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The recessions resulting from the financial crisis that broke out at the end of the last decade have caused economic difficulties for more and more EU companies and citizens in recent years, leaving them unable to repay their loans. As a result many EU banks have accumulated high volumes of non-performing loans (NPLs) on their balance-sheets. Although it has almost halved since December 2014, the ratio between NPLs and total loans extended by EU banks (the NPL ratio) remains historically high when ...

Due to the recessions brought about by the financial crisis from the end of the past decade, more and more EU companies and citizens have faced economic difficulties in recent years and have been unable to repay their loans. As a consequence, many EU banks have accumulated high volumes of non-performing loans (NPLs) in their balance-sheets. Although almost halved in comparison to December 2014, the ratio between NPLs and the total loans extended by EU banks (NPL ratio) remains historically high when ...

The two IAs accompanying the proposal are similar in the knowledge base underpinning the work and the quality of data and sources. However, there seem to be qualitative differences in the way research, analysis and consultation activities were presented. In this respect, the IA on secondary markets has more room for improvement than the one on the out-of-court enforcement procedure The latter complies more fully with the Better Regulation Guidelines, for example in terms of analysis of effectiveness ...

The Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) asked experts to prepare for the Monetary Dialogue session of 24 September 2018 analyses of the risks related to the abundant liquidity and banks’ lending activity. This note, provided by Policy department A, gives an overview of the in-depth analyses prepared by the experts.

For the Monetary Dialogue of 9 July 2018, the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) asked monetary experts to analyse the risks and collateral constrains related to the ECB non-standard monetary measures. This note, provided by Policy department A, lists the in-depth analyses prepared by the experts.

In March 2018, the European Commission presented a proposal to introduce statutory backstops for 'non-performing exposures'. These concern loans, debt securities or certain overdue off-balance-sheet items. Since the financial crisis, the EU has aimed to address the high numbers of these non-performing exposures, including in particular non-performing loans, as they risk destabilising the financial sector and thereby the EU economy. This briefing provides an initial appraisal of the quality of the ...

Banking union – Annual report 2017

Em síntese 22-02-2018

The European Parliament's own-initiative report on the banking union in 2017 is due to be voted during the February II plenary. It touches on cooperation between authorities, risks inherent in bank balance sheets, prudential rules and emerging challenges. It also notes that the banking union remains incomplete, in as far as it lacks a fiscal backstop and a European deposit insurance scheme.

This paper defines critical banking functions and considers whether there is a need for further legal/regulatory clarification if liquidation is the default option for failing banks. We rely on EU law and soft law principles (FSB) bearing in mind that ‘liquidation’ is at times a loosely defined concept. Despite efforts to agree upon a set of qualitative and quantitative criteria to assess the critical nature, or lack thereof, of relevant functions we argue that simplification is needed. Given the ...

The introduction of a bank resolution framework for EU banks has created the need for clear legal definitions of the main elements in resolution. This paper assesses one of these elements, namely “critical functions”, which encompasses the activities of a bank that are of significant importance for the real economy. The assessment of the regulation and implementation shows that there is room for sharpening the definition and equal application across all banks. It is questionable, however, whether ...

The European Central Bank has adopted a series of unconventional monetary policy measures to combat the financial crisis and ward off the risks of a too prolonged period of low inflation. The policy package has led to a tangible improvement in borrowing conditions for both households and firms. Sovereign bond rates have reached record low levels even at relative long maturities in several euro-area countries. In theory lower financing costs should support consumption and investment via the increase ...