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United Nations Food Systems Summit 2021: Process, challenges and expectations

10-09-2021

In October 2019, the United Nations (UN) Secretary General called for a UN Food Systems Summit (UN FSS), to be held in 2021, aimed at launching bold action to transform the way the world produces, consumes and thinks about food – a crucial step in progressing on all 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The Summit is due to take place on 23 September 2021, as a virtual event on the margins of the UN General Assembly taking place in New York. An in-person, three-day Pre-Summit in Rome preceded ...

In October 2019, the United Nations (UN) Secretary General called for a UN Food Systems Summit (UN FSS), to be held in 2021, aimed at launching bold action to transform the way the world produces, consumes and thinks about food – a crucial step in progressing on all 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The Summit is due to take place on 23 September 2021, as a virtual event on the margins of the UN General Assembly taking place in New York. An in-person, three-day Pre-Summit in Rome preceded the event on 26 28 July 2021. The Summit was announced before the Covid 19 pandemic became a hunger crisis in many parts of the world. The stakes have risen acutely since then, bringing a new sense of urgency. The coronavirus crisis has thus created an opportunity to raise the level of reform ambition for global food systems, but also sparked a heated debate around the directions and shared costs of this transformation. On 23 September 2021, the UN FSS delegates are due to wrap up the process started almost two years ago, which has generated a remarkable level of mobilisation, awareness, and public debate through multiple platforms. The process so far has demonstrated that while there is ample consensus on the need for a profound reform of food systems, views diverge as to how to attain this goal. Expectations are high and the task is daunting.

Guidelines for foresight-based policy analysis

26-07-2021

Policy analysis examines and assesses problems to determine possible courses for policy action (policy options). In highly complex or controversial contexts, evidence-based policy options might not be socially acceptable. Here, policy analysis can benefit from a foresight-based approach, which helps investigate the issue holistically and assess considered evidence-based policy options against societal concerns. This is especially important in a parliamentary setting, as it enables analysts to consider ...

Policy analysis examines and assesses problems to determine possible courses for policy action (policy options). In highly complex or controversial contexts, evidence-based policy options might not be socially acceptable. Here, policy analysis can benefit from a foresight-based approach, which helps investigate the issue holistically and assess considered evidence-based policy options against societal concerns. This is especially important in a parliamentary setting, as it enables analysts to consider stakeholder views and geographical concerns/differences when assessing policy options. This manual establishes the methodology for the foresight process and foresight-informed policy analysis. It offers a conceptual clarification of foresight and foresight-based technology assessment, helps enhance the transparency of foresight processes and the quality of policy analyses, offers four general guidelines for conducting trustworthy policy analysis, and, finally, provides a practical framework with six basic components for foresight-based policy analysis.

At a glance note for Research for PECH committee: Impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on EU fisheries and aquaculture

14-07-2021

This study analyses the effects of COVID-19 on the EU fisheries and aquaculture sectors from March to December 2020. It gives an overview of the main effects experienced at EU level and develops eight case studies (Spain, Denmark, France, Italy, Sweden, Greece, Portugal and Bulgaria). The research also provides conclusions and policy recommendations to strengthen the sector’s resilience to shocks, and to address current vulnerabilities in view of potential similar events. The study was commissioned ...

This study analyses the effects of COVID-19 on the EU fisheries and aquaculture sectors from March to December 2020. It gives an overview of the main effects experienced at EU level and develops eight case studies (Spain, Denmark, France, Italy, Sweden, Greece, Portugal and Bulgaria). The research also provides conclusions and policy recommendations to strengthen the sector’s resilience to shocks, and to address current vulnerabilities in view of potential similar events. The study was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Structural and Cohesion Policies, at the request of the PECH Committee.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Cogea: Alessandro PITITTO, Diletta RAINONE, Valentina SANNINO AND International: Tanguy CHEVER, Lucas HERRY, Sibylle PARANT, Safa SOUIDI CETMAR: Marta BALLESTEROS, Rosa CHAPELA, José L. SANTIAGO

Meeting the Green Deal objectives by alignment of technology and behaviour

09-07-2021

This study explores the prospects of aligning citizens' behaviour with the objectives of the European Green Deal in the domains of food consumption and mobility. Creating a climate-neutral and resource-efficient European economy requires a deep transformation of energy, mobility and food systems, as well as a change in production and consumption practices. Such profound change will impact both individuals and society. At the same time, the transition to sustainability will not succeed if people do ...

This study explores the prospects of aligning citizens' behaviour with the objectives of the European Green Deal in the domains of food consumption and mobility. Creating a climate-neutral and resource-efficient European economy requires a deep transformation of energy, mobility and food systems, as well as a change in production and consumption practices. Such profound change will impact both individuals and society. At the same time, the transition to sustainability will not succeed if people do not support it by adapting their behaviour and consumption patterns. This would imply change towards 'sustainable behaviour'. The study explores options for such sustainable behaviour, with a focus on mobility and food consumption. It identifies key challenges and possibilities in each domain and explores how technological solutions can help people adapt to sustainable behaviour in alignment with the objectives of the European Green Deal.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

This study has been written by Annika Hedberg (with the focus on food consumption), Said El Khadraoui (with the focus on mobility), and Vadim Kononenko (with the focus on understanding sustainable behaviour) at the request of the Panel for the Future of Science and Technology (STOA) and managed by the Scientific Foresight Unit, within the Directorate-General for Parliamentary Research Services (EPRS) of the Secretariat of the European Parliament.

Podejście UE do kwestii migracji w regionie Morza Śródziemnego

11-06-2021

Niniejsze badanie, zlecone przez Departament Tematyczny ds. Praw Obywatelskich i Spraw Konstytucyjnych Parlamentu Europejskiego na wniosek komisji LIBE, analizuje podejście UE do migracji w regionie Morza Śródziemnego. Obejmuje ono wydarzenia od kryzysu uchodźczego po pandemię COVID-19 i zawiera ocenę wpływu tych wydarzeń na kształt, realizację i reformę polityki UE w zakresie azylu, migracji i kontroli granic zewnętrznych. Badanie zawiera przegląd aktualnego stanu prac nad odpowiednim prawodawstwem ...

Niniejsze badanie, zlecone przez Departament Tematyczny ds. Praw Obywatelskich i Spraw Konstytucyjnych Parlamentu Europejskiego na wniosek komisji LIBE, analizuje podejście UE do migracji w regionie Morza Śródziemnego. Obejmuje ono wydarzenia od kryzysu uchodźczego po pandemię COVID-19 i zawiera ocenę wpływu tych wydarzeń na kształt, realizację i reformę polityki UE w zakresie azylu, migracji i kontroli granic zewnętrznych. Badanie zawiera przegląd aktualnego stanu prac nad odpowiednim prawodawstwem UE i jego wdrażaniem, ocenę sytuacji w regionie Morza Śródziemnego oraz dogłębną analizę wymiaru zewnętrznego, koncentrującą się na współpracy z państwami trzecimi (Turcją, Libią i Nigrem), z uwzględnieniem kwestii związanych z prawami człowieka i prawem uchodźczym, a także analizę skutków przydziału środków w ramach funduszu powierniczego na rzecz Afryki i Instrumentu Pomocy dla Uchodźców w Turcji. Głównym celem jest sprawdzenie prawidłowego stosowania prawa UE i prawa międzynarodowego w związku z coraz częstszymi zarzutami dotyczącymi łamania praw człowieka, niesłusznej kryminalizacji i współudziału UE w okrutnych zbrodniach popełnianych na morzu wobec migrantów, którzy utknęli w Libii lub zostali zatrzymani w Nigrze i Turcji. Rola agencji UE (Frontex i EASO) jest również oceniana z perspektywy dwustronnych lub wielostronnych inicjatyw przyjętych przez państwa członkowskie, z uwzględnieniem zasady solidarności jako zagadnienia horyzontalnego.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Violeta MORENO-LAX,Jennifer ALLSOPP,Evangelia (Lilian) TSOURDI,Philippe DE BRUYCKER,Andreina DE LEO

Research for ANIT Committee: The practices of animal welfare during transport in third countries: an overview

31-05-2021

The purpose of this study is to review animal welfare practices during transport in and to third countries. It compares the practices, guidelines and tools used by main trading partners with the EU and European standards. It also provides concrete policy recommendations on how to improve the current EU legislation on animal welfare during transport, taking practices in third countries, reports from the Commission, scientific work, enforcement practices by competent authorities, and reports from NGOs ...

The purpose of this study is to review animal welfare practices during transport in and to third countries. It compares the practices, guidelines and tools used by main trading partners with the EU and European standards. It also provides concrete policy recommendations on how to improve the current EU legislation on animal welfare during transport, taking practices in third countries, reports from the Commission, scientific work, enforcement practices by competent authorities, and reports from NGOs into account. The study is based on survey and desk research. Recommendations are made to address the challenges identified

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Friedrich – Loeffler – Institut: Michael MARAHRENS and Isa KERNBERGER-FISCHER

Taking the EU's 'farm to fork' strategy forward

25-05-2021

The 'farm to fork' strategy is a roadmap to build a sustainable European Union (EU) food system, in line with the aims of the European Green Deal. Launched in May 2020, the strategy includes initiatives that are progressing at different speeds. The EU institutions are helping to shape the various elements of the strategy.

The 'farm to fork' strategy is a roadmap to build a sustainable European Union (EU) food system, in line with the aims of the European Green Deal. Launched in May 2020, the strategy includes initiatives that are progressing at different speeds. The EU institutions are helping to shape the various elements of the strategy.

Research for ANIT Committee: Particular welfare needs in animal transport: unweaned animals and pregnant females

20-05-2021

This study provides a technical overview and policy recommendations of the welfare need during transport of unweaned animals and pregnant females. During long journeys unweaned calves may experience negative welfare consequences such as prolonged hunger and thirst, resting problems, thermal stress and diseases. Further research is needed to develop appropriate methods to determine the gestational age during late pregnancy when the date of insemination or matting is unavailable, as well as to establish ...

This study provides a technical overview and policy recommendations of the welfare need during transport of unweaned animals and pregnant females. During long journeys unweaned calves may experience negative welfare consequences such as prolonged hunger and thirst, resting problems, thermal stress and diseases. Further research is needed to develop appropriate methods to determine the gestational age during late pregnancy when the date of insemination or matting is unavailable, as well as to establish the gestational age at which females are at particular risk of suffering poor welfare during transport.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Dr. Antonio VELARDE1, Dr. Dayane TEIXEIRA1, Dr. Maria DEVANT2, Dr. Sonia MARTÍ2 1 Animal Welfare Program, Institute for Food and Agriculture Research and Technology (IRTA) Veïnat de Síes, 17121 Girona, Spain; 2Ruminant Production, Institute for Food and Agriculture Research and Technology (IRTA), Caldes de Montbui, 08140 Barcelona, Spain.

Alcohol labelling

20-04-2021

In its Europe's Beating Cancer plan, published in February 2021, the European Commission suggests – among other initiatives concerning cancer prevention – several actions concerning alcoholic beverages, such as limiting online advertising and promotion, and reviewing European Union (EU) legislation on the taxation of alcohol. Also among the proposals is mandatory labelling of ingredients and nutrient content on alcoholic beverages by the end of 2022. Health warnings on labels should follow by the ...

In its Europe's Beating Cancer plan, published in February 2021, the European Commission suggests – among other initiatives concerning cancer prevention – several actions concerning alcoholic beverages, such as limiting online advertising and promotion, and reviewing European Union (EU) legislation on the taxation of alcohol. Also among the proposals is mandatory labelling of ingredients and nutrient content on alcoholic beverages by the end of 2022. Health warnings on labels should follow by the end of 2023. Labelling of ingredients and nutritional values on alcoholic drinks already has a long history. First attempts to label ingredients were made in the late 1970s, resulting in the Council not being able to agree on any of the proposed models. Alcoholic drinks containing more than 1.2 % by volume of alcohol (ABV) are exempted from the obligation set on other drinks and foodstuffs, to list the ingredients and make a nutritional declaration on the label. The European Commission adopted a report in 2017, concluding that it had 'not found objective grounds that would justify' the absence of information on ingredients and nutritional information on alcoholic beverages. Following on from the Commission's report, the European associations representing the alcoholic beverages sectors presented their self-regulation proposal in March 2018, suggesting that some sectors would list all ingredients on labels, while others could use online means of communication instead. Stakeholders have differing views on the desirability and feasibility of such listings on-label; some would prefer this information to be allowed to be given off-label through QR-codes, apps or websites, while others absolutely insist that alcoholic drinks should be no different from other sectors of the food and drink industry. The European Parliament has called on the European Commission to consider a health warning and calorie content on alcoholic beverage labels.

The future of crop protection in Europe

16-02-2021

The overall objective of the future of crop protection project is to present an overview of crop protection options for European farmers to enable them to work sustainably while securing food production, preserving biodiversity and supporting farmers' incomes. The policy options proposed are based on an assessment of current and emerging crop protection practices and their impact on the common agricultural policy (CAP) objectives. This overview shows that several crop protection practices are under ...

The overall objective of the future of crop protection project is to present an overview of crop protection options for European farmers to enable them to work sustainably while securing food production, preserving biodiversity and supporting farmers' incomes. The policy options proposed are based on an assessment of current and emerging crop protection practices and their impact on the common agricultural policy (CAP) objectives. This overview shows that several crop protection practices are under continuous development and have potential to improve future crop protection in Europe. The likelihood that policy options can be implemented successfully depends upon the extent to which they are consistent with the interests of stakeholder groups. These include farmers, suppliers, supply chain partners, consumers and NGOs defending societal interests. Furthermore, it is important that crop protection policy options are embedded in a systems perspective. This should include related areas, such as phytosanitary policy, the entire crop production system, the supply chain, and international trade relationships – which need to be in harmony with the crop protection policy. For each of these crop protection practices, different policy options are proposed, together with an impact assessment.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

DG, EPRS_This study has been written by Johan Bremmer, Marleen Riemens and Machiel Reinders of Wageningen University & Research at the request of the Panel for the Future of Science and Technology (STOA) and managed by the Scientific Foresight Unit, within the Directorate-General for Parliamentary Research Services (EPRS) of the Secretariat of the European Parliament.

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