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Reducing greenhouse gas emissions post-2020

11-04-2018

The EU aims to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to 40 % below 1990 levels by 2030, to meet its international commitment under the Paris Agreement on climate change. In sectors not covered by the EU emission trading system (EU ETS), this reduction effort is shared between the EU Member States. In the land use and forestry sector, each Member State should balance emissions and removals. During its April plenary session, Parliament is due to vote on proposed regulations on post-2020 effort ...

The EU aims to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to 40 % below 1990 levels by 2030, to meet its international commitment under the Paris Agreement on climate change. In sectors not covered by the EU emission trading system (EU ETS), this reduction effort is shared between the EU Member States. In the land use and forestry sector, each Member State should balance emissions and removals. During its April plenary session, Parliament is due to vote on proposed regulations on post-2020 effort sharing in the non-ETS sectors and on emissions/removals from land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF). Along with the recently revised EU ETS Directive, these regulations complete the legislative framework for EU climate policy after 2020.

Main Issues at Stake for the 27th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol

12-10-2015

Four proposals to regulate hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) under the Montreal Protocol, including one from the European Union, are expected to dominate discussions at the 27th Meeting of the Parties (MOP 27) for this international agreement. HFCs are replacements for ozone-depleting substances and have a strong impact on global warming; the issue raises questions about links between the Montreal and Kyoto Protocols. Ahead of MOP 27, Parties to the Montreal Protocol remain divided on the way forward and ...

Four proposals to regulate hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) under the Montreal Protocol, including one from the European Union, are expected to dominate discussions at the 27th Meeting of the Parties (MOP 27) for this international agreement. HFCs are replacements for ozone-depleting substances and have a strong impact on global warming; the issue raises questions about links between the Montreal and Kyoto Protocols. Ahead of MOP 27, Parties to the Montreal Protocol remain divided on the way forward and the outcome of discussions is unclear. This study was provided by Policy Department A for the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI).

Autor externo

Erik Klaassens, Paola Banfi, Mariya Gancheva, Sophie Vancauwenbergh and Tony Zamparutti

The Development of Climate Negotiations in View of Warsaw (COP 19)

15-10-2013

This report provides an overview of the development of the negotiations within the UNFCCC since COP 18 in Doha. It summarises the key developments in 2013 and provides short overviews for all negotiation areas. The overview also includes a state of play of the Doha Climate Gateway and explains the position of the main Parties and negotiation groups. It is supplemented by short overviews for individual countries and stakeholder groups.

This report provides an overview of the development of the negotiations within the UNFCCC since COP 18 in Doha. It summarises the key developments in 2013 and provides short overviews for all negotiation areas. The overview also includes a state of play of the Doha Climate Gateway and explains the position of the main Parties and negotiation groups. It is supplemented by short overviews for individual countries and stakeholder groups.

Autor externo

Anke Herold, Martin Cames, Anne Siemons, Lukas Emele and Vanessa Cook (Öko-Institut e.V.)

Adapting to a changing climate in Europe: Strategies for reducing risk and building resilience

14-10-2013

The changing climate affects many sectors of business and society. Different kinds of adap­tation measures are needed for each situ­ation – there is no one-size fits all approach. In the EU, adaptation is primarily the responsibility of Member States and local actors. The European Commission (EC) supports coordination, research and knowledge-sharing. In April 2013, the ECadopted an EU adaptation strategy, which sets out EU actions and promotes actions by Member States.

The changing climate affects many sectors of business and society. Different kinds of adap­tation measures are needed for each situ­ation – there is no one-size fits all approach. In the EU, adaptation is primarily the responsibility of Member States and local actors. The European Commission (EC) supports coordination, research and knowledge-sharing. In April 2013, the ECadopted an EU adaptation strategy, which sets out EU actions and promotes actions by Member States.

Main Issues at Stake for the MOP 25 to the Montreal Protocol

03-10-2013

At the 25th Meeting of the Parties (MOP 25) to the Montreal Protocol, two proposals to regulate hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) are expected to be the key topic of discussion. HFCs are replacements for ozone-depleting substances and have a strong impact on global warming; the issue raises questions about links between the Montreal and Kyoto Protocols. MOP 25 will also discuss the replenishment of the Multilateral Fund that supports implementation of the Protocol. Requests for exemptions to allow certain ...

At the 25th Meeting of the Parties (MOP 25) to the Montreal Protocol, two proposals to regulate hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) are expected to be the key topic of discussion. HFCs are replacements for ozone-depleting substances and have a strong impact on global warming; the issue raises questions about links between the Montreal and Kyoto Protocols. MOP 25 will also discuss the replenishment of the Multilateral Fund that supports implementation of the Protocol. Requests for exemptions to allow certain uses of CFCs and methyl bromide to continue will be another key topic.

Autor externo

Jip Lenstra (Ecorys) , Paola Banfi, Florent Pelsy, Sophie Vancauwenbergh and Tony Zamparutti (Milieu Ltd.)

The Development of Climate Negotiations in View of Durban (COP 17)

15-11-2011

This report provides an overview of the development of the negotiations within the UNFCCC since COP 17 in Durban. It summarises the key developments in 2011 and provides short overviews for all negotiation areas. The overview also includes a state of play of the Cancún Agreement and explains the position of the main Parties and negotiation groups. It is supplemented by short overviews for individual countries and stakeholder groups.

This report provides an overview of the development of the negotiations within the UNFCCC since COP 17 in Durban. It summarises the key developments in 2011 and provides short overviews for all negotiation areas. The overview also includes a state of play of the Cancún Agreement and explains the position of the main Parties and negotiation groups. It is supplemented by short overviews for individual countries and stakeholder groups.

Autor externo

Anke Herold, Martin Cames and Vanessa Cook (Öko-Institut e.V.)

State of play of Post-Bali negotiations

26-03-2008

Autor externo

Dr N. Höhne Ecofys GmbH, Eupener Str 59, 50933 Cologne Germany

Climate Change Legislation and Initiatives at International Level and Design options for Future International Climate Policy

05-12-2007

Autor externo

Dr. Niklas Höhne Sara Moltmann Dr. Martina Jung Christian Ellermann Markus Hagemann

Limiting Global Climate Change to 2°C: the way ahead for 2020 and beyond

02-07-2007

Autor externo

IEEP, Kristof Geeraerts

WHAT CONTRIBUTION CAN TRADE POLICY MAKE TOWARDS COMBATING CLIMATE CHANGE?

02-07-2007

This report covers three different but related issues in international trade and climate change. First, by comparing the climate impacts of specific EU-produced goods with their imported counterparts, the report quantifies some of the ways in which international trade contributes to increased global greenhouse gas emissions. Secondly, the report examines ways in which market-based policy instruments could be employed within the context of trade policy. Lastly, the report examines the legal opportunities ...

This report covers three different but related issues in international trade and climate change. First, by comparing the climate impacts of specific EU-produced goods with their imported counterparts, the report quantifies some of the ways in which international trade contributes to increased global greenhouse gas emissions. Secondly, the report examines ways in which market-based policy instruments could be employed within the context of trade policy. Lastly, the report examines the legal opportunities and obstacles to employing trade-related measures as a means of combating climate change, including the possibilities for altering the WTO rules. The climate impacts of trade are substantial and key mechanisms exist that could help deal with these impacts, although full realisation of these opportunities requires the establishment of clear institutional and legal frameworks.

Autor externo

R. Andreas Kraemer (Ecologic) Dr. Friedrich Hinterberger (SERI) Richard Tarasofsky (Chatham House)

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