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EU climate action in ocean governance and fisheries policy

22-04-2021

Marine resources are a vital and growing source of food for human consumption, while oceans also play an important role in climate regulation. Scientific evidence shows that the climate system has changed rapidly in recent decades, with the oceans greatly mitigating the effects of climate change by absorbing excess heat and human-made carbon emissions. The velocity of the effects of climate change leaves little room for adaptation, causing both declines in abundance and geographic shifts in fish ...

Marine resources are a vital and growing source of food for human consumption, while oceans also play an important role in climate regulation. Scientific evidence shows that the climate system has changed rapidly in recent decades, with the oceans greatly mitigating the effects of climate change by absorbing excess heat and human-made carbon emissions. The velocity of the effects of climate change leaves little room for adaptation, causing both declines in abundance and geographic shifts in fish populations. As a result, people who rely heavily on seafood and fisheries for their livelihoods run the risk of income loss and food insecurity. The European Green Deal places climate action at the heart of a wide range of new legislative and non-legislative initiatives and includes ambitious goals such as achieving climate-neutrality by 2050 and preserving and protecting biodiversity. The new 'farm to fork' strategy addresses the challenges of sustainability in the food supply chain and, in the area of seafood, highlights the imminent update of the strategic guidelines on aquaculture, the goal to support the algae industry and the focus on climate change in the 2022 common fisheries policy review. In its biodiversity strategy, the Commission proposes a new binding target of 30 % marine protected areas in EU waters by 2030, a target supported by Parliament. A reduction in fishing pressure could also offset the environmental impacts of climate change. The last reform of the common fisheries policy marked an important milestone by requiring fish stocks to be restored and maintained above levels capable of producing the maximum sustainable yield. An own-initiative report from Parliament's Committee on Fisheries focuses specifically on the impact of rising seawater temperatures on fish stocks and fisheries. The oceans can be harnessed to help to close the emissions gap however, by unlocking their renewable offshore energy potential. In its offshore renewable energy strategy, the Commission aims to reach a deployment of 300 GW in offshore wind capacity by 2050, a 20-fold increase compared to today. Another own-initiative report from Parliament's Committee on Fisheries looks into the impact on the fishing sector of offshore wind and other renewable energy systems.

European Maritime and Fisheries Fund 2021-2027

06-04-2021

As part of the EU budget framework for the 2021-2027 period, the European Commission proposed in June 2018 a regulation to continue the fund dedicated to the Common Fisheries Policy and the Integrated Maritime Policy. On 4 April 2019, Parliament adopted its first reading position on the file. After lengthy interinstitutional negotiations, started after the 2019 elections, political agreement was reached on 4 December 2020. The new fund allows for more flexibility in national programmes. A greater ...

As part of the EU budget framework for the 2021-2027 period, the European Commission proposed in June 2018 a regulation to continue the fund dedicated to the Common Fisheries Policy and the Integrated Maritime Policy. On 4 April 2019, Parliament adopted its first reading position on the file. After lengthy interinstitutional negotiations, started after the 2019 elections, political agreement was reached on 4 December 2020. The new fund allows for more flexibility in national programmes. A greater focus on aquaculture is reflected in its inclusion in the name of the fund. A thorny issue in the negotiations was support for investment in fishing vessels, on which the co legislators wanted to go beyond the proposal. The compromise allows aid for vessels up to 24 metres long: support for the first acquisition of a vessel by a young fisherman, the replacement or modernisation of engines, and operations that improve safety, working conditions or energy efficiency. The measures come with restrictive conditions, such as the respect of fishing capacity ceilings. At least 15 % of Member States' allocations should be spent on control and data collection. The agreed text was endorsed by the Committee on Fisheries on 22 February 2021. After adoption by the Council, Parliament is expected to adopt the text and complete the procedure at second reading.

Support for Baltic cod and herring fisheries

05-11-2020

During the November I part-session, Parliament is due to vote on approving a provisional agreement with the Council enabling financial support for permanent cessation of fishing activities under the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund for certain Baltic Sea fisheries. The agreed text extends the scope of the Commission proposal to include not only those fishermen affected by the eastern Baltic cod closure, but also cod and herring fishermen in the western Baltic who are faced with a major reduction ...

During the November I part-session, Parliament is due to vote on approving a provisional agreement with the Council enabling financial support for permanent cessation of fishing activities under the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund for certain Baltic Sea fisheries. The agreed text extends the scope of the Commission proposal to include not only those fishermen affected by the eastern Baltic cod closure, but also cod and herring fishermen in the western Baltic who are faced with a major reduction in fishing opportunities.

EU policies – Delivering for citizens: Fisheries

28-06-2019

The European Union has sole responsibility for the conservation of its marine fisheries resources, and manages them under the common fisheries policy (CFP). Launched in 1983 and reformed every ten years since then, the CFP has come a long way. The current framework, resulting from the 2013 CFP reform, is aimed at ensuring that EU fisheries are sustainable – environmentally, economically and socially. The CFP has a dedicated financial instrument – the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF) – ...

The European Union has sole responsibility for the conservation of its marine fisheries resources, and manages them under the common fisheries policy (CFP). Launched in 1983 and reformed every ten years since then, the CFP has come a long way. The current framework, resulting from the 2013 CFP reform, is aimed at ensuring that EU fisheries are sustainable – environmentally, economically and socially. The CFP has a dedicated financial instrument – the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF) – with a budget of €6.4 billion for the 2014-2020 period. The 2013 reform introduced the target to achieve exploitation of all stocks at sustainable levels by 2020, and provided several major tools to support progress towards this goal. In particular, adoption of multiannual plans has become a priority, to ensure long-term management of stocks. An obligation to land all catches was designed to end the practice of discarding fish back into the sea. The reform also introduced regionalisation of decision-making, with the possibility to adopt conservation measures based on joint recommendations by the Member States concerned. Implementation of the reformed CFP was the main feature of the 2014-2019 parliamentary term, with legislative work making headway on several important topics. A series of multiannual plans have been launched, and four of them, concerning fisheries in the Baltic Sea, the North Sea, the Western Waters and the western Mediterranean, are now in force. The landing obligation has been phased in, as scheduled, from 2015 to 2019. The EU adopted an updated framework for collection of fisheries data to support management decisions, as well as a new system of fishing authorisations improving the monitoring of EU vessels fishing outside EU waters. EU activities have also covered different aspects of the CFP's external dimension, such as conclusion of fisheries agreements with third countries, and participation in international fisheries governance. In the future, further progress is expected on issues such as adoption of multiannual plans and the revision of the fisheries control system. The EMFF will be renewed as part of the next EU multiannual budget for 2021-2027. Taking stock of progress made in implementing the latest reform and achieving its objectives, with a view to future CFP developments, will also be on the agenda. This is an update of an earlier briefing issued in advance of the 2019 European elections.

European Maritime and Fisheries Fund 2021-2027

21-01-2019

The 2021-2027 European Maritime and Fisheries Fund is the major financial tool supporting the EU common fisheries policy (CFP). The new EMFF is focused “on evolution rather than radical changes” - and is supposed to be simpler and more flexible for the stakeholders involved. The notes on quality, research and analysis of the impact assessment concluded that the range of options, the scope and analysis of impacts, and the stakeholder consultation seem to be not always in line with the Better Regulation ...

The 2021-2027 European Maritime and Fisheries Fund is the major financial tool supporting the EU common fisheries policy (CFP). The new EMFF is focused “on evolution rather than radical changes” - and is supposed to be simpler and more flexible for the stakeholders involved. The notes on quality, research and analysis of the impact assessment concluded that the range of options, the scope and analysis of impacts, and the stakeholder consultation seem to be not always in line with the Better Regulation Guidelines for financial programmes.

Biodiversidade, natureza e solos

01-11-2017

A Conferência das Nações Unidas sobre Ambiente e Desenvolvimento de 1992 representou um grande passo em frente para a preservação da biodiversidade e a proteção da natureza graças à adoção da Convenção sobre a Diversidade Biológica (CDB). Em 2011, a UE assumiu o compromisso de travar a perda de biodiversidade e a degradação dos serviços ecossistémicos na UE até 2020. Ainda não foram atingidos outros objetivos previstos na Diretiva «Habitats» ou na Convenção sobre o Comércio Internacional das Espécies ...

A Conferência das Nações Unidas sobre Ambiente e Desenvolvimento de 1992 representou um grande passo em frente para a preservação da biodiversidade e a proteção da natureza graças à adoção da Convenção sobre a Diversidade Biológica (CDB). Em 2011, a UE assumiu o compromisso de travar a perda de biodiversidade e a degradação dos serviços ecossistémicos na UE até 2020. Ainda não foram atingidos outros objetivos previstos na Diretiva «Habitats» ou na Convenção sobre o Comércio Internacional das Espécies de Fauna e Flora Selvagens Ameaçadas de Extinção (CITES). Desde 1992, o Programa LIFE tem sido o instrumento financeiro mais importante para a proteção da biodiversidade na UE.

Defining fishing vessels' characteristics

29-03-2017

One dimension of the EU common fisheries policy consists of managing the European fishing fleet and its overall fishing capacity. Rules on the conservation of fisheries resources may vary depending on the features of fishing vessels. During its April I plenary, the Parliament is expected to vote at first reading on a proposal to recast the rules regarding technical characteristics of fishing vessels.

One dimension of the EU common fisheries policy consists of managing the European fishing fleet and its overall fishing capacity. Rules on the conservation of fisheries resources may vary depending on the features of fishing vessels. During its April I plenary, the Parliament is expected to vote at first reading on a proposal to recast the rules regarding technical characteristics of fishing vessels.

The Common Fisheries Policy: Conservation of fishery resources and management of fishing activities

21-09-2016

The Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) covers all aspects of the fishing industry. The EU has exclusive responsibility for the sustainable exploitation of living marine resources, which is subject to rules stating how, where and when different species can be caught in order, above all, to protect juveniles and marine habitats that are vulnerable to certain fishing techniques. A system of total allowable catches, divided into quotas for each Member State, rules, for many fish stocks, just how many fish ...

The Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) covers all aspects of the fishing industry. The EU has exclusive responsibility for the sustainable exploitation of living marine resources, which is subject to rules stating how, where and when different species can be caught in order, above all, to protect juveniles and marine habitats that are vulnerable to certain fishing techniques. A system of total allowable catches, divided into quotas for each Member State, rules, for many fish stocks, just how many fish may be taken. The capacity of all national fishing fleets must also be managed with a view to the availability of fish stocks. These conservation and management measures must be based on the best possible scientific advice and drawn up after consultation of all interested parties, particularly at the level of the maritime region concerned. As the measures’ impact depends on compliance by those engaged in fishing, it is necessary to have an effective system of supervision and controls. The first proposals for the implementation of the new CFP guidelines, adopted at the end of 2013, for fishing to be based on maximum sustainable yield, avoiding discards at sea, demonstrated the challenges of converting these objectives into conservation and management measures, especially in the case of multiannual, multi-species plans. However, further legislative proposals are expected soon with a view to continuing the EU’s policy of achieving the sustainable exploitation of marine life.

EYE 2016 - Hunger games

28-04-2016

Fighting hunger, poverty and disease in the world is far from a utopian game. How can we empower people to create their own sustainable future? Can we bring hunger down in a generation? What does it take to adequately feed the 9 billion people expected to live on our planet in 2050 without destroying the earth? This note has been prepared for the European Youth Event, taking place in Strasbourg in May 2016. Please click here for the full publication in PDF format

Fighting hunger, poverty and disease in the world is far from a utopian game. How can we empower people to create their own sustainable future? Can we bring hunger down in a generation? What does it take to adequately feed the 9 billion people expected to live on our planet in 2050 without destroying the earth? This note has been prepared for the European Youth Event, taking place in Strasbourg in May 2016. Please click here for the full publication in PDF format

Sustainable Forestry in Finland: ENVI Delegation in May 2016

15-04-2016

As a densely forested country, relying on a legacy of sustainable forest management and advanced forest-based industry, Finland is in a special position facing the current sustainability challenges: climate change, biodiversity loss and stagnating economy. This report, commissioned by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety, presents the history of forest management and governance as well as recent developments in climate change, energy ...

As a densely forested country, relying on a legacy of sustainable forest management and advanced forest-based industry, Finland is in a special position facing the current sustainability challenges: climate change, biodiversity loss and stagnating economy. This report, commissioned by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety, presents the history of forest management and governance as well as recent developments in climate change, energy and biodiversity policy, circular economy and bioeconomy.

Autor externo

Eeva PRIMMER, Hanna-Liisa KANGAS, Jari LISKI, Aino REKOLA, Jyri SEPPÄLÄ, Marianne KETTUNEN, Ben ALLEN, Martin NESBIT and Kamila PAQUEL

Futuros eventos

07-09-2021
EPRS online policy roundtable: What is the future of (European) sovereignty?
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EPRS
08-09-2021
EPRS online policy roundtable: Statistics, Data and Trust: Why figures matter [...]
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EPRS
21-09-2021
EPRS online Book Talk with David Harley: Matters of Record: Inside European Politics
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EPRS

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