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EU policies – Delivering for citizens: Health and social security

28-06-2019

While responsibility for health and social security lies primarily with the governments of the individual European Union (EU) Member States, the EU complements national policies, especially those with a cross-border dimension. In a recent poll conducted for the European Parliament, more than two thirds of EU citizens expressed support for increased EU action on health and social security. EU health policy aims to foster good health, protect citizens from health threats and support dynamic health ...

While responsibility for health and social security lies primarily with the governments of the individual European Union (EU) Member States, the EU complements national policies, especially those with a cross-border dimension. In a recent poll conducted for the European Parliament, more than two thirds of EU citizens expressed support for increased EU action on health and social security. EU health policy aims to foster good health, protect citizens from health threats and support dynamic health systems. It is mainly implemented through EU action programmes, currently the third health programme (2014-2020). Challenges include tackling the health needs of an ageing population and reducing the incidence of preventable chronic diseases. Since 2014, steps forward have been made in a number of areas, including antimicrobial resistance, childhood obesity, health systems, medical devices and vaccination. EU action on social security issues in the EU is closely related to the implementation of what is known as the European Pillar of Social Rights as well as labour market developments. The EU helps to promote social cohesion, seeking to foster equality as well as solidarity through adequate, accessible and financially sustainable social protection systems and social inclusion policies. EU spending on social security is tied to labour market measures. Progress can be observed on issues such as work-life balance and equal opportunities, but there is more to do. In the future, social protection schemes will need to be further adapted to the new labour market realities (fewer manufacturing jobs, atypical contracts, 'platform work', etc.). In its proposal for the 2021-2027 multiannual financial framework, the European Commission plans to boost funding to improve workers' employment opportunities, and strengthen social cohesion through an enlarged 'European Social Fund Plus'. The fund would also incorporate finance for the stand-alone health programme, with the aim of creating synergies with the other building blocks of the European Pillar of Social Rights: equal opportunities and access to the labour market; fair working conditions; and social protection and inclusion. This is an update of an earlier briefing issued in advance of the 2019 European elections.

Study in Focus: The Social Protection of Workers in the Platform Economy

21-12-2017

This note, prepared by Policy Department A for the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs, summarises the background on the phenomenon of platform work, and introduces the focus and the key findings of the recent study "The Social Protection of Workers in the Platform Economy". It then lists the key recommendations of the study to give the interested audience a quick overview on the main findings of the study.

This note, prepared by Policy Department A for the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs, summarises the background on the phenomenon of platform work, and introduces the focus and the key findings of the recent study "The Social Protection of Workers in the Platform Economy". It then lists the key recommendations of the study to give the interested audience a quick overview on the main findings of the study.

Coordination of Social Security Systems in Europe

15-12-2017

The leaflet provides a quick overview on the changes proposed by the Commission, as compared to current rules, as well as their assessment. It is based on main points of the presentation of the study on "Coordination of social security system in Europe" to the EMPL Committee on 4 December 2017.This leaflet has been prepared by the European Parliament's Policy Department A on Economic and Scientific Policy (covering the ECON-ENVI-EMPL-IMCO-ITRE Committees.

The leaflet provides a quick overview on the changes proposed by the Commission, as compared to current rules, as well as their assessment. It is based on main points of the presentation of the study on "Coordination of social security system in Europe" to the EMPL Committee on 4 December 2017.This leaflet has been prepared by the European Parliament's Policy Department A on Economic and Scientific Policy (covering the ECON-ENVI-EMPL-IMCO-ITRE Committees.

Coordination of Social Security Systems in Europe

23-11-2017

This study, prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs, provides a picture on current developments in the area of social security coordination in the EU. It assesses the functioning of coordination rules in areas targeted by the amendment proposal from the European Commission, and evaluates the proposal’s possible effects. The study highlights how some of the proposed changes could potentially impact fundamental principles of social security coordination ...

This study, prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs, provides a picture on current developments in the area of social security coordination in the EU. It assesses the functioning of coordination rules in areas targeted by the amendment proposal from the European Commission, and evaluates the proposal’s possible effects. The study highlights how some of the proposed changes could potentially impact fundamental principles of social security coordination and free movement law, such as the equal treatment principle.

Autor externo

Manuelita Mancini, Stefano Giubboni, Feliciano Iudicone

Coordination of Social Security Systems in Europe

15-11-2017

This at a glance, prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs, provides a picture on current developments in the area of social security coordination in the EU. It assesses the functioning of coordination rules in areas targeted by the amendment proposal from the European Commission, and evaluates the proposal’s possible effects. The study highlights how some of the proposed changes could potentially impact fundamental principles of social security ...

This at a glance, prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs, provides a picture on current developments in the area of social security coordination in the EU. It assesses the functioning of coordination rules in areas targeted by the amendment proposal from the European Commission, and evaluates the proposal’s possible effects. The study highlights how some of the proposed changes could potentially impact fundamental principles of social security coordination and free movement law, such as the equal treatment principle.

Autor externo

Manuelita Mancini, Stefano Giubboni, Feliciano Iudicone

Coordination of social security systems

01-02-2017

The complex system of EU rules on social security coordination needs to comply with various challenges and national circumstances. These challenges include uneven and inadequate application, the lack of transparency and lack of understanding of the existing rules, and an uncertainty about the position of cross-border workers and the benefits applicable to them. Another outstanding challenge is the most recent jurisprudence of the Court of Justice of the European Union that clarifies several important ...

The complex system of EU rules on social security coordination needs to comply with various challenges and national circumstances. These challenges include uneven and inadequate application, the lack of transparency and lack of understanding of the existing rules, and an uncertainty about the position of cross-border workers and the benefits applicable to them. Another outstanding challenge is the most recent jurisprudence of the Court of Justice of the European Union that clarifies several important rules applicable to the relation between Member States and provision of benefits to the EU citizens. The European Parliament has called on the European Commission on several occasions to update the existing legislation on the coordination of social security systems so that it would react to these challenges. Similarly, the European Economic and Social Committee has recommended that the existing legislation be updated. Furthermore, the representatives of various stakeholder groups have voiced similar requests. In December 2016, the European Commission submitted a long awaited proposal amending Regulation 883/2004 and Regulation 987/2009 dealing with the coordination of social security systems. The proposal concentrates on changes linked to a broad spectrum of issues and benefits, mainly long-term care benefits, unemployment benefits, social benefits and family benefits. This proposal provides the opportunity for improvements to be made to the currently applicable rules.

Undeclared work in the EU

28-01-2016

Undeclared work represents a large share of the shadow economy, which also includes illegal economic activities that circumvent government regulations. The European Commission defines undeclared work as any paid activities that are lawful as regards their nature but not declared to public authorities. Obtaining reliable estimates of the share of undeclared work in an economy is, by the non-registered nature of the phenomenon, very difficult. Informal employment, or employees without contracts, was ...

Undeclared work represents a large share of the shadow economy, which also includes illegal economic activities that circumvent government regulations. The European Commission defines undeclared work as any paid activities that are lawful as regards their nature but not declared to public authorities. Obtaining reliable estimates of the share of undeclared work in an economy is, by the non-registered nature of the phenomenon, very difficult. Informal employment, or employees without contracts, was found to account for one in six employed persons in Europe in the European Social Surveys of 2008-2009. The estimates of undeclared work across Member States as measured by the European Observatory Review are presented in the map below, along with the estimated evolution of the size of the shadow economy in the period between 2003 and 2013. The European Commission has proposed the creation of a European Platform to enhance cooperation in tackling undeclared work. See our ‘Legislation in Progress’ briefing for more information.

Discrimination Against Women and Young Girls in the Health Sector

08-04-2007

The aim of gender equity in health is for men and women to be treated equally where they have common needs, while at the same time addressing their differences in an equitable manner. This study examines data from 8 EU Member States to explore the issue of gender discrimination in the health sector. Specific health issues for women and young girls are also discussed in this study, for example, in relation to cancer, heart disease and lifestyle choices.

The aim of gender equity in health is for men and women to be treated equally where they have common needs, while at the same time addressing their differences in an equitable manner. This study examines data from 8 EU Member States to explore the issue of gender discrimination in the health sector. Specific health issues for women and young girls are also discussed in this study, for example, in relation to cancer, heart disease and lifestyle choices.

Autor externo

European Institute of Women's Health, Dublin

Crescimento e tendências do trabalho independente nos Estados-Membros da UE

16-11-1998

Autor externo

Kees Le Blansch, Jaap Geerlof, Denis Gregory, Peter Leisink, Kevin MacKenzie, Johan Surkyn,and Jacques Vilrokx

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