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EU policy on air quality: Implementation of selected legislation

18-01-2022

Even though air pollution in Europe has seen a decreasing trend in recent years, it is still the cause of the premature death of around 400 000 EU citizens per year. The EU has established a policy framework on air quality, which employs legal regulation as a main policy instrument. This European Implementation Assessment, prepared by EPRS in support of a dedicated implementation report of the ENVI Committee, shows that policy implementation at all levels of governance needs to be improved to ensure ...

Even though air pollution in Europe has seen a decreasing trend in recent years, it is still the cause of the premature death of around 400 000 EU citizens per year. The EU has established a policy framework on air quality, which employs legal regulation as a main policy instrument. This European Implementation Assessment, prepared by EPRS in support of a dedicated implementation report of the ENVI Committee, shows that policy implementation at all levels of governance needs to be improved to ensure the EU policy objectives are fully met. The study comes up with recommendations that could be applied in urban areas, which are the ones most affected by air pollution exceedances.

Social media communication by the Heads of State or Government in the European Council: a comprehensive analysis of EU Leaders’ discourse on Europe via Twitter

07-01-2021

Over recent years, the members of the European Council have, in a number of landmark declarations such as the Bratislava Declaration, pointed to the need to improve communication with citizens, as part of the process of building greater trust and confidence in the European Union and its institutions. As social media, and notably Twitter, have become an important part of politicians' communication strategy generally, this study looks specifically at how EU leaders in the European Council communicate ...

Over recent years, the members of the European Council have, in a number of landmark declarations such as the Bratislava Declaration, pointed to the need to improve communication with citizens, as part of the process of building greater trust and confidence in the European Union and its institutions. As social media, and notably Twitter, have become an important part of politicians' communication strategy generally, this study looks specifically at how EU leaders in the European Council communicate on Europe via Twitter. This EPRS study explores provides an overview of the activity on Twitter of all members of the European Council over an 18-month period – in just over 31 000 tweets posted between January 2019 and June 2020 – covering a very wide range of issues. The study identifies the European topics that EU-27 leaders tweet about – their own interactions, external relations and the EU budget – and it explores the ways in which they communicate and engage with their target audiences, as well as pointing to differences of approach between them. EU-related tweets represent on average about a fifth of all EU leaders' tweets, with a greater emphasis on meetings as such than on substantive policy issues.

Outcome of the meetings of EU leaders on 10 and 11 December 2020

15-12-2020

On Thursday 10 and Friday 11 December 2020, the European Council agreed on clarifications to the rule-of-law conditionality mechanism, which pave the way for the adoption of the Multiannual Financial Framework and the Next Generation EU recovery fund. The language used by EU leaders in their conclusions satisfied all actors involved, and avoided triggering renegotiation of the compromise reached between the co-legislators on the proposed regulation on rule-of-law conditionality. EU leaders also achieved ...

On Thursday 10 and Friday 11 December 2020, the European Council agreed on clarifications to the rule-of-law conditionality mechanism, which pave the way for the adoption of the Multiannual Financial Framework and the Next Generation EU recovery fund. The language used by EU leaders in their conclusions satisfied all actors involved, and avoided triggering renegotiation of the compromise reached between the co-legislators on the proposed regulation on rule-of-law conditionality. EU leaders also achieved a significant breakthrough in combating climate change, by committing to a binding EU reduction in greenhouse gas emissions of at least 55 % by 2030. Moreover, the European Council discussed the development, purchase and the EU-wide distribution of effective vaccines against Covid-19 and stressed the need to take forward proposals for a health union. EU leaders also agreed to step up the fight against radicalisation, terrorism and violent extremism.

Air services: Revision of Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008

15-12-2020

New rules regulating the air services are expected by the end of year. The basic legal act organising the internal EU aviation market, namely Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008, is expected to be revised by the European Commission, after being evaluated in 2019.

New rules regulating the air services are expected by the end of year. The basic legal act organising the internal EU aviation market, namely Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008, is expected to be revised by the European Commission, after being evaluated in 2019.

Strengthening digital operational resilience in the financial sector

11-12-2020

This briefing provides an analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment (IA) accompanying Commission proposals to strengthen digital operational resilience in the EU, which are part of the digital finance package. The IA would have benefited from a more balanced set of options, and it would have been useful to further clarify the arguments supporting the choice between options 2 and 3. The assessment of social impacts is very limited, and the competitiveness ...

This briefing provides an analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment (IA) accompanying Commission proposals to strengthen digital operational resilience in the EU, which are part of the digital finance package. The IA would have benefited from a more balanced set of options, and it would have been useful to further clarify the arguments supporting the choice between options 2 and 3. The assessment of social impacts is very limited, and the competitiveness aspect raised could also have been discussed at greater length. The IA estimates that the initiative would benefit SMEs in terms of reduced administrative burden and improved capacity to operate in a cross-border context. In addition to the qualitative assessment, the IA provides quantified estimates, openly recognising some data limitations.

Outlook for the meetings of EU leaders on 10-11 December 2020

09-12-2020

On 10 and 11 December, EU leaders will meet for their 13th meeting of 2020, bringing to a close a year of exceptionally intensive activity for the European Council. EU Heads of State or Government will address a packed agenda, covering most of 2020's key issues: the coronavirus pandemic, climate change – notably the new EU greenhouse gas emissions reduction targets for 2030 – and the fight against terrorism, as well as various external relations issues, such as relations with the US and with Turkey ...

On 10 and 11 December, EU leaders will meet for their 13th meeting of 2020, bringing to a close a year of exceptionally intensive activity for the European Council. EU Heads of State or Government will address a packed agenda, covering most of 2020's key issues: the coronavirus pandemic, climate change – notably the new EU greenhouse gas emissions reduction targets for 2030 – and the fight against terrorism, as well as various external relations issues, such as relations with the US and with Turkey. Two crucial issues, which are not on the formal agenda but could dominate discussions, are rule-of-law conditionality for the 2021-27 Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) and the EU-UK negotiations. EU leaders are also expected to appoint a new member of the European Central Bank's executive board. The Euro Summit on 11 December will focus on the revision of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) treaty and on progress towards a banking union.

Key issues in the European Council: State of play in December 2020

09-12-2020

This EPRS publication, 'Key issues in the European Council', is updated quarterly to coincide with European Council meetings. It aims to provide an overview of the institution’s activities on major EU issues, by analysing twelve broad policy areas, explaining the legal and political background and the main priorities and orientations defined by the European Council in each field. It also assesses the results of European Council involvement in these policy areas to date, and identifies future challenges ...

This EPRS publication, 'Key issues in the European Council', is updated quarterly to coincide with European Council meetings. It aims to provide an overview of the institution’s activities on major EU issues, by analysing twelve broad policy areas, explaining the legal and political background and the main priorities and orientations defined by the European Council in each field. It also assesses the results of European Council involvement in these policy areas to date, and identifies future challenges in the various policy fields.

Implementation of the Employment Equality Directive in light of the UN CRPD

03-12-2020

3 December marks the International Day of Persons with Disabilities. EPRS has prepared a study on the implementation of the Employment Equality Directive in light of the UN CRPD, in support of the ongoing EMPL implementation report. The study places a particular focus on reasonable accommodation, positive action, sanctions and equality bodies, and also to employment-related data regarding persons with disabilities.

3 December marks the International Day of Persons with Disabilities. EPRS has prepared a study on the implementation of the Employment Equality Directive in light of the UN CRPD, in support of the ongoing EMPL implementation report. The study places a particular focus on reasonable accommodation, positive action, sanctions and equality bodies, and also to employment-related data regarding persons with disabilities.

Setting the 2030 GHG emissions reduction target

02-12-2020

The Commission proposed to set the 55 % greenhouse gas emissions reduction target (compared to 1990 levels) by 2030. The supporting impact assessment is in line with the requirements of the Better Regulation Guidelines when it comes to the combined use of qualitative and quantitative methods and tools, as well as taking on board the Regulatory Scrutiny Board's recommendations. However, the discussion of the socio-economic or environmental implications of the problem identified, the formulation of ...

The Commission proposed to set the 55 % greenhouse gas emissions reduction target (compared to 1990 levels) by 2030. The supporting impact assessment is in line with the requirements of the Better Regulation Guidelines when it comes to the combined use of qualitative and quantitative methods and tools, as well as taking on board the Regulatory Scrutiny Board's recommendations. However, the discussion of the socio-economic or environmental implications of the problem identified, the formulation of objectives, the range of scenarios and their comparison based on the mandatory criteria of efficiency, effectiveness, coherence and proportionality and the impact on SMEs fall short of the Better Regulation Guidelines.

Protection of workers from exposure to carcinogens or mutagens: Fourth proposal

30-11-2020

The impact assessment (IA) defines clearly the problem and its underlying drivers. The IA considers a wide range of options, and those retained for further assessment appear to be reasonable and/or justified. However, the IA would have benefited from providing greater clarity on those components that were either included in (short-term exposure limit values) or excluded (biological limit values) from the preferred options. The analysis of impacts focuses on their economic and social dimension, mainly ...

The impact assessment (IA) defines clearly the problem and its underlying drivers. The IA considers a wide range of options, and those retained for further assessment appear to be reasonable and/or justified. However, the IA would have benefited from providing greater clarity on those components that were either included in (short-term exposure limit values) or excluded (biological limit values) from the preferred options. The analysis of impacts focuses on their economic and social dimension, mainly linked to health. Environmental impacts are found to be limited or small but positive, but the analysis could have been substantiated more thoroughly. A cost-benefit analysis of the transitional occupational exposure limit values included in the preferred options was not performed. Stakeholders' opinions have been satisfactorily reported. Finally, the IA appears to have addressed most of the RSB's recommendations and the legislative proposal seems to be consistent with the analysis carried out in the IA.

Evenimente viitoare

20-01-2021
EPRS online policy roundtable with the World Bank: Where next for the global economy
Alt eveniment -
EPRS
25-01-2021
Public Hearing on "Gender aspects of precarious work"
Audiere -
FEMM
27-01-2021
Public hearing on AI and Green Deal
Audiere -
AIDA

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