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General revision of the European Parliament's Rules of Procedure: Achieving greater transparency and efficiency as of January 2017

16-07-2018

The last general and extensive overhaul of the European Parliament’s Rules of Procedure, which entered into force as of 16 January 2017, was intended to bring more transparency and efficiency to parliamentary work. Among the numerous modifications, may be noted the increased attention to the conduct of Members, the streamlining of the types of thresholds for procedural requests, the increased transparency surrounding the decision to begin negotiations during the various stages of the legislative ...

The last general and extensive overhaul of the European Parliament’s Rules of Procedure, which entered into force as of 16 January 2017, was intended to bring more transparency and efficiency to parliamentary work. Among the numerous modifications, may be noted the increased attention to the conduct of Members, the streamlining of the types of thresholds for procedural requests, the increased transparency surrounding the decision to begin negotiations during the various stages of the legislative procedure, the abolition of written declarations and the modification of the maximum number of questions for written answer allowed. These and further modifications required to adapt to the 2016 Interinstititional Agreement on Better Law-making were introduced to bring clarity, incorporate existing practices and correct redundancies or inconsistencies.

Mexico 2018: Elections that will make history

21-06-2018

Mexico's 1 July 2018 elections will be the biggest in its history, as people go to the polls to vote for the country's president and legislature, but also for most of its governors and local councillors. There is a record number of registered voters (89 million), 45 % of whom are below the age of 35 and 12 million are newly entitled to vote. For the first time in decades, a candidate of the left has real chances of becoming president. For the first time in the country's political history, some candidates ...

Mexico's 1 July 2018 elections will be the biggest in its history, as people go to the polls to vote for the country's president and legislature, but also for most of its governors and local councillors. There is a record number of registered voters (89 million), 45 % of whom are below the age of 35 and 12 million are newly entitled to vote. For the first time in decades, a candidate of the left has real chances of becoming president. For the first time in the country's political history, some candidates are able to stand for consecutive re-election, and independent candidates are running for president or member of the Senate. On a more negative note, the 2018 Mexican election process has been one of the most violent so far, with over a hundred politicians and candidates murdered since it started in September 2017, and hundreds others exposed to aggression. Nine political parties grouped in three different coalitions, as well as some independent candidates, will participate in the elections. There are four presidential candidates. Of these, left-wing candidate Andrés Manuel López Obrador leads the polls with nearly 50 % of the voting intention, followed by right-wing candidate Roberto Anaya with over 25 %, centre candidate Juan Antonio Meade with just around 20 %, and independent candidate Jaime Rodríguez with slightly over 2 %. The high number of young and new voters, the climate of political violence and US President Donald Trump's Mexican policy – or the 'Trump effect' – are among the main factors likely to influence the results. Mexico is a strategic partner of the EU and the parties hold high-level dialogues with each other. The Global Agreement between the two parties is being modernised, with a new trade agreement in principle having been reached in April 2018. This process has been supported by the European Parliament, which has also shown concern for the violence affecting the country.

Research for REGI Committee - The economic, social and territorial situation of Slovenia

15-03-2018

This briefing was prepared to provide information for the visit to Slovenia on 3 - 5 April 2018 by a delegation of the European Parliament’s Committee on Regional Development.

This briefing was prepared to provide information for the visit to Slovenia on 3 - 5 April 2018 by a delegation of the European Parliament’s Committee on Regional Development.

Japan: Shinzō Abe wins a new mandate

25-10-2017

Shinzō Abe won the snap elections he called for the lower house on 22 October 2017. Despite her popularity, Tokyo's governor Yuriko Koike failed to convince the electorate to oust a prime minister in charge since December 2012. The newly created Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan became the main opposition force in the House of Representatives. In coalition with Kōmeitō, Abe's Liberal Democratic Party holds a two-thirds majority enabling it to pass constitutional amendments.

Shinzō Abe won the snap elections he called for the lower house on 22 October 2017. Despite her popularity, Tokyo's governor Yuriko Koike failed to convince the electorate to oust a prime minister in charge since December 2012. The newly created Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan became the main opposition force in the House of Representatives. In coalition with Kōmeitō, Abe's Liberal Democratic Party holds a two-thirds majority enabling it to pass constitutional amendments.

Argentina ahead of the 2017 mid-term elections

10-10-2017

Since his election in 2015, Argentina's centre-right President, Mauricio Macri, has pursued sweeping domestic and foreign policy reforms, although his 'Let's Change' (Cambiemos) coalition of centre-right and centre-left parties holds only a minority of seats in the bicameral Congress. His presidency has marked a major shift from left-wing populism under his predecessors, Néstor Kirchner (2003-2007) and Cristina Fernández de Kirchner (2007-2015), to economic neoliberalism. The mid-term vote on 22 ...

Since his election in 2015, Argentina's centre-right President, Mauricio Macri, has pursued sweeping domestic and foreign policy reforms, although his 'Let's Change' (Cambiemos) coalition of centre-right and centre-left parties holds only a minority of seats in the bicameral Congress. His presidency has marked a major shift from left-wing populism under his predecessors, Néstor Kirchner (2003-2007) and Cristina Fernández de Kirchner (2007-2015), to economic neoliberalism. The mid-term vote on 22 October 2017, to renew one third of the Senate and half of the Chamber of Deputies, will reveal whether President Macri has a strong mandate to press ahead with his pro-business policies.

Kyrgyzstan's 2017 presidential election

09-10-2017

On 15 October 2017, Kyrgyz voters go to the polls. Despite worrying signs of backsliding into authoritarianism, the country is still the most democratic in Central Asia and the result is far from a foregone conclusion. The two main candidates are Sooronbai Jeenbekov, an ally of incumbent president Almazbek Atambayev, and his younger rival, Omurbek Babanov.

On 15 October 2017, Kyrgyz voters go to the polls. Despite worrying signs of backsliding into authoritarianism, the country is still the most democratic in Central Asia and the result is far from a foregone conclusion. The two main candidates are Sooronbai Jeenbekov, an ally of incumbent president Almazbek Atambayev, and his younger rival, Omurbek Babanov.

Morocco's new political landscape

11-04-2017

On 7 October 2016, Morocco went to the polls for national parliamentary elections. This was the second time that Morocco had held national elections since being touched by the Arab Spring in February 2011. Since the 2011 public protests, a number of constitutional reforms, introduced by King Mohammed VI, have made significant changes to electoral and administrative law. Morocco's Islamic Justice and Development Party (PJD) re-emerged as the winner, with the Authenticity and Modernity Party (PAM) ...

On 7 October 2016, Morocco went to the polls for national parliamentary elections. This was the second time that Morocco had held national elections since being touched by the Arab Spring in February 2011. Since the 2011 public protests, a number of constitutional reforms, introduced by King Mohammed VI, have made significant changes to electoral and administrative law. Morocco's Islamic Justice and Development Party (PJD) re-emerged as the winner, with the Authenticity and Modernity Party (PAM) in second position. Since 25 March 2017, Morocco has a new coalition government.

Parlament Europejski: Fakty i liczby

10-03-2017

Celem niniejszego briefingu opublikowanego przez Biuro Analiz Parlamentu Europejskiego jest przedstawienie najważniejszych faktów i danych liczbowych dotyczących Parlamentu Europejskiego zarówno obecnie – w bieżącej kadencji obejmującej lata 2014–2019 – jak i w poprzednich siedmiu kadencjach, jakie upłynęły od czasu wprowadzenia w czerwcu 1979 r. wyborów bezpośrednich. Na następnych stronach znajdą Państwo różnorakie wykresy, które: • przedstawiają szczegółowo skład Parlamentu Europejskiego obecnie ...

Celem niniejszego briefingu opublikowanego przez Biuro Analiz Parlamentu Europejskiego jest przedstawienie najważniejszych faktów i danych liczbowych dotyczących Parlamentu Europejskiego zarówno obecnie – w bieżącej kadencji obejmującej lata 2014–2019 – jak i w poprzednich siedmiu kadencjach, jakie upłynęły od czasu wprowadzenia w czerwcu 1979 r. wyborów bezpośrednich. Na następnych stronach znajdą Państwo różnorakie wykresy, które: • przedstawiają szczegółowo skład Parlamentu Europejskiego obecnie i w przeszłości; • ukazują, jak wzrastała liczba partii reprezentowanych w PE oraz jakie przeobrażenia zachodziły w grupach politycznych; • obrazują wzrost liczby kobiet zasiadających w Parlamencie; • wyjaśniają systemy wyborcze stosowane podczas wyborów do Parlamentu Europejskiego w państwach członkowskich; • przedstawiają porównanie frekwencji w wyborach europejskich z frekwencją w wyborach krajowych; • stanowią podsumowanie działalności Parlamentu w kadencji 2009–2014 oraz dotychczas zrealizowanych prac w bieżącej kadencji; • przedstawiają roczne koszty działalności Paramentu Europejskiego w porównaniu z kosztami działalności innych parlamentów; • przedstawiają w zarysie skład głównych organów kierowniczych Parlamentu. Niniejszy briefing jest systematycznie uaktualniany podczas kadencji 2014–2019 w celu uwzględnienia bieżących wydarzeń.

Review of European and National Election Results. 2014-2019 Mid-term - January 2017

27-02-2017

The current edition of 20 January 2017 is the fourth update of the Review of European and National Elections; first published in November 2014. The first focused on the results of the European elections of May 2014, featured a historical report on the 35 years of direct elections to the European Parliament since 1979, and presented various national election results. This mid-term edition includes the three previous updates (as of 24 July 2015, 4 February 2016, and 15 July 2016) on both the composition ...

The current edition of 20 January 2017 is the fourth update of the Review of European and National Elections; first published in November 2014. The first focused on the results of the European elections of May 2014, featured a historical report on the 35 years of direct elections to the European Parliament since 1979, and presented various national election results. This mid-term edition includes the three previous updates (as of 24 July 2015, 4 February 2016, and 15 July 2016) on both the composition of the EP and national elections.

Ghana: Political landscape after the elections

11-01-2017

The December 2016 general elections in Ghana were peaceful and free, with victory to the opposition for both the presidency and the parliament. This strengthens Ghana's reputation as one of Africa's most stable democracies and endorses a trend of democratic consolidation in West Africa. The president-elect, a man with strong human rights credentials, may however face difficulties in fulfilling his generous electoral promises given the country's current economic situation.

The December 2016 general elections in Ghana were peaceful and free, with victory to the opposition for both the presidency and the parliament. This strengthens Ghana's reputation as one of Africa's most stable democracies and endorses a trend of democratic consolidation in West Africa. The president-elect, a man with strong human rights credentials, may however face difficulties in fulfilling his generous electoral promises given the country's current economic situation.