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Can the Euro Dethrone the US Dollar as the Dominant Global Currency? Not so Soon, if Ever

15-05-2020

The euro is the second most important global currency after the US dollar. However, its international role has not increased since its inception in 1999. The private sector prefers using the US dollar rather than the euro because the financial market for US dollar-denominated assets is larger and deeper; network externalities and inertia also play a role. Increasing the attractiveness of the euro outside the euro area requires, among others, a proactive role for the European Central Bank and completing ...

The euro is the second most important global currency after the US dollar. However, its international role has not increased since its inception in 1999. The private sector prefers using the US dollar rather than the euro because the financial market for US dollar-denominated assets is larger and deeper; network externalities and inertia also play a role. Increasing the attractiveness of the euro outside the euro area requires, among others, a proactive role for the European Central Bank and completing the Banking Union and Capital Market Union. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs.

Autor extern

Marek DABROWSKI

The International Role of the Euro: State of Play and Economic Significance

15-05-2020

This paper summarises recent trends in the international use of the euro and potential benefits and drawbacks of acquiring the status of an international currency, with a focus on implications for monetary policy. The benefits of international currency status are found to likely be limited and the effects on monetary policy to be ambiguous. The international role of the euro could be strengthened by policy initiatives in specific markets or as a by-product of improvements in the soundness of euro ...

This paper summarises recent trends in the international use of the euro and potential benefits and drawbacks of acquiring the status of an international currency, with a focus on implications for monetary policy. The benefits of international currency status are found to likely be limited and the effects on monetary policy to be ambiguous. The international role of the euro could be strengthened by policy initiatives in specific markets or as a by-product of improvements in the soundness of euro area economic and fiscal policies. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs.

Autor extern

Joscha BECKMANN, Salomon FIEDLER, Klaus-Jürgen GERN, Josefin MEYER

The Euro and the Geopolitics of Post-COVID-19

15-05-2020

This note provides a critical overview on the current status and recent trends related to the euro’s international standing over the last decade and reflects on the opportunities and risks for the role of the euro going forward, including the post-COVID-19 international trade and political order. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs.

This note provides a critical overview on the current status and recent trends related to the euro’s international standing over the last decade and reflects on the opportunities and risks for the role of the euro going forward, including the post-COVID-19 international trade and political order. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs.

Autor extern

Corrado MACCHIARELLI

Kazakhstan: Economic situation

08-09-2015

Kazakhstan, Central Asia's largest economy, is an upper-middle-income country aiming to join the world's 30 most developed countries by 2050. Russia's economic slowdown, a weakened domestic demand after the devaluation of the national currency, the tenge, and adverse developments in the terms of trade, have pushed economic growth down to 4.3% in 2014 from 6% in 2013, and will continue to do so in 2015. On a more optimistic note, Kazakhstan's newly acquired WTO membership will further strengthen its ...

Kazakhstan, Central Asia's largest economy, is an upper-middle-income country aiming to join the world's 30 most developed countries by 2050. Russia's economic slowdown, a weakened domestic demand after the devaluation of the national currency, the tenge, and adverse developments in the terms of trade, have pushed economic growth down to 4.3% in 2014 from 6% in 2013, and will continue to do so in 2015. On a more optimistic note, Kazakhstan's newly acquired WTO membership will further strengthen its integration in global trade and economy.

The BRICS Bank and Reserve Arrangement: towards a new global financial framework?

04-12-2014

At this summer's summit held in Fortaleza, Brazil, the five countries which form the BRICS – Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa – agreed on the establishment of their own financial institutions: the New Development Bank (NDB) and the Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA). The New Development Bank is to lend for infrastructure and sustainable-development purposes, both in BRICS countries and other developing and emerging economies. In this context, developing countries are looking for a ...

At this summer's summit held in Fortaleza, Brazil, the five countries which form the BRICS – Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa – agreed on the establishment of their own financial institutions: the New Development Bank (NDB) and the Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA). The New Development Bank is to lend for infrastructure and sustainable-development purposes, both in BRICS countries and other developing and emerging economies. In this context, developing countries are looking for a new source of financing with more flexible conditions. The CRA is an agreement among the BRICS' central banks for mutual support during a sudden currency crisis. The agreements were signed on 15 July 2014 – after two years of negotiations – but still need to be ratified by the members' legislatures.

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