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International Agreements – Review and Monitoring Clauses - A Rolling Check-List

24-10-2019

This study provides an analysis and overview of the review and monitoring clauses, sunset clauses, consultation clauses and management and implementation clauses contained in bilateral and multilateral international agreements concluded between the EU and other countries, and in force as of 1 September 2019.

This study provides an analysis and overview of the review and monitoring clauses, sunset clauses, consultation clauses and management and implementation clauses contained in bilateral and multilateral international agreements concluded between the EU and other countries, and in force as of 1 September 2019.

The European Parliament's evolving soft power - From back-door diplomacy to agenda-setting: Democracy support and mediation

27-09-2019

For the past 40 years, Members of the European Parliament have been working at boosting Parliament's role in EU foreign policy. These efforts have continued to be stepped up since the launch of the common foreign and security policy (CFSP) in 1993. Over recent decades, the European Parliament has significantly raised its profile as a credible moral force with strong focus on strengthening human rights, supporting democracy and enhancing the rule of law worldwide. Perhaps less visible than the European ...

For the past 40 years, Members of the European Parliament have been working at boosting Parliament's role in EU foreign policy. These efforts have continued to be stepped up since the launch of the common foreign and security policy (CFSP) in 1993. Over recent decades, the European Parliament has significantly raised its profile as a credible moral force with strong focus on strengthening human rights, supporting democracy and enhancing the rule of law worldwide. Perhaps less visible than the European Parliament's Sakharov Prize for freedom of thought, the European Parliament's democracy support activities are part of its 'soft-power' approach to international relations. Moreover, Parliament can convey messages through channels that are different from, and complementary to, those employed by the EU's traditional diplomatic players; for example, through its parliamentary networks. Parliament also enjoys Treaty-based information and consultation rights, which allow its Members to shape the EU's external policies. In addition, the European Parliament has become a public forum for debating with representatives of partner countries and international organisations, as well as influential non-state actors. MEPs pro-actively engage in inter-parliamentary delegations and missions to third countries as well as joint parliamentary assemblies. Moreover, parties in different countries often share strong links via their political families.

Single Supervisroy Mechanism (SSM) – Accountability arrangements and legal base for hearings in the European Parliament - State of Play - August 2019

29-08-2019

This note prepared by the Economic Governance Support Unit provides an overview of the EP’s accountability hearings in the context of the Single Supervisory Mechanism.

This note prepared by the Economic Governance Support Unit provides an overview of the EP’s accountability hearings in the context of the Single Supervisory Mechanism.

Zasady dotyczące grup politycznych w PE

05-06-2019

Posłowie do Parlamentu Europejskiego mogą tworzyć grupy polityczne, których członkowie dobierają się nie według narodowości, lecz według poglądów politycznych. Na przestrzeni czasu od pierwszych bezpośrednich wyborów w 1979 r. liczba grup politycznych wahała się od siedmiu do dziesięciu. Po wyborach z 2019 r. liczba, wielkość i skład grup politycznych przypuszczalnie znowu ulegną zmianie z racji możliwego rozwiązania niektórych grup politycznych i utworzenia nowych. Aby utworzyć grupę polityczną, ...

Posłowie do Parlamentu Europejskiego mogą tworzyć grupy polityczne, których członkowie dobierają się nie według narodowości, lecz według poglądów politycznych. Na przestrzeni czasu od pierwszych bezpośrednich wyborów w 1979 r. liczba grup politycznych wahała się od siedmiu do dziesięciu. Po wyborach z 2019 r. liczba, wielkość i skład grup politycznych przypuszczalnie znowu ulegną zmianie z racji możliwego rozwiązania niektórych grup politycznych i utworzenia nowych. Aby utworzyć grupę polityczną, potrzeba co najmniej 25 posłów do PE wybranych w co najmniej jednej czwartej państw członkowskich UE (tj. obecnie w siedmiu). Posłowie, którzy nie należą do żadnej grupy politycznej, to posłowie niezrzeszeni. Chociaż grupy polityczne odgrywają czołową rolę w pracach Parlamentu, indywidualni posłowie lub pewna liczba posłów do PE działających wspólnie mają również wiele uprawnień, w tym w odniesieniu do sprawowania kontroli nad innymi instytucjami UE, np. nad Komisją. Jednak przynależność do grupy politycznej ma szczególne znaczenie w kontekście przyznawania kluczowych stanowisk w strukturach politycznych i organizacyjnych Parlamentu, takich jak przewodniczący komisji i delegacji oraz sprawozdawcy w ważnych dossier. Ponadto grupy polityczne otrzymują większe środki finansowe na swój personel i działalność parlamentarną niż posłowie niezrzeszeni. Finansowanie grup politycznych różni się jednak od finansowania przyznawanego europejskim partiom i fundacjom politycznym, które – jeżeli spełniają jako takie wymogi rejestracji – mogą ubiegać się o finansowanie z Parlamentu Europejskiego.

The power of the European Parliament: Examples of EP impact during the 2014-19 legislative term

30-04-2019

As the only European Union institution elected directly, the European Parliament is at the heart of representative democracy, the foundation upon which the EU is built. Since its creation, the Parliament’s powers have evolved significantly, transforming it into a full-fledged legislative body and forum of discussion and engagement, whose influence is felt in virtually all areas of EU activity. This paper provides an overview of the European Parliament's main powers, demonstrating how they interact ...

As the only European Union institution elected directly, the European Parliament is at the heart of representative democracy, the foundation upon which the EU is built. Since its creation, the Parliament’s powers have evolved significantly, transforming it into a full-fledged legislative body and forum of discussion and engagement, whose influence is felt in virtually all areas of EU activity. This paper provides an overview of the European Parliament's main powers, demonstrating how they interact, and illustrating through practical examples from the most recent parliamentary term (2014-2019) the various ways in which the Parliament uses those powers in its daily work.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

DG, EPRS;

Agreement on EU general budget for 2019

11-12-2018

After the failure of budgetary conciliation, the European Commission put forward a new draft budget for 2019. Based on the second draft budget and subsequent negotiations, the European Parliament and Council have agreed the General Budget for the European Union for 2019, at a level of €165 795.6 million in commitments and €148 198.9 million in payment appropriations. This means an increase of 3.2 % in commitments and 2.4 % in payments as compared to 2018 budget. The Parliament has scheduled the adoption ...

After the failure of budgetary conciliation, the European Commission put forward a new draft budget for 2019. Based on the second draft budget and subsequent negotiations, the European Parliament and Council have agreed the General Budget for the European Union for 2019, at a level of €165 795.6 million in commitments and €148 198.9 million in payment appropriations. This means an increase of 3.2 % in commitments and 2.4 % in payments as compared to 2018 budget. The Parliament has scheduled the adoption of the agreement for the December 2018 plenary. Adoption of this agreement means, once signed by the Parliament’s President, that the EU will be equipped with a budget as from 1 January 2019.

EU Agencies, Common Approach and Parliamentary Scrutiny

21-11-2018

Decentralised agencies were set up on a case-by-case basis over the years, to respond to emerging individual policy needs. Currently there are 36 of them and they have been operating under very diverse conditions. This study provides an overview of the different decentralised EU agencies according to a number of criteria; including their functions, legal bases, sources of financing, respective roles of Parliament, Council, Commission and Member States, stakeholder involvement and transparency. It ...

Decentralised agencies were set up on a case-by-case basis over the years, to respond to emerging individual policy needs. Currently there are 36 of them and they have been operating under very diverse conditions. This study provides an overview of the different decentralised EU agencies according to a number of criteria; including their functions, legal bases, sources of financing, respective roles of Parliament, Council, Commission and Member States, stakeholder involvement and transparency. It particularly examines how the parliamentary scrutiny over decentralised agencies is ensured and suggests possible improvements to those mechanisms in order to reach a more coherent, efficient and transparent institutional set up for the parliamentary scrutiny over agencies’ activities.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

EPRS, DG

Shaping European Union: The European Parliament and Institutional Reform, 1979-1989

13-11-2018

Based on a large range of newly accessible archival sources, this study explores the European Parliament’s policies on the institutional reform of the European Communities between 1979 and 1989. It demonstrates how the Parliament fulfilled key functions in the process of constitutionalisation of the present-day European Union. These functions included defining a set of criteria for effective and democratic governance, developing legal concepts such as subsidiarity, and pressurising the Member States ...

Based on a large range of newly accessible archival sources, this study explores the European Parliament’s policies on the institutional reform of the European Communities between 1979 and 1989. It demonstrates how the Parliament fulfilled key functions in the process of constitutionalisation of the present-day European Union. These functions included defining a set of criteria for effective and democratic governance, developing legal concepts such as subsidiarity, and pressurising the Member States into accepting greater institutional deepening and more powers for the Parliament in the Single European Act and the Maastricht Treaty.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Dr Wolfram Kaiser, University of Portsmouth

Historiography of the European Parliament: Changing perceptions of the institution from the 1950s to today

13-11-2018

This study charts the course and contours of academic interest in, and writing about, the European Parliament (EP) since its origins in the early 1950s. What began as a trickle of scholarly works on the EP turned into a flood in the early 1990s, after the EP acquired greater legislative power and became more like a ‘real’ (if not a ‘normal’) parliament. The study does not claim to mention every significant work on the EP, and may well mention some works that other scholars might not consider to be ...

This study charts the course and contours of academic interest in, and writing about, the European Parliament (EP) since its origins in the early 1950s. What began as a trickle of scholarly works on the EP turned into a flood in the early 1990s, after the EP acquired greater legislative power and became more like a ‘real’ (if not a ‘normal’) parliament. The study does not claim to mention every significant work on the EP, and may well mention some works that other scholars might not consider to be particularly significant. It aims to present a ‘historiography’ of the EP, without limiting itself to the study of historical writing. Accordingly, it ranges over a wide swath of scholarship, including history but also, primarily, political science.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

This study has been written by Desmond Dinan, Ad Personam Jean Monnet Chair and Professor of Public Policy at George Mason University, Virginia, United States, for the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS).

Parliamentary scrutiny of the European Commission: implementation of the Treaty provisions

02-10-2018

The European Parliament's application of scrutiny prerogatives of political oversight of the European Commission increases the democratic legitimacy of the European Union, and the transparency and accountability of the European executive. The study examines the status quo of the European Parliament's powers of scrutiny of the European Commission. The cases examined pertain mainly to electoral and institutional issues, motions of censure, parliamentary questions, inquiry committees and special parliamentary ...

The European Parliament's application of scrutiny prerogatives of political oversight of the European Commission increases the democratic legitimacy of the European Union, and the transparency and accountability of the European executive. The study examines the status quo of the European Parliament's powers of scrutiny of the European Commission. The cases examined pertain mainly to electoral and institutional issues, motions of censure, parliamentary questions, inquiry committees and special parliamentary committees and reporting, consultation and provision of information. It also touches upon scrutiny in budgetary issues, scrutiny of delegated acts, scrutiny in the legislative procedure, legal proceedings and the EU's external relations.

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