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Since 2001, Europe has marked European Day of Languages each year on 26 September, in order to focus attention on its rich linguistic diversity. The European Union boasts 24 official languages, and around 60 regional and minority languages are spoken across the Member States. Europe's linguistic mosaic also includes a variety of sign languages spoken by half a million people, heritage languages such as ancient Greek and Latin, as well as Esperanto – a planned international language created in Europe ...

Indigenous languages are the essence of indigenous peoples' culture and traditions. They constitute the majority of the almost 7 000 languages spoken all over the world, yet, tragically, almost half of them are threatened with extinction. The loss of an indigenous language results in the loss of culture, tradition and ancestral knowledge, mainly botanical, gathered throughout the ages by those who speak it, resulting also in the loss of biodiversity. In light of this, the UN General Assembly declared ...

The diversity underpinning the European project is embodied in the harmonious co-existence of 24 official languages. Following the success of the European Year of Languages (2001), the Council of Europe designated 26 September as the European Day of Languages. The European Parliament has consistently acted to support endangered languages and linguistic diversity in the EU, calling on the EU and the Member States to commit resources to their protection and promotion. In May 2018, the European Commission ...

Upon request by the PETI Committee, the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs commissioned this in-depth analysis on Democratic Transition and Linguistic Minorities in Estonia and Latvia. The writer claims that in order to understand the situation of political representation rights of ethnic and linguistic minorities in Estonia and Latvia it is essential to provide a historical-political framework that contextualizes the presence of such substantial minorities in the ...

This briefing note was prepared by the Policy Department for the PETI Committee and provides background information on the region of Lusatia in Germany. In particular it contains background information on the Sorb population of this region and on various aspects concerning the lignite mining activities and its consequences for the population, the economy and the environment of the region.

O presente relatório apresenta uma análise comparativa aprofundada de treze estudos de caso linguísticos e tem por objetivo contribuir para uma melhor compreensão da situação das línguas minoritárias na área da educação na Europa. Nele são descritas as melhores práticas e é dado destaque aos desafios com que as línguas minoritárias se confrontam na área da educação. É reservada especial atenção à formação profissional e às perspetivas de carreira. Por fim, este relatório formula recomendações sobre ...

Endangered languages in the EU

Em síntese 20-04-2015

Many languages currently spoken in Europe are endangered and some are at imminent risk of extinction. Though education and language policies remain the competence of Member States, the EU has taken initiatives to promote multilingualism and preserve its linguistic diversity, including measures in support of regional or minority languages. A decline in linguistic diversity has been increasingly acknowledged to entail losses in terms of knowledge and cultural heritage.

Endangered languages in the EU

Em síntese 05-09-2013

In line with wider global trends, many languages currently spoken in Europe are endangered and some are at imminent risk of extinction.

No contexto de grande diversidade de línguas que existe na Europa, este estudo analisa as possíveis implicações do desaparecimento de algumas destas línguas e apresenta as medidas que devem ser planificadas para salvaguardar a sua existência e o seu futuro.

The EU and multilingualism

Briefing 21-11-2011

Democracy, transparency and the commitment to promote cultural and linguistic diversity account for the EU's unique multilingual structure based on 23 official languages. As a result of successive enlargements, the multilingual challenge has reached a completely new dimension – in terms of size, complexity, and policy relevance.