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EU framework for FDI screening

17-04-2019

On 13 September 2017, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation establishing a framework for screening foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows into the EU on grounds of security or public order. The proposal was a response to a rapidly evolving and increasingly complex investment landscape. It aimed to strike a balance between maintaining the EU's general openness to FDI inflows and ensuring that the EU's essential interests are not undermined. Recent FDI trends and policies of ...

On 13 September 2017, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation establishing a framework for screening foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows into the EU on grounds of security or public order. The proposal was a response to a rapidly evolving and increasingly complex investment landscape. It aimed to strike a balance between maintaining the EU's general openness to FDI inflows and ensuring that the EU's essential interests are not undermined. Recent FDI trends and policies of emerging FDI providers had cast doubt on the effectiveness of the decentralised and fragmented system of FDI screening – in use in only some EU Member States – to adequately address the potential (cross-border) impact of FDI inflows on security or public order without EU coordinated cooperation among all EU Member States. The proposal's objective was neither to harmonise the formal FDI screening mechanisms then used by almost half of the Member States, nor to replace them with a single EU mechanism. Instead, it aimed to enhance cooperation and information-sharing on FDI screening between the Commission and Member States, and to increase legal certainty and transparency. The European Parliament's Committee on International Trade (INTA) and the Council adopted their positions in May and June 2018 respectively, and interinstitutional negotiations concluded in November 2018 with a provisional text. That was first endorsed by the Member States' Permanent Representatives (Coreper) and by INTA in December 2018. After the text's adoption by the European Parliament and the Council in February and March 2019 respectively, it entered into force on 10 April 2019, and will apply from 11 October 2020, 18 months later. Fourth edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. Please note this document has been designed for on-line viewing.

Rebuilding the Iraqi State: Stabilisation, Governance, and Reconciliation

15-12-2017

The victory over the so-called Islamic State’s territorial rule presents a chance for the Government of Iraq to rebuild its state institutions and re-assert its authority. In this transition, will the Iraqi leadership move past cycles of failure and address the structural problems that perpetuate state weakness and facilitate the emergence of groups like ISIS? To answer this question, this paper analyses the challenges of short-term stabilisation programming with longer-term governance reform at ...

The victory over the so-called Islamic State’s territorial rule presents a chance for the Government of Iraq to rebuild its state institutions and re-assert its authority. In this transition, will the Iraqi leadership move past cycles of failure and address the structural problems that perpetuate state weakness and facilitate the emergence of groups like ISIS? To answer this question, this paper analyses the challenges of short-term stabilisation programming with longer-term governance reform at the local and national levels. It argues that, without establishing representative and responsive state institutions, the processes of reconciliation and integration will be unsuccessful. To conclude, this paper offers policy recommendations on how the EU can support the upcoming state-rebuilding process.

Autor externo

Renad MANSOUR, Research Fellow, Chatham House, United Kingdom

Instrument contributing to stability and peace: Adaptation for military actors

24-11-2017

The European Commission proposes to amend Regulation (EU) No 230/2014 establishing the Instrument Contributing to Stability and Peace (IcSP) to create the conditions to allow EU budgetary support for systematic and longer-term EU support for the security sector in third countries, including the military, through capacity-building programmes, the provision of non-lethal equipment and improvements in infrastructure. Parliament is due to vote on the proposal during the November II plenary session.

The European Commission proposes to amend Regulation (EU) No 230/2014 establishing the Instrument Contributing to Stability and Peace (IcSP) to create the conditions to allow EU budgetary support for systematic and longer-term EU support for the security sector in third countries, including the military, through capacity-building programmes, the provision of non-lethal equipment and improvements in infrastructure. Parliament is due to vote on the proposal during the November II plenary session.

Countering extremism and terrorism in Russia

11-05-2016

The Russian focus on countering extremism and terrorism has gradually shifted from a primarily home-grown problem in the northern Caucasus towards international engagement against global jihadi movements. At the same time, Moscow is sceptical about extremism being used as a 'geopolitical instrument to rearrange spheres of influence'.

The Russian focus on countering extremism and terrorism has gradually shifted from a primarily home-grown problem in the northern Caucasus towards international engagement against global jihadi movements. At the same time, Moscow is sceptical about extremism being used as a 'geopolitical instrument to rearrange spheres of influence'.

United Nations response to violent extremism

11-05-2016

Despite recurrent difficulties, the international community has developed an extensive repertoire of legal and institutional tools for global cooperation to counter terrorism. In the light of the rise of jihadi movements like ISIL/Da'esh, Al-Qaeda and Boko Haram, counterterrorism efforts have increasingly shifted towards countering violent extremism (CVE) as a threat to peace and security.

Despite recurrent difficulties, the international community has developed an extensive repertoire of legal and institutional tools for global cooperation to counter terrorism. In the light of the rise of jihadi movements like ISIL/Da'esh, Al-Qaeda and Boko Haram, counterterrorism efforts have increasingly shifted towards countering violent extremism (CVE) as a threat to peace and security.

Countering violent extremism in the USA

11-05-2016

The fight against terrorism is a key element in the United States' national security policy. The strategy for Countering Violent Extremism launched by the Obama administration in 2011 signalled a turn away from a counterterrorism policy dominated by law enforcement and intelligence towards a comprehensive strategy based on engagement with broader policy communities. Please click here for the full publication in PDF format

The fight against terrorism is a key element in the United States' national security policy. The strategy for Countering Violent Extremism launched by the Obama administration in 2011 signalled a turn away from a counterterrorism policy dominated by law enforcement and intelligence towards a comprehensive strategy based on engagement with broader policy communities. Please click here for the full publication in PDF format

Countering extremism in Arab countries

11-05-2016

Terrorist attacks in Sousse, Tunis, Beirut and the Sinai clearly show that hardly any country in the Arab world is immune to the threat posed by jihadi terrorism. Despite their different political agendas, countries in the region have been taking unprecedented steps to identify local factors in radicalisation and recruitment to violent extremism, and to prevent and counter these processes.

Terrorist attacks in Sousse, Tunis, Beirut and the Sinai clearly show that hardly any country in the Arab world is immune to the threat posed by jihadi terrorism. Despite their different political agendas, countries in the region have been taking unprecedented steps to identify local factors in radicalisation and recruitment to violent extremism, and to prevent and counter these processes.

Yemen: in a security vacuum

13-04-2015

The absence of functioning state institutions and weak security forces in Yemen provide a fertile ground for anti-government insurgency and terrorism. To date, the ongoing military conflict between the central government and Houthi rebels affects half of Yemen's 22 governorates. With 'Operation Decisive Storm' underway, many fear that we are witnessing a proxy war between regional powerhouses, with potential spillover effects across the region.

The absence of functioning state institutions and weak security forces in Yemen provide a fertile ground for anti-government insurgency and terrorism. To date, the ongoing military conflict between the central government and Houthi rebels affects half of Yemen's 22 governorates. With 'Operation Decisive Storm' underway, many fear that we are witnessing a proxy war between regional powerhouses, with potential spillover effects across the region.

EU response to Iraq's degenerating situation

20-02-2014

Iraq is suffering from a new surge in sectarian violence. The EU and the international community have expressed their concerns over the growth in instability in the country, and stressed the importance of an inclusive political process and the holding of free and fair elections, planned for April 2014.

Iraq is suffering from a new surge in sectarian violence. The EU and the international community have expressed their concerns over the growth in instability in the country, and stressed the importance of an inclusive political process and the holding of free and fair elections, planned for April 2014.

Ukraine’s Crisis Intensifies: Protests Grow More Radical, the Authorities More Repressive

24-01-2014

The first deaths have been reported – along with cases of torture and kidnapping – in two months of anti-government demonstrations and government recalcitrance in Ukraine. Since President Viktor Yanukovych applied the brakes to the country’s advancing Association Agreement with the EU, the country has faced political and popular turmoil, with opposing positions increasingly entrenched and demonstrations increasingly marred by violence. The ruling Party of Regions has de facto retreated from its European ...

The first deaths have been reported – along with cases of torture and kidnapping – in two months of anti-government demonstrations and government recalcitrance in Ukraine. Since President Viktor Yanukovych applied the brakes to the country’s advancing Association Agreement with the EU, the country has faced political and popular turmoil, with opposing positions increasingly entrenched and demonstrations increasingly marred by violence. The ruling Party of Regions has de facto retreated from its European orientation with the adoption of repressive legislation curtailing basic freedoms and with President Yanukovych negotiating new agreements with Moscow. Weak in the parliament, the political opposition has appeared divided on the street. Byelections held in December 2013 yielded results at odds with those predicted by exit polls and were criticised by international observers; they may serve as a worrisome portent for presidential elections scheduled for 2015. The EU’s High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Catherine Ashton has said the EU must work towards a ‘political solution to the current crisis.’ EP President Martin Schulz has taken a particular stance on protestors’ calls for elections, saying that any ‘reasonable President’ who believes his voters stands behind him ‘would consider new elections’. While the EU has not articulated a clear policy on its Ukrainian Eastern Partner, it will need to do so to maintain its credibility as a promoter of democracy and regional actor.

Futuros eventos

01-12-2020
FISC Public Hearing on 1st December 2020
Audição -
FISC
01-12-2020
Inter-parliamentary Committee meeting on the Evaluation of Eurojust Activities
Outro evento -
LIBE
02-12-2020
Public Hearing on AI and Health
Audição -
AIDA

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