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Nomination of a Polish member of the European Court of Auditors

10-12-2020

On 29 October 2020, the Polish government proposed the nomination of Marek Opioła, as a candidate for membership of the European Court of Auditors (ECA). There is currently no Polish member of the ECA, since Janusz Wojciechowski took office as European Commissioner on 1 December 2019. The European Parliament's Committee on Budgetary Control (CONT) held a hearing with the nominee on 7 December, and subsequently delivered an unfavourable opinion. A vote in plenary is scheduled for the December plenary ...

On 29 October 2020, the Polish government proposed the nomination of Marek Opioła, as a candidate for membership of the European Court of Auditors (ECA). There is currently no Polish member of the ECA, since Janusz Wojciechowski took office as European Commissioner on 1 December 2019. The European Parliament's Committee on Budgetary Control (CONT) held a hearing with the nominee on 7 December, and subsequently delivered an unfavourable opinion. A vote in plenary is scheduled for the December plenary session.

Nominations for Members of the European Court of Auditors

02-12-2020

On the occasion of the nomination of a new Polish member for the Court of Auditors, this briefing describes the national nomination process and the roles of EP and Council.

On the occasion of the nomination of a new Polish member for the Court of Auditors, this briefing describes the national nomination process and the roles of EP and Council.

Amending Budget No 9/2020: Mobilisation of the EU Solidarity Fund

19-11-2020

Draft Amending Budget N°9/2020 (DAB 9/2020) accompanies the proposal to mobilise the European Union Solidarity Fund (EUSF) for a total of €823.5 million to provide assistance to Croatia and Poland in relation to natural disasters, and advance payments to seven Member States relating to a public health emergency. DAB 9/2020 proposes to enter in the 2020 general budget a total of €734.6 million in commitments and payments, after deducting the advance already paid to Croatia. The European Parliament ...

Draft Amending Budget N°9/2020 (DAB 9/2020) accompanies the proposal to mobilise the European Union Solidarity Fund (EUSF) for a total of €823.5 million to provide assistance to Croatia and Poland in relation to natural disasters, and advance payments to seven Member States relating to a public health emergency. DAB 9/2020 proposes to enter in the 2020 general budget a total of €734.6 million in commitments and payments, after deducting the advance already paid to Croatia. The European Parliament is set to vote on the Council position on DAB 9/2020 and on the proposal to mobilise the EUSF during the November II plenary session.

Access to Abortion Services for Women in the EU - Croatia

30-10-2020

An In-depth Analysis commissioned by the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee. The paper is divided into six parts. The first part of the paper defines what is meant by the term sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) according to the most important international and regional human rights instruments. The second part analyses the legal framework of the EU Member States regarding access to abortion services ...

An In-depth Analysis commissioned by the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee. The paper is divided into six parts. The first part of the paper defines what is meant by the term sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) according to the most important international and regional human rights instruments. The second part analyses the legal framework of the EU Member States regarding access to abortion services while the third part focuses on the problems caused by the COVID - 19 pandemic in access to abortion. The fourth part deals with the problems caused by the pandemic in the two countries with the most restrictive abortion regimes in the EU, Poland and Malta. The fifth part of the paper sheds light on the importance of civil society in the protection of women's SRHR. Finally, the sixth part of the paper assesses the importance of the solutions adopted in the protection of access to abortion services during the COVID -19 pandemic. In this context, telemedicine for early medical abortions is particularly important.

Autor extern

Anita Blagojević, Faculty of Law, Osijek, Croatia Ivana Tucak, Faculty of Law. Osijek, Croatia

Protecting the EU budget against generalised rule of law deficiencies

25-06-2020

When preparing the 2021-2027 multiannual financial framework, the European Commission proposed to strengthen the link between EU funding and respect for the rule of law. To this end, on 3 May 2018, the Commission presented a proposal for a regulation that would introduce a general rule of law conditionality into the EU's financial rules. Any Member State where a generalised rule of law deficiency is found could be subject to the suspension of payments and commitments, reduced funding and a prohibition ...

When preparing the 2021-2027 multiannual financial framework, the European Commission proposed to strengthen the link between EU funding and respect for the rule of law. To this end, on 3 May 2018, the Commission presented a proposal for a regulation that would introduce a general rule of law conditionality into the EU's financial rules. Any Member State where a generalised rule of law deficiency is found could be subject to the suspension of payments and commitments, reduced funding and a prohibition on concluding new commitments. On 13 November 2019, the decision of the European Parliament's Budget and Budgetary Control Committees to enter interinstitutional negotiations on the proposal was announced in plenary. Negotiations will be based on Parliament's first-reading position adopted in plenary in April 2019. Parliament's main amendments are concerned with the definition of generalised deficiencies, procedural issues (the panel of independent experts and the need to put Parliament on an equal footing with Council), and with the protection of end beneficiaries of EU funding. The rule of law conditionality has become an important element of the negotiations on the legislative package for the 2021-2027 MFF and the Recovery Instrument for the aftermath of the coronavirus pandemic. Second edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Plenary round-up – Strasbourg, February 2020

14-02-2020

Highlights of the February session included debates on a review of economic governance; the revised enlargement methodology proposed by the Commission; a breach of Council Decision 2017/2074 concerning restrictive measures in view of the situation in Venezuela; the current situation in Syria; on fighting against antisemitism, racism and hatred across Europe; as well as on the ongoing threat to the rule of law in Poland. Members also adopted a resolution on the illegal trade in companion animals. ...

Highlights of the February session included debates on a review of economic governance; the revised enlargement methodology proposed by the Commission; a breach of Council Decision 2017/2074 concerning restrictive measures in view of the situation in Venezuela; the current situation in Syria; on fighting against antisemitism, racism and hatred across Europe; as well as on the ongoing threat to the rule of law in Poland. Members also adopted a resolution on the illegal trade in companion animals. They debated the state of play in the EU's fight against money laundering (in light of the Luanda Leaks); the humanitarian situation of refugees at EU external borders; and the coronavirus outbreak. Members also voted on a resolution on EU priorities for the 64th session of the UN Commission on the Status of Women.

A macro-regional strategy for the Carpathian region

12-12-2019

Encompassing regions from European Union (EU) Member States and third countries confronted with a common set of challenges, macro-regions are defined on the basis of geographical features. Whether inspired by a sense of regional identity, a desire to engage in closer cooperation or to pool resources, all macro-regional strategies share the aim of ensuring a coordinated approach to issues best addressed jointly. In spite of a broad consensus on the importance of the macro-regional strategies as a ...

Encompassing regions from European Union (EU) Member States and third countries confronted with a common set of challenges, macro-regions are defined on the basis of geographical features. Whether inspired by a sense of regional identity, a desire to engage in closer cooperation or to pool resources, all macro-regional strategies share the aim of ensuring a coordinated approach to issues best addressed jointly. In spite of a broad consensus on the importance of the macro-regional strategies as a relevant instrument for the optimal use of existing financial resources, some assessments indicate that stronger political ownership is needed. Currently the EU has four macro-regional strategies, covering the Baltic Sea region, the Danube region, the Adriatic-Ionian region and the Alpine region, which address common challenges and achieve economic, environmental, social and territorial cohesion. On occasion, calls are made to launch additional strategies, covering new geographical areas. Some Member States currently voice the need for a fifth macro-regional strategy, covering the Carpathian mountains, where the borders of many countries meet. The region suffers inherent weaknesses in fields such as transport, socio-economic development, innovation and energy supply, and needs to protect its rare and valuable natural resources and cultural heritage. The Polish government has presented a proposal for a common strategy for the Carpathian region to the European Commission, after consultation with several countries in the region. This draft plan has not yet been approved by all of the countries concerned. The Council remains open to any commonly agreed and mature initiative aimed at setting up a new macro-regional strategy; however it has not endorsed the creation of a macro-regional strategy for the Carpathian region. The Committee of the Regions explicitly supports the initiative to create an EU strategy for the Carpathian region. The European Commission and the European Parliament are more cautious when it comes to launching new strategies and suggest building on existing ones instead. This briefing has been produced at the request of a member of the European Committee of the Regions, in the framework of the Cooperation Agreement between the European Parliament and the Committee.

Protecting the rule of law in the EU: Existing mechanisms and possible improvements

06-11-2019

Under the rule of law, governmental powers are limited by law and may be exercised only on the basis of law. An independent judiciary is indispensable to guaranteeing this state of affairs, and appropriate procedures, including legal remedies, must be in place to guarantee that individuals can protect their rights and trigger judicial review of governmental action. The rule of law has been an enduring basic value of the European Union from its inception, and the principles of the rule of law have ...

Under the rule of law, governmental powers are limited by law and may be exercised only on the basis of law. An independent judiciary is indispensable to guaranteeing this state of affairs, and appropriate procedures, including legal remedies, must be in place to guarantee that individuals can protect their rights and trigger judicial review of governmental action. The rule of law has been an enduring basic value of the European Union from its inception, and the principles of the rule of law have been enshrined in the case law of the European Court of Justice (ECJ). The EU's very design is based on a shared responsibility for upholding and enforcing EU law, which is the joint task of the ECJ and national courts. The rule of law within the Member States, at least in areas covered by EU law, is therefore indispensable for the proper functioning of the Union and its legal system. Furthermore, the rule of law is one of the EU's fundamental values, enshrined in Article 2 of the Treaty on European Union, which must be respected by the Member States, including in areas not covered by EU law. Should an EU Member State be suspected of breaching the rule of law, a number of procedures are available to verify this and, if needed, remedy the situation. First of all, there are three 'soft' mechanisms, which do not give rise to legally binding results, yet nevertheless have a certain political resonance and can be seen as a preparatory step towards legal action. These include the transitional 'special cooperation and verification mechanism' (included in the Act of Accession for Bulgaria and Romania), the Commission's rule of law framework, and the Council's annual dialogues on the rule of law. Apart from these 'soft' mechanisms, three legal procedures are also available which, if concluded, can produce legally binding results. First of all, infringement proceedings can be brought by the Commission if the alleged breach could also amount to the violation of a specific rule of EU law. Secondly, national courts from a Member State in which the rule of law is breached may refer preliminary questions to the ECJ, seeking guidance on the interpretation of EU law with a view to assessing the compatibility of national legislation. Finally, the breach of values procedure can be triggered, possibly leading to the suspension of a Member State's membership rights. This briefing has been produced at the request of a member of the European Committee of the Regions, in the framework of the Cooperation Agreement between the Parliament and the Committee.

Sampling points for air quality - Representativeness and comparability of measurement in accordance with Directive 2008/50/EC on ambient air quality and cleaner air for Europe

18-03-2019

Air quality monitoring at fixed sites is a major instrument provided for in the Ambient Air Quality Directive to check compliance with limit or target values, which have been set for the protection of human health. This study analyses the criteria for the location of monitoring sites in five Member States to identify ambiguous provisions that might lead to different assessments of air pollution exposure. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on the Environment ...

Air quality monitoring at fixed sites is a major instrument provided for in the Ambient Air Quality Directive to check compliance with limit or target values, which have been set for the protection of human health. This study analyses the criteria for the location of monitoring sites in five Member States to identify ambiguous provisions that might lead to different assessments of air pollution exposure. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety of the European Parliament.

Autor extern

Christian NAGL, Wolfgang SPANGL, Iris BUXBAUM

The Polbud judgment and the freedom of establishment for companies in the European Union: problems and perspectives

23-10-2018

The present work provides a study of analysis of the EU Court of Justice’s Polbud judgment on the cross-border conversion. It has been commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee. This study focuses on the implications of the judgment for the freedom of establishment of companies across the EU, including the potential risk of “forum and tax shopping” as well as for the protection of creditors, minority ...

The present work provides a study of analysis of the EU Court of Justice’s Polbud judgment on the cross-border conversion. It has been commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee. This study focuses on the implications of the judgment for the freedom of establishment of companies across the EU, including the potential risk of “forum and tax shopping” as well as for the protection of creditors, minority shareholders and workers.

Autor extern

Simona FRAZZANI Professor Carlo ANGELICI Professor Jochen HOFFMANN Silvia MEDICI, Professor Francesco SCIAUDONE

Evenimente viitoare

27-10-2021
Public Hearing - A European Withholding Tax Framework
Audiere -
FISC
27-10-2021
Public Hearing on “Impact of the Belt and Road initiative (BRI) on modal shift
Audiere -
TRAN
27-10-2021
An inclusive economy for women in the green and digital transformation - side event
Alt eveniment -
FEMM

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