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European Regional Development Fund and Cohesion Fund 2021-2027

23-09-2021

In the context of the Multiannual Financial Framework for 2021-2027, the European Commission published a proposal for a regulation on the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the Cohesion Fund (CF) on 29 May 2018. The new single regulation on the ERDF and CF (previously covered by two separate regulations) identifies the specific objectives and scope of support for both funds, including non-eligible activities. The majority of ERDF funding will focus on smart growth and the green economy ...

In the context of the Multiannual Financial Framework for 2021-2027, the European Commission published a proposal for a regulation on the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the Cohesion Fund (CF) on 29 May 2018. The new single regulation on the ERDF and CF (previously covered by two separate regulations) identifies the specific objectives and scope of support for both funds, including non-eligible activities. The majority of ERDF funding will focus on smart growth and the green economy, while the fund will also support other activities such as connectivity, social issues and local development. The CF will continue to focus predominantly on environmental and transport infrastructure. Special provisions were proposed for territories such as urban areas and outermost regions. The indicator framework for monitoring progress will include new common results indicators. On 28 May 2020, the Commission amended the proposal to better support recovery from the coronavirus pandemic. A final political trilogue meeting took place on 9 February 2021, sealing agreement between the Council and the European Parliament. The Parliament voted on the draft regulation at its June II plenary session. The final act was signed 24 June and published in the Official Journal on 30 June 2021. Fifth edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Cohesion policy and climate change

22-03-2021

The European Green Deal and the European Union's commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions have put climate issues firmly on top of the EU agenda. However, the transition towards climate neutrality will also entail economic and social change. Cohesion policy, which accounts for about one third of the EU budget, can play an important role in tackling this challenge. The European Parliament is due to vote on an own-initiative report on 'cohesion policy and regional environment strategies in the ...

The European Green Deal and the European Union's commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions have put climate issues firmly on top of the EU agenda. However, the transition towards climate neutrality will also entail economic and social change. Cohesion policy, which accounts for about one third of the EU budget, can play an important role in tackling this challenge. The European Parliament is due to vote on an own-initiative report on 'cohesion policy and regional environment strategies in the fight against climate change' during its March II plenary session.

At a glance - Research for TRAN Committee - Transport infrastructure in low-density and depopulating areas

05-02-2021

The study investigates key challenges and trends concerning transport infrastructure in low-density and depopulating areas . It also provides a comprehensive assessment of relevant transport policies and projects already implemented as well as policy recommendations aimed at overcoming those identified challenges and gaps.

The study investigates key challenges and trends concerning transport infrastructure in low-density and depopulating areas . It also provides a comprehensive assessment of relevant transport policies and projects already implemented as well as policy recommendations aimed at overcoming those identified challenges and gaps.

Autor externo

VVA: Luca BISASCHI, Liviu CALOFIR , Jessica CARNEIRO, Davide CECCANTI, Francesco ROMANO, and Malin CARLBERG TEPR: Ian SKINNER

The public sector loan facility under the Just Transition Mechanism

21-12-2020

The public sector loan facility is the third pillar of the Just Transition Mechanism (JTM), along with the Just Transition Fund and just transition scheme under Invest EU. The facility will consist of a grant and a loan component. With the contribution of €1.525 billion for the grant component from the Union budget and EIB lending of €10 billion from its own resources, the aim is for the public sector loan facility to mobilise between €25 and 30 billion in public investment over the 2021-2027 period ...

The public sector loan facility is the third pillar of the Just Transition Mechanism (JTM), along with the Just Transition Fund and just transition scheme under Invest EU. The facility will consist of a grant and a loan component. With the contribution of €1.525 billion for the grant component from the Union budget and EIB lending of €10 billion from its own resources, the aim is for the public sector loan facility to mobilise between €25 and 30 billion in public investment over the 2021-2027 period. Funding will be available to all Member States, while focusing on the regions with the biggest transition challenges. In the European Parliament, the Committee on Budgets (BUDG) and the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) have joint responsibility for this file. Their report was adopted at a joint sitting of the two committees on 16 October 2020. Parliament subsequently confirmed the committees' mandate to open trilogue negotiations. First edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

REACT-EU recovery assistance

10-12-2020

In light of the coronavirus pandemic, the European Commission proposed the REACT-EU package for the regions most hit by the crisis. It will mobilise additional resources of €47.5 billion and offer flexibility for Member States to address the coronavirus-related challenges using EU funds. It also complements two previous Coronavirus Response Investment Initiatives delivered through cohesion policy. The European Parliament is expected to vote during its December plenary session to adopt its first-reading ...

In light of the coronavirus pandemic, the European Commission proposed the REACT-EU package for the regions most hit by the crisis. It will mobilise additional resources of €47.5 billion and offer flexibility for Member States to address the coronavirus-related challenges using EU funds. It also complements two previous Coronavirus Response Investment Initiatives delivered through cohesion policy. The European Parliament is expected to vote during its December plenary session to adopt its first-reading position on the proposed regulation, confirming the compromise political agreement reached with the Council in November.

Regiões ultraperiféricas da UE

15-05-2020

As regiões ultraperiféricas da União Europeia podem beneficiar de um tratamento especial devido a dificuldades estruturais, como o afastamento, a topografia difícil ou a dependência económica em relação a um pequeno número de produtos, que podem dificultar gravemente o seu desenvolvimento. Existem mecanismos de apoio específicos no âmbito das políticas de coesão, agrícola e das pescas, e as medidas destinadas a ajudar as regiões ultraperiféricas foram objeto de comunicações da Comissão publicadas ...

As regiões ultraperiféricas da União Europeia podem beneficiar de um tratamento especial devido a dificuldades estruturais, como o afastamento, a topografia difícil ou a dependência económica em relação a um pequeno número de produtos, que podem dificultar gravemente o seu desenvolvimento. Existem mecanismos de apoio específicos no âmbito das políticas de coesão, agrícola e das pescas, e as medidas destinadas a ajudar as regiões ultraperiféricas foram objeto de comunicações da Comissão publicadas em 2004, 2008 e 2012. No entanto, considerando que as regiões ultraperiféricas continuavam a enfrentar múltiplos desafios em domínios como a mobilidade, o desemprego e as alterações climáticas, foi aberto um debate sobre a formulação de uma nova estratégia, a qual foi publicada em outubro de 2017. Na sequência de uma ampla consulta dos interessados, a Comunicação de 2017 oferece uma nova abordagem em relação ao apoio a prestar para o desenvolvimento das regiões ultraperiféricas, otimizando os seus ativos, explorando as novas oportunidades de crescimento e de criação de emprego e centrando se mais nas suas circunstâncias e necessidades específicas. Para este fim, a Comunicação apresenta uma série de medidas concretas e coordenadas, a tomar a nível da União Europeia (UE) e a nível nacional, assim como pelas regiões ultraperiféricas, e apela a uma parceria mais forte entre as regiões ultraperiféricas, os Estados Membros e a UE. Em maio de 2018, a Comissão Europeia apresentou um vasto conjunto de propostas para o período de 2021 2027, que preveem o quadro legislativo necessário para conduzir esta estratégia após 2020. Tendo em conta as necessidades específicas das regiões ultraperiféricas num total de 21 propostas, a Comissão assegurou a continuação de muitas das medidas especiais de apoio ao seu desenvolvimento. No entanto, estas propostas receberam reações divididas por parte das regiões ultraperiféricas, em especial no que se refere às propostas relativas a uma redução das taxas de cofinanciamento e dos recursos financeiros. O Relatório da Comissão Europeia sobre a aplicação da Comunicação de 2017, publicado em março de 2020, considera que a Comunicação teve resultados concretos e que o processo de aplicação da Comunicação está a avançar na direção certa. No entanto, considerando que as regiões ultraperiféricas continuam a registar um atraso no seu desenvolvimento, é evidente que os desafios não despareceram. Falta saber se a estratégia de 2017 e as medidas especiais apresentadas para o período após 2020 serão, em conjunto, suficientes para colmatar o fosso de desigualdade em relação ao resto da UE e para alcançar os novos objetivos ambiciosos do Pacto Ecológico. O presente documento é uma versão revista e atualizada de um Briefing de janeiro de 2018.

Research for REGI Committee - Externalities of Cohesion Policy

15-10-2018

The study investigates the effects of Cohesion Policy (CP) which occur in a country other than the one in which CP resources were actually spent. The study estimates that macroeconomic spillovers significantly contribute to the impact of CP. Spillovers directed to EU countries represent around 9% of the total annual CP expenditure. Other spillovers to Non-EU countries are around 8% of the CP expenditure. Macro and micro spillovers together arrive at the 21% of the annual CP expenditure 67% of which ...

The study investigates the effects of Cohesion Policy (CP) which occur in a country other than the one in which CP resources were actually spent. The study estimates that macroeconomic spillovers significantly contribute to the impact of CP. Spillovers directed to EU countries represent around 9% of the total annual CP expenditure. Other spillovers to Non-EU countries are around 8% of the CP expenditure. Macro and micro spillovers together arrive at the 21% of the annual CP expenditure 67% of which is distributed among EU countries. Around 20% of the CP expenditure can trigger sectoral spillover effects in the environment, transport and higher education sectors. The analysis demonstrates that externalities reinforce EU growth and competitiveness without CP deserting its convergence objective.

Autor externo

Andrea Naldini, Alessandro Daraio, Gessica Vella and Enrico Wolleb, Roman Römisch

European Regional Development Fund, Cohesion Fund, a cross-border mechanism and Interreg

14-09-2018

The European Commission recently issued the legislative proposals for the spending programmes of the MFF 2021-2027, including the legislative package on cohesion policy. Three of these proposals (on the ERDF and the Cohesion fund, on a new mechanism for cross-border cooperation and on Interreg) are covered by one IA. It provides a good description of policy challenges and ‘lessons learned’ from previous programmes. Potential effects of proposed measures are, however, discussed rather generally, neglecting ...

The European Commission recently issued the legislative proposals for the spending programmes of the MFF 2021-2027, including the legislative package on cohesion policy. Three of these proposals (on the ERDF and the Cohesion fund, on a new mechanism for cross-border cooperation and on Interreg) are covered by one IA. It provides a good description of policy challenges and ‘lessons learned’ from previous programmes. Potential effects of proposed measures are, however, discussed rather generally, neglecting in particular social, environmental and other specific or indirect impacts. Additional explanations regarding the assumptions (and uncertainties) underlying the analysis would have increased the completeness, precision and accountability of the IA.

Research for REGI Committee - State aid and Cohesion Policy

05-03-2018

European Union funding co-managed by Member State authorities is considered to be a state resource that may only be granted in conformity with the rules on state aid. Compliance with both state aid and Structural Funds’ rules appears to be problematic, hence this study identifies the relevant issues in the interface between these two sets of rules and makes proposals to facilitate compliance.

European Union funding co-managed by Member State authorities is considered to be a state resource that may only be granted in conformity with the rules on state aid. Compliance with both state aid and Structural Funds’ rules appears to be problematic, hence this study identifies the relevant issues in the interface between these two sets of rules and makes proposals to facilitate compliance.

Autor externo

Professor Phedon Nicolaides PN Advisory Services Eijsderbosch 15 6228 SE Maastricht The Netherlands

Coesão económica, social e territorial

01-11-2017

A União Europeia procede ao fortalecimento da sua coesão económica, social e territorial no intuito de promover um desenvolvimento harmonioso da União como um todo. A UE pretende, nomeadamente, reduzir as disparidades entre os níveis de desenvolvimento das diversas regiões. Entre as regiões em causa, é consagrada especial atenção às zonas rurais, às zonas afetadas pela transição industrial e às regiões com limitações naturais ou demográficas graves e permanentes, tais como as regiões mais setentrionais ...

A União Europeia procede ao fortalecimento da sua coesão económica, social e territorial no intuito de promover um desenvolvimento harmonioso da União como um todo. A UE pretende, nomeadamente, reduzir as disparidades entre os níveis de desenvolvimento das diversas regiões. Entre as regiões em causa, é consagrada especial atenção às zonas rurais, às zonas afetadas pela transição industrial e às regiões com limitações naturais ou demográficas graves e permanentes, tais como as regiões mais setentrionais com densidade populacional muito baixa e as regiões insulares, transfronteiriças e de montanha.

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29-09-2021
EPRS online policy roundtable: How will Artificial Intelligence change humanity?
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30-09-2021
AIDA public hearing on AI and the data strategy
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AIDA
30-09-2021
The risks and benefits of technology in the tax area
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FISC

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