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This paper provides an overview of current initiatives and actions aiming at reinforcing the anti-money laundering (AML) supervisory and regulatory framework in the EU, in particular from a Banking Union perspective. This briefing first outlines the EU framework for fighting money laundering, which includes legislation (most notably the 5th AML Directive) and a number of Commission and Council Action Plans. Secondly, an overview of AML prevention relevant authorities, at both the EU and national ...

Initial coin offerings (ICOs) are a relatively new method of raising capital for early-stage ventures. They allow businesses to raise capital for their projects, by issuing digital tokens in exchange for crypto assets or fiat currencies. They constitute an alternative to more traditional sources of start-up funding such as venture capital (VC) and angel finance. ICOs can potentially offer advantages in comparison with traditional ways of raising capital. At the same time, their opacity and the general ...

On 1 May 2021, the Trade and Cooperation Agreement (TCA) between the European Union (EU) and the United Kingdom (UK) entered into force, having been provisionally applied since 1 January 2021. One of the areas covered by the TCA, in its Part Three, is security cooperation between EU and UK law enforcement and judicial authorities in criminal matters. The 13 titles under Part Three contain extensive provisions aimed at enabling the continuation of information exchange, including personal data, between ...

Over the past three decades, the European Union has constantly improved its framework to fight money laundering and terrorist financing. Despite the constant improvements, the existing framework still suffers from some shortcomings. In 2020, the European Commission therefore presented an action plan for a new single EU anti-money laundering system, outlining areas for future proposals that the European Commission will present in a package in spring 2021. The main areas for this 2021 package will ...

This note is prepared in view of a regular public hearing with the Chair of the Supervisory Board of the European Central Bank (ECB), Andrea Enria, which will take place on 27 October 2020. The briefing addresses (i) recent supervisory measures in response to the COVID-19 crisis, including an overview of the ECB’s COVID-19 vulnerability analysis and a discussion on the effectiveness of certain capital relief measures; (ii) the SSM’s response to the European Parliament’s 2019 Banking Union Report ...

During the first October 2020 plenary session in Brussels, Parliament held a debate on the rule of law and fundamental rights in the context of introducing conditionality measures in the framework of the 2021 2027 multiannual financial framework (MFF) and Next Generation EU. In parallel, Parliament's negotiating team on the next MFF announced a pause in talks, due to concerns over the Council's lack of engagement on the key issue of top-ups for 15 flagship EU programmes. Parliament also discussed ...

The EU has made substantial progress in terms of protecting its citizens since the early 1990s, often in response to dramatic incidents, such as mafia or other organised crime group murders, big money-laundering scandals, a steep increase in migrant smuggling and trafficking in human beings following the 2015 migration crisis, or – more recently – a sharp rise in cybercrime, fraud and counterfeiting during the coronavirus pandemic. Criminal organisations continue to pose big risks to the internal ...

The study evaluates four measures discussed by the European Parliament, the European Commission and others to improve anti-money laundering policy: identifying high-risk countries through blacklisting, reducing laundering through letterbox or shell companies, harmonising EU AML policies through regulations and strengthening the European executive. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and ...

Country Specific Recommendations for 2020

Analiză aprofundată 27-05-2020

This document compiles all the economic policy recommendations for 2020 as proposed by the Commission on 20 May 2020. The Council is expected to adopt these recommendations in July. The document also provides an overview of specific policy areas addressed in these recommendations to EU Member States.

This study evaluates four measures discussed by the European Parliament, the European Commission and others, to improve anti-money laundering policy. First, identifying high-risk countries through blacklisting. Second, reducing laundering through letterbox or shell companies. Third, harmonising EU AML policies through regulations. Fourth, strengthening the European executive, e.g. through a European public prosecutor, a European FIU, a European supervisor, or a European police also in the light of ...