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After parental leave: Incentives for parents with young children to return to the labour market

18-11-2020

This study examines the employment situation of parents with young children in the EU and specifically, the factors that affect parents’ return to the labour market. The paper identifies interventions that could help parents return to work after family-related leave and improve labour-market integration of unemployed or inactive parents. The study outlines possible additional actions at the EU level. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Employment and Social Affairs ...

This study examines the employment situation of parents with young children in the EU and specifically, the factors that affect parents’ return to the labour market. The paper identifies interventions that could help parents return to work after family-related leave and improve labour-market integration of unemployed or inactive parents. The study outlines possible additional actions at the EU level. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Employment and Social Affairs Committee.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Joanna HOFMAN et al.

Social Impact Investment - Best Practices and Recommendations for the Next Generation

12-11-2020

Social Impact Investment (SII) is a strategy that seeks to solve key societal challenges. The study sets out the rationale behind and the definition of SII and analyses the different components of the SII ecosystem. It looks at trends and challenges in SII in the EU, highlights a number of successful SII market initiatives, and makes recommendations on potential EU-level measures.

Social Impact Investment (SII) is a strategy that seeks to solve key societal challenges. The study sets out the rationale behind and the definition of SII and analyses the different components of the SII ecosystem. It looks at trends and challenges in SII in the EU, highlights a number of successful SII market initiatives, and makes recommendations on potential EU-level measures.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Raimonda MACKEVIČIŪTĖ, Žilvinas MARTINAITIS, Fiorenza LIPPARINI, Barbara Constance SCHECK, Izabela STYCZYŃSKA.

What future for the social economy?

11-11-2020

Traditionally the social economy is considered to be an ever-growing set of private, formally organised enterprises and networks that build on multiple types of resources and cooperation, with local anchorage and democratic and participatory decision-making processes. Its primary aim is not to make profit but to meet the needs of its members and that of the wider society. The social economy is active in an increasing number of sectors, and while some of its actors are small non-profit organisations ...

Traditionally the social economy is considered to be an ever-growing set of private, formally organised enterprises and networks that build on multiple types of resources and cooperation, with local anchorage and democratic and participatory decision-making processes. Its primary aim is not to make profit but to meet the needs of its members and that of the wider society. The social economy is active in an increasing number of sectors, and while some of its actors are small non-profit organisations, others are large organisations with international outreach. It generates 6 to 8 % of the European Union's gross domestic product (GDP). However, it is a driver not only of economic activity but also of normative values, such as solidarity and inclusion. Since its conception in the 19th century, it has taken on board innovation in social relations and in societal and community spheres, human development targets and socio-political empowerment. In the first two decades of the 21st century, with new risks and opportunities arising owing to the twin digital and green transformations there is an emerging debate, rethinking economic growth theories with more focus on inclusion and combatting inequality, and exploring the relevance of traditional welfare state models. This debate has intensified in the wake of the 2008 crisis, and now also as a result of the coronavirus pandemic and crisis. The social economy can play a central role in this context. While it has been badly affected by these crises, it also has the potential to mitigate some of the negative impacts. The social economy's values-based approach to the economy can enable it to generate new elements in the ecosystems in which it exists and be an important 'engine' in the immediate recovery and the longer-term possible restructuring of the economy towards more resilience, fairness and sustainability. For the social economy to be able to reach its full potential across the Member States and help to achieve green and inclusive growth with renewed welfare state models, it needs to be supported simultaneously at all levels. EU action can contribute to this. The main areas of EU intervention are: facilitating access to finance and markets, including the digital single market; creating better framework conditions, including for cooperation and cross-border activity; supporting innovation, including new business models; and developing international relations. The Commission action plan on the social economy expected in 2021 might address many of these issues.

Social Impact Investment - Best Practices and Recommendations for the Next Generation

10-11-2020

Social Impact Investment (SII) is a strategy that seeks to solve key societal challenges. The study sets out the rationale behind and the definition of SII and analyses the different components of the SII ecosystem. It looks at trends and challenges in SII in the EU, highlights a number of successful SII market initiatives, and makes recommendations on potential EU-level measures.

Social Impact Investment (SII) is a strategy that seeks to solve key societal challenges. The study sets out the rationale behind and the definition of SII and analyses the different components of the SII ecosystem. It looks at trends and challenges in SII in the EU, highlights a number of successful SII market initiatives, and makes recommendations on potential EU-level measures.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Raimonda MACKEVIČIŪTĖ, Žilvinas MARTINAITIS, Fiorenza LIPPARINI, Barbara Constance SCHECK, Izabela STYCZYŃSKA.

The Future of Work - Implications for Public Employment Services in Europe

09-11-2020

The importance of the European PES Network has been growing since its establishment in 2014. Its to the design of relevant European policy initiatives has been most notable regarding the European Pillar of Social Rights, the integration of the long-term unemployed into the labour market and the reinforced Youth Guarantee. Substantial changes in the world of work are impacting public employment services. Their future work will be informed by two strategic policy priorities set by the European Commission ...

The importance of the European PES Network has been growing since its establishment in 2014. Its to the design of relevant European policy initiatives has been most notable regarding the European Pillar of Social Rights, the integration of the long-term unemployed into the labour market and the reinforced Youth Guarantee. Substantial changes in the world of work are impacting public employment services. Their future work will be informed by two strategic policy priorities set by the European Commission for 2019-2024: The digital transformation and policies for a climate-neutral Europe, both entailing far-reaching changes on the labour market.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Regina KONLE-SEIDL

Europejska sieć publicznych służb zatrudnienia

05-11-2020

Publiczne służby zatrudnienia to główne agencje realizujące politykę zatrudnienia ułatwiającą integrację osób poszukujących pracy na rynku pracy. Komisja Europejska zaproponowała rozszerzenie i ulepszenie europejskiej sieci takich usług, między innymi poprzez współpracę z innymi zainteresowanymi stronami na rynku pracy oraz dostosowanie do wyzwań związanych z cyfryzacją, rozwojem technologicznym w świecie pracy i zmianami demograficznymi. Parlament Europejski ma głosować w pierwszym czytaniu podczas ...

Publiczne służby zatrudnienia to główne agencje realizujące politykę zatrudnienia ułatwiającą integrację osób poszukujących pracy na rynku pracy. Komisja Europejska zaproponowała rozszerzenie i ulepszenie europejskiej sieci takich usług, między innymi poprzez współpracę z innymi zainteresowanymi stronami na rynku pracy oraz dostosowanie do wyzwań związanych z cyfryzacją, rozwojem technologicznym w świecie pracy i zmianami demograficznymi. Parlament Europejski ma głosować w pierwszym czytaniu podczas pierwszej sesji listopadowej w sprawie tekstu uzgodnionego z Radą w drodze rozmów trójstronnych.

Recent trends in female employment

27-10-2020

Statistics and research results show that in recent decades, before the coronavirus pandemic, the EU's labour market witnessed an increase in female employment rates. Women's employment seems to have been more resilient than men's to the economic and financial crisis in 2008. This was due in part to long-term developments and changes in the institutional framework, but also to women's tendency to work in particular sectors and accept flexible working arrangements (such as part-time work or teleworking ...

Statistics and research results show that in recent decades, before the coronavirus pandemic, the EU's labour market witnessed an increase in female employment rates. Women's employment seems to have been more resilient than men's to the economic and financial crisis in 2008. This was due in part to long-term developments and changes in the institutional framework, but also to women's tendency to work in particular sectors and accept flexible working arrangements (such as part-time work or teleworking). The coronavirus crisis, however, has had a harsher impact on women than on men when it comes to the labour market. One of the main reasons is that men tend more to work in sectors considered as essential economic activities (with the exception of healthcare), whereas women's work often involves contact with customers and clients, making teleworking impossible. Women have also been faced with increased childcare needs, reducing their ability to work, while enjoying a lower level of social protection owing to their working arrangements. Although EU legislation takes account of the situation of women in the labour market, and a number of legislative and non-legislative initiatives have recently been taken at EU level, a number of challenges remain. Areas where action is required include: the harmonisation of retirement schemes, to take the specific nature of women's careers into account; better reconciliation of work and family life by means of more flexible employment arrangements; and action to address the perennial gender pay gap. This is an update of an earlier briefing on Trends in female employment, from October 2015, PE 569.049.

Fair minimum wages in the EU - Pre-legislative synthesis of national, regional and local positions on the European Commission's initiative

26-10-2020

This briefing forms part of an EPRS series offering syntheses of the pre-legislative state of play and consultation on key European Commission priorities during the current five-year term. It summarises the state of affairs in the relevant policy field, examines how existing policy is working on the ground, and, where possible, identifies best practice and ideas for the future on the part of governmental organisations at all levels of European system of multilevel governance. Based on EPRS analysis ...

This briefing forms part of an EPRS series offering syntheses of the pre-legislative state of play and consultation on key European Commission priorities during the current five-year term. It summarises the state of affairs in the relevant policy field, examines how existing policy is working on the ground, and, where possible, identifies best practice and ideas for the future on the part of governmental organisations at all levels of European system of multilevel governance. Based on EPRS analysis, partner organisations at European, national, regional and local levels point to the following main considerations that they consider should shape discussion of the forthcoming initiative on fair minimum wages for workers in the EU: • There are fears regarding the implications of the EU initiative for the respective national systems, with the various stakeholders suggesting a cautious approach as part of what could prove to be a long-term discussion. A complex differentiated approach with several safeguards, adapted to the respective systems in place, would appear to be key to avoiding an initiative with only minimal ambitions. • A broad consensus is observed regarding the need to reinforce the social partners; strengthening social dialogue and promoting collective bargaining should be used as an opportunity to explore ambitious measures in this area. • The unresolved debate on the effects of higher minimum wages on the economy and employment situation underlines the need for detailed and regular analysis, including by means of greater use of impact assessment tools. This would be valuable in order to prevent negative consequences and demonstrate the added value of EU action. • Some specific (complementary) instruments deserve to be considered, such as the country-specific recommendations of the European Semester and public procurement procedures.

Skills and Jobs for future labour markets: European policies and Skills Agendas 2010 - 2020

26-10-2020

The briefing presents an overview of sklls challenges, European and international policy responses. Further, it analyses the three European skills agendas 2010, 2016 and 2020 from a lifelong learning perspective. The note covers aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The briefing presents an overview of sklls challenges, European and international policy responses. Further, it analyses the three European skills agendas 2010, 2016 and 2020 from a lifelong learning perspective. The note covers aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The scope of EU labour law: Who is (not) covered by key directives?

26-10-2020

This in-depth analysis examines the current EU labour law instruments for workers’ protection and highlights existing gaps in coverage which may require further action. It analyses a selection of directives in order to determine how non-standard workers are often excluded from their scope of application, and the extent to which newer instruments account for a broader variety of employment relationships. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life ...

This in-depth analysis examines the current EU labour law instruments for workers’ protection and highlights existing gaps in coverage which may require further action. It analyses a selection of directives in order to determine how non-standard workers are often excluded from their scope of application, and the extent to which newer instruments account for a broader variety of employment relationships. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies for the committee on Employment and Social Affairs (EMPL).

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