middle East and Russia. While the shale gas 'revolution' has spurred a debate on environmental consequences and sustainability within the US, other countries — including countries as diverse as Canada and China — have, in different ways, aimed to replicate the US boom. In the EU, a shale gas 'revolution' appears relatively unlikely, at least for the moment, given Europe’s less favourable geological conditions and its wary public. Nevertheless, some EU Member States rich in shale gas, such as Poland and the United Kingdom, are actively promoting shale gas exploration activities to diversify their energy mix, reduce energy dependency and enhance energy security. Other countries, such as France and Bulgaria, have for the moment chosen to privilege environmental constraints and have implemented bans. The remaining Member States seem to have adopted a 'wait-and-see' attitude. For all these states, however, the EU has an important role to play in ensuring a balanced common approach and encouraging the sustainable development of this industry while ensuring an adequate environmental protection. A recent Commission green paper on shale gas is a good initial step, although this should be followed with concrete action.

External Representation of the Euro Area

15-05-2012

This study outlines concrete options for improving the external representation of the euro area in international institutions such as the IMF, the World Bank and the G-20. The study proposes a two-stage process, the first of which requires the creation of a permanent subcommittee of the Eurogroup Working Group (EWG) to elaborate common positions at international level. A second step, taken in the longer term, would consist of creating a single-member position in the IMF and World Bank by merging ...

This study outlines concrete options for improving the external representation of the euro area in international institutions such as the IMF, the World Bank and the G-20. The study proposes a two-stage process, the first of which requires the creation of a permanent subcommittee of the Eurogroup Working Group (EWG) to elaborate common positions at international level. A second step, taken in the longer term, would consist of creating a single-member position in the IMF and World Bank by merging national quotas via the European Stability Mechanism (ESM). For the G-20, a single membership of the euro area could create inconsistencies with the European Union membership. However, a euro area membership could be envisaged if a more economically and financially integrated euro area were to develop.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Alessandro GIOVANNINI, CEPS; Daniel GROS, CEPS; Paul IVAN, CEPS; Piotr Maciej KACZYŃSKI, CEPS; Diego VALIANTE, CEPS

Reform of the Common Organisation of the Market in Wine (Study + Annex)

03-09-2007

This study is a contribution to the parliamentary debate in response to the proposal for reform of the common organisation of the market in wine initiated by the Commission. It provides a brief summary of the situation in the wine market in recent years in the 25 Member States of the European Union, assesses the shortcomings of the current CMO mechanisms, analyses the Commission's proposals and puts forward specific proposals for reform of the CMO.

This study is a contribution to the parliamentary debate in response to the proposal for reform of the common organisation of the market in wine initiated by the Commission. It provides a brief summary of the situation in the wine market in recent years in the 25 Member States of the European Union, assesses the shortcomings of the current CMO mechanisms, analyses the Commission's proposals and puts forward specific proposals for reform of the CMO.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Stratégies d’Acteurs (MOISA) Study coordinated and written by Etienne Montaigne and Alfredo Coelho

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