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Structural Budget Balances in EU Member States - November 2019

14-11-2019

Structural budget balances play an important role in the fiscal policy frameworks of the EU both as part of the application of the Stability and Growth Pact (SGP) and in the implementation of the balanced budget rule by the contracting parties of the intergovernmental Treaty on Stability, Coordination and Governance in the EMU (the fiscal section of the Treaty is called “Fiscal Compact”). This document provides a short overview of the concept and application of the structural balance rule(s) in ...

Structural budget balances play an important role in the fiscal policy frameworks of the EU both as part of the application of the Stability and Growth Pact (SGP) and in the implementation of the balanced budget rule by the contracting parties of the intergovernmental Treaty on Stability, Coordination and Governance in the EMU (the fiscal section of the Treaty is called “Fiscal Compact”). This document provides a short overview of the concept and application of the structural balance rule(s) in the EU. It will be regularly updated, in particular, the Annex that shows progress made (based on the latest Commission forecast) by Member States in reaching their structural budget commitments under the preventive arm of the SGP.

The advisory European Fiscal Board

13-11-2019

This note provides an overview of the main features and recent developments regarding the advisory European Fiscal Board. This body was established by the European Commission in October 2015, in the context of the implementation of an “integrated framework for sound fiscal policies”, proposed in the Five Presidents' Report of June 2015. The Annex presents excerpts from the latest Annual Reports published by the board.

This note provides an overview of the main features and recent developments regarding the advisory European Fiscal Board. This body was established by the European Commission in October 2015, in the context of the implementation of an “integrated framework for sound fiscal policies”, proposed in the Five Presidents' Report of June 2015. The Annex presents excerpts from the latest Annual Reports published by the board.

Macro-Financial Assistance to EU Member States - State of Play, November 2019

08-11-2019

This document provides regularly updated information on EU Member States which receive or received financial assistance from the ESM, EFSF, EFSM, the EU balance of payments assistance facility, other Member States and/or the IMF. Against the background that since August 2018 all financial assistance programmes to EU Member States have been concluded, the document focuses now on the implementation of the enhanced surveillance framework for Greece and post-programme reviews (including IMF Article IV ...

This document provides regularly updated information on EU Member States which receive or received financial assistance from the ESM, EFSF, EFSM, the EU balance of payments assistance facility, other Member States and/or the IMF. Against the background that since August 2018 all financial assistance programmes to EU Member States have been concluded, the document focuses now on the implementation of the enhanced surveillance framework for Greece and post-programme reviews (including IMF Article IV assessments) for Ireland, Portugal, Romania and Spain undertaken by the European Commission (EC) in liaison with the ECB (Post-Programme Surveillance, PPS), the IMF (Post-Programme Monitoring, PPM) and the ESM (Early Warning System, EWS).

An overview of the Stability and Growth Pact - September 2019

10-09-2019

The Stability and Growth Pact (SGP) is the legal framework (based on primary and secondary EU law) that seeks to ensure sustainable public finances in the interest of the stability of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). It consists of two main building blocks: the preventive arm and the corrective arm. Stylised overviews, including on flexibility provisions (endorsed by the Council) within the existing rules of the SGP, are provided in the annexes. The main sources used in this briefing are primary ...

The Stability and Growth Pact (SGP) is the legal framework (based on primary and secondary EU law) that seeks to ensure sustainable public finances in the interest of the stability of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). It consists of two main building blocks: the preventive arm and the corrective arm. Stylised overviews, including on flexibility provisions (endorsed by the Council) within the existing rules of the SGP, are provided in the annexes. The main sources used in this briefing are primary Union law (Articles 121 and 126 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union), secondary Union law (the amended Regulations (EC) 1466/97 and 1467/97 as well as the Regulation (EU) No 1173/2011), the Code of Conduction on the implementation of the SGP and the Commission Communication entitled ‘Making the best use of flexibility within the existing rules of the SGP’.

Semestrul European: Principalele etape la nivelul UE

07-05-2019

Semestrul european pentru coordonarea politicilor economice: Etape și participanți principali.

Semestrul european pentru coordonarea politicilor economice: Etape și participanți principali.

Growth prospects, the natural interest rate, and monetary policy

03-12-2018

The recovery from the Global Financial Crisis was characterized by sluggish output growth and by inflation remaining persistently below the inflation targets of central banks in many advanced economies despite an unprecedented monetary expansion. Ten years after the Global Financial Crisis, GDP remains below its pre-crisis trend in many economies and interest rates continue to be very low worldwide. This raises the question of whether low GDP growth and low interest rates are a temporary phenomenon ...

The recovery from the Global Financial Crisis was characterized by sluggish output growth and by inflation remaining persistently below the inflation targets of central banks in many advanced economies despite an unprecedented monetary expansion. Ten years after the Global Financial Crisis, GDP remains below its pre-crisis trend in many economies and interest rates continue to be very low worldwide. This raises the question of whether low GDP growth and low interest rates are a temporary phenomenon or are due to a decline in long-run growth prospects (potential output growth) and equilibrium real interest rates (natural interest rate). In this paper, we address this for central banks very important question and discuss implications for monetary policy. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs.

Autor extern

S. FIEDLER, K.-J. GERN, N. JANNSEN (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), M. WOLTERS (Friedrich Schiller University Jena)

A monetary policy framework for the European Central Bank to deal with uncertainty

03-12-2018

We argue that monetary policy faces different challenges to those faced during the period of the great moderation. Greater uncertainties over the ability of monetary policy to control inflation, the instruments that should be used and their effects on financial stability imply that we need to rethink whether the current framework is appropriate. We recommend a few adaptions to the current framework that would provide greater flexibility to the European Central Bank without departing very far from ...

We argue that monetary policy faces different challenges to those faced during the period of the great moderation. Greater uncertainties over the ability of monetary policy to control inflation, the instruments that should be used and their effects on financial stability imply that we need to rethink whether the current framework is appropriate. We recommend a few adaptions to the current framework that would provide greater flexibility to the European Central Bank without departing very far from current practices (to avoid risking the credibility that the ECB has acquired since its inception). This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs.

Autor extern

Grégory Claeys, Maria Demertzis, Jan Mazza

Does a single monetary policy need a single fiscal counterpart?

29-11-2018

The absence of a single fiscal policy in the euro area does not necessarily constitute a problem for the ECB. In a deep financial crisis poorly coordinated national fiscal policies are likely to be insufficient. But outside crisis periods spill-over effects of fiscal policy are likely to be small and of uncertain sign. Moreover, fiscal policy is always subject to policy errors and other shocks. With many different national policies, individual errors and shocks would tend to cancel out each other ...

The absence of a single fiscal policy in the euro area does not necessarily constitute a problem for the ECB. In a deep financial crisis poorly coordinated national fiscal policies are likely to be insufficient. But outside crisis periods spill-over effects of fiscal policy are likely to be small and of uncertain sign. Moreover, fiscal policy is always subject to policy errors and other shocks. With many different national policies, individual errors and shocks would tend to cancel out each other, at least partially, thus delivering a more stable policy in the aggregate, which should facilitate the task of the ECB to maintain price stability. EMU reform efforts should thus not aim at creating a unified fiscal policy. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs.

Autor extern

Daniel Gros, CEPS

Monetary policy implications of transitory vs. permanently subdued growth prospects (“secular stagnation”)

29-11-2018

Since the start of the global financial crisis, per-capita income growth has stagnated in many advanced economies. Some scholars have interpreted the lack of growth as a temporary phenomenon caused by the legacy of the crisis. Others view the lower long-term growth as a consequence of an unfavourable evolution of the productive inputs (labour and capital) as well as of productivity. Against this background, the current paper examines the long-run evolution of the euro area economy, and suggests some ...

Since the start of the global financial crisis, per-capita income growth has stagnated in many advanced economies. Some scholars have interpreted the lack of growth as a temporary phenomenon caused by the legacy of the crisis. Others view the lower long-term growth as a consequence of an unfavourable evolution of the productive inputs (labour and capital) as well as of productivity. Against this background, the current paper examines the long-run evolution of the euro area economy, and suggests some causes for this low-growth phenomenon. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs.

Autor extern

Eddie Gerba, London School of Economics

Monetary policy with transitory vs. permanently low growth

29-11-2018

The recent economic slowdown in the euro area depends on supply-side and demand-side factors with different conse-quences on potential output. On the one hand, it may grow at a low pace for a long time; on the other hand, it may soon grow a bit faster. The ECB strategy has to adapt to these different possible outcomes. Anyway, we argue that the ECB has rooms for manoeuvre whatever the trend in output. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and ...

The recent economic slowdown in the euro area depends on supply-side and demand-side factors with different conse-quences on potential output. On the one hand, it may grow at a low pace for a long time; on the other hand, it may soon grow a bit faster. The ECB strategy has to adapt to these different possible outcomes. Anyway, we argue that the ECB has rooms for manoeuvre whatever the trend in output. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs.

Autor extern

Christophe BLOT, Jérôme CREEL and Paul HUBERT

Evenimente viitoare

20-11-2019
Europe's Future: Where next for EU institutional Reform?
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