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Updating of the Study on Gender Mainstreaming in Committees and Delegations of the European Parliament

15-11-2018

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee, provides an update of a previous study published in 2014. It is meant to assess to what extent the Women's Rights and Gender Equality Committee (FEMM) of the European Parliament contributed to the effective implementation of gender mainstreaming in the European Parliament activities between July 2017 and July 2018.

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee, provides an update of a previous study published in 2014. It is meant to assess to what extent the Women's Rights and Gender Equality Committee (FEMM) of the European Parliament contributed to the effective implementation of gender mainstreaming in the European Parliament activities between July 2017 and July 2018.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Manuela Samek Lodovici, Daniela Loi, Flavia Pesce, Cristina Vasilescu , IRS-Istituto per la Ricerca Sociale, Italy

Women in the Western Balkans: Gender equality in the EU accession process

18-07-2018

Equality between women and men, or gender equality, is a fundamental right and a common value, recognised by the EU. It has been a component of the European integration project from its outset. Enshrined in the EU Treaties, gender equality forms part of the accession conditions with which candidate and potential candidates from the Western Balkans (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo, Montenegro and Serbia) have to comply. Investing in gender equality ...

Equality between women and men, or gender equality, is a fundamental right and a common value, recognised by the EU. It has been a component of the European integration project from its outset. Enshrined in the EU Treaties, gender equality forms part of the accession conditions with which candidate and potential candidates from the Western Balkans (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo, Montenegro and Serbia) have to comply. Investing in gender equality, however, is essential not only as an EU requirement, but for an equal society. Although progress has been noted in these countries as regards gender equality, more work is still required. Equal opportunities would allow EU candidate countries to better tap into the potential and skills of women, and underpin achievements in areas such as economic growth, employment and social cohesion, as well as in peace-building. As part of their preparation for an EU future, the Western Balkan countries have taken steps to advance women's rights in recent years. These include adopting or amending relevant legislation (e.g. criminal and labour laws), elaborating national strategies and action plans, and establishing institutional mechanisms to carry out and monitor relevant policies. Nevertheless, promoting gender equality is often sidelined, and the action taken in this respect is insufficient. Ensuring equality between women and men remains 'unfinished business' in a region where traditional gender roles are deep-rooted and social attitudes and lack of awareness of women's rights are at the core of the problem. This Briefing aims to highlight the EU's efforts to promote gender equality as part of EU enlargement policy, and the way the EU strives to mainstream equality across the board. It also aims to cast light on some major challenges that women face in the Western Balkans, such as their weaker roles in economy and politics, and widespread gender-based violence. This follows up the June 2017 briefing on 'Rights and empowerment of women in the Western Balkans'.

Gender Equality in the Media Sector

17-01-2018

This study examines key elements of the European policy agenda pertaining to gender equality in the media sector. It also reviews existing research on women’s representation within media content and the media workforce. The study provides analysis of actions to promote gender equality in the media sector at both the EU and Member State levels. Finally, it presents case studies of gender equality in the media in four Member States: Austria, Malta, Sweden, and the UK.

This study examines key elements of the European policy agenda pertaining to gender equality in the media sector. It also reviews existing research on women’s representation within media content and the media workforce. The study provides analysis of actions to promote gender equality in the media sector at both the EU and Member State levels. Finally, it presents case studies of gender equality in the media in four Member States: Austria, Malta, Sweden, and the UK.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Katie McCracken, Director, Opcit Research Dr. Ana FitzSimons, Senior Researcher, Opcit Research Dr. Sarah Priest, Senior Researcher, Opcit Research Sylvia Girstmair Researcher, Opcit Research Professor Brenda Murphy, Professor of Gender Studies, University of Malta

Gender Perspective on Access to Energy in the EU

18-12-2017

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs, presents an overview of the situation within the EU with regard to the way energy poverty is experienced by women and men and explores through a gender lens existing EU legislation and policy to address energy poverty. Interpretation and implementation of EU legislation at national level are also investigated. Possible opportunities to ensure that policies and interventions to address ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs, presents an overview of the situation within the EU with regard to the way energy poverty is experienced by women and men and explores through a gender lens existing EU legislation and policy to address energy poverty. Interpretation and implementation of EU legislation at national level are also investigated. Possible opportunities to ensure that policies and interventions to address energy poverty are more gender aware are identified and discussed.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Joy CLANCY, Viktoria DASKALOVA, Mariëlle FEENSTRA (University of Twente, NL), Nicolò FRANCESCHELLI, Margarita SANZ (Blomeyer & Sanz)

Wdrażanie europejskiej strategii w sprawie niepełnosprawności

24-11-2017

W Unii Europejskiej prawie co szósta osoba w wieku co najmniej 15 lat ma pewien rodzaj niepełnosprawności. Oczekuje się, że w miarę starzenia się społeczeństwa liczba ta znacząco wzrośnie. W lutym 2017 r. Komisja Europejska opublikowała sprawozdanie z postępów w realizacji europejskiej strategii w sprawie niepełnosprawności na lata 2010–2020. Podczas drugiej sesji plenarnej w listopadzie Parlament ma przeprowadzić dyskusję na temat sprawozdania z własnej inicjatywy w sprawie wdrażania tej strategii ...

W Unii Europejskiej prawie co szósta osoba w wieku co najmniej 15 lat ma pewien rodzaj niepełnosprawności. Oczekuje się, że w miarę starzenia się społeczeństwa liczba ta znacząco wzrośnie. W lutym 2017 r. Komisja Europejska opublikowała sprawozdanie z postępów w realizacji europejskiej strategii w sprawie niepełnosprawności na lata 2010–2020. Podczas drugiej sesji plenarnej w listopadzie Parlament ma przeprowadzić dyskusję na temat sprawozdania z własnej inicjatywy w sprawie wdrażania tej strategii.

Labour rights in Export Processing Zones with a focus on GSP+ beneficiary countries

15-06-2017

The European Union’s GSP+ scheme provides trade concessions to beneficiary countries and obliges them to ratify and effectively implement key international conventions on human rights and labour rights. The sectoral gains of GSP+ have thus far been concentrated on exports of apparel, textiles and processed fish. Such sectors are often located in Export Processing Zones (EPZs) where the governance of labour rights may differ from the rest of the country and fall below international legal standards ...

The European Union’s GSP+ scheme provides trade concessions to beneficiary countries and obliges them to ratify and effectively implement key international conventions on human rights and labour rights. The sectoral gains of GSP+ have thus far been concentrated on exports of apparel, textiles and processed fish. Such sectors are often located in Export Processing Zones (EPZs) where the governance of labour rights may differ from the rest of the country and fall below international legal standards. This study examines the apparel sectors of Pakistan, Mongolia and Sri Lanka and the processed fish sector of the Philippines. The importance of EPZs to exports under the GSP+ varies by country and sector. Only in Pakistan are EPZs legally exempt from rights relating to freedom of association and collective bargaining. But restrictions on these and other rights in practice remain widespread, and are not confined to EPZs. Efforts to promote labour rights through the GSP+ should focus on key export sectors benefitting from the scheme and consider EPZs alongside other sites of the supply chain where exploited workers are based.

Gender Gap in Pensions: Looking ahead

15-05-2017

The study was commissioned overseen and published by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee. The issue of gender gap in pensions has aroused increasing attention over recent years. While the current gap in pension levels between men and women reflects past labour market tendencies and design of pension systems, pronounced changes have occurred with regard to both employment of women and pension systems. The ...

The study was commissioned overseen and published by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee. The issue of gender gap in pensions has aroused increasing attention over recent years. While the current gap in pension levels between men and women reflects past labour market tendencies and design of pension systems, pronounced changes have occurred with regard to both employment of women and pension systems. The ageing population has stimulated revision to pension systems, including raising retirement age and the introduction of a closer correspondence between lifetime earnings and pension levels. These changes will influence the pattern in the future gender pension gap. This report recommends an approach to assessment of the future gender pension gap using the Forward-looking Gender Pension Gap Index. The index proposed spans two domains: the employment gap and pension system compensation. Both these domains impact tomorrow’s distribution of pensions between men and women.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Agnieszka Chłoń-Domińczak, Warsaw School of Economics

Gender equality: EU challenges and policies [What Think Tanks are thinking]

03-03-2017

Equality between women and men is one of the European Union's founding values. Under the "Strategic engagement for gender equality 2016-2019" policy plan, the EU seeks to increase female labour-market participation, reduce the gender pay gap, promote equality between women and men in decision-making, fight gender-based violence, and promote gender equality across the world. However, despite all efforts, such as adopting legislation on equal treatment, gender inequality remains a serious problem in ...

Equality between women and men is one of the European Union's founding values. Under the "Strategic engagement for gender equality 2016-2019" policy plan, the EU seeks to increase female labour-market participation, reduce the gender pay gap, promote equality between women and men in decision-making, fight gender-based violence, and promote gender equality across the world. However, despite all efforts, such as adopting legislation on equal treatment, gender inequality remains a serious problem in Europe. This note offers links to commentaries and reports published in recent years by major international think tanks on issues relating to gender inequality in the EU and other related topics.

Empowering women in the EU and beyond: Labour market

02-03-2017

Equal access to the labour market is recognised as a cornerstone of women’s economic independence and participation in public life. The EU and its Member States have obligations to integrate those excluded from the labour market (Article 151 TFEU), advance gender equality in employment (Article 153 TFEU; Directive 2006/54/ EC), and ensure equal pay for work of equal value (Article 157 TFEU). All EU Member States have ratified the 1979 UN Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination ...

Equal access to the labour market is recognised as a cornerstone of women’s economic independence and participation in public life. The EU and its Member States have obligations to integrate those excluded from the labour market (Article 151 TFEU), advance gender equality in employment (Article 153 TFEU; Directive 2006/54/ EC), and ensure equal pay for work of equal value (Article 157 TFEU). All EU Member States have ratified the 1979 UN Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination against Women, which upholds women’s rights to work, equal opportunities and social benefits (Article 11).

Empowering women in the EU and beyond: Education and reproductive health

02-03-2017

In the EU, gender equality in education and several other policy areas is protected by law. In practice, however, full gender equality has still not been achieved. Beyond the EU, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has found that millions of girls are still being denied an education. Therefore, the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women) is calling for all countries to repeal discriminatory laws that create barriers ...

In the EU, gender equality in education and several other policy areas is protected by law. In practice, however, full gender equality has still not been achieved. Beyond the EU, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has found that millions of girls are still being denied an education. Therefore, the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women) is calling for all countries to repeal discriminatory laws that create barriers for women and girls not only in education, but also in access to healthcare, decent jobs and equal pay. The right to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) is not only an integral part of the general right to health but is also fundamentally linked to the enjoyment of many other human rights, according to UN experts.

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