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European Capitals of Culture: In search of the perfect cultural event

28-11-2019

Between 1985 and 2019, 60 cities have held the title of European Capital of Culture – most recently Matera in Italy and Plovdiv in Bulgaria in 2019. Initiated in 1983, by Greece's then Minister of Culture, Melina Mercouri, the concept took shape two years later as an inter-governmental initiative under the name of the 'European City of Culture'. The success of the event was such that in 1999, the Council of the EU transformed it into a Community action, and created a more transparent rotational system ...

Between 1985 and 2019, 60 cities have held the title of European Capital of Culture – most recently Matera in Italy and Plovdiv in Bulgaria in 2019. Initiated in 1983, by Greece's then Minister of Culture, Melina Mercouri, the concept took shape two years later as an inter-governmental initiative under the name of the 'European City of Culture'. The success of the event was such that in 1999, the Council of the EU transformed it into a Community action, and created a more transparent rotational system for the designation of the titleholder. The selection procedure – last modified in 2014 – places particular focus on the monitoring of proposals, the enhanced European dimension of projects, improved competition between candidate cities, and the redefinition of the selection panel role. As more and more cities enter the European Capitals of Culture race, substantial sums of money are being spent, including on the bidding process. While in the early years of the programme (1985 1994) the average operating budget was around €25 million per city, this amount has more than doubled to reach some €60 million per city for the period 2007-2017. With rising budgets, there is also increased scrutiny of cities, national governments and the EU, as to the wider benefits in terms of the cultural development, social cohesion and city image that most bids promise. This, in turn, has led to more frequent and sophisticated monitoring and evaluation of the whole process, both by the European Commission and by the host cities themselves. The symbolic celebration of European cultural identities is however closely tied to the economic success of the operation. According to experts, over time a number of conflicts and tensions have become apparent due to the multiple and sometimes contradictory objectives of the event, e.g. economic and cultural, to name just two. Additional criticism includes failure to enable local ownership, difficulty in overcoming social divides and exhaustion of local resources. Notwithstanding that, ex-post evaluations of the event show that in general it boosts economic growth and tourism, helps build a sense of community and contributes to urban regeneration.

EU policies – Delivering for citizens: Promoting European culture

28-06-2019

The concept of cultural diversity lies at the heart of the European project. Recent years have seen renewed interest in the sector's potential for promoting social cohesion, unity and tolerance, on the one hand, with continued recognition of its valuable economic role, on the other. There is a strong commitment at the EU level to ensure that culture is mainstreamed in all policy areas, with a special focus on the protection of cultural heritage and cultural diversity, which are key elements in cultural ...

The concept of cultural diversity lies at the heart of the European project. Recent years have seen renewed interest in the sector's potential for promoting social cohesion, unity and tolerance, on the one hand, with continued recognition of its valuable economic role, on the other. There is a strong commitment at the EU level to ensure that culture is mainstreamed in all policy areas, with a special focus on the protection of cultural heritage and cultural diversity, which are key elements in cultural identity and expression. From the economic point of view, the cultural and creative sector, which employs 8.4 million people in the European Union, is dynamic and has a large potential for growth due to its diversity and scope for individual creative freedom. Yet the development of this potential is hampered by barriers, notably linguistic diversity, fragmentation and different financial mechanisms across the EU. The EU's cultural and creative industry also faces challenge from digital technologies and global competition, particularly from the United States' (US) audiovisual industry, and from US and Chinese diplomatic efforts to promote their cultural output. Under the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, the EU's role in the context of cultural policy is a supportive and complementary one, direct responsibility in the area being largely a matter for the individual Member States. Nevertheless, since 2014, these challenges have been addressed at the EU level, inter alia via the strengthening of the digital single market, which is essential for access to culture, the circulation of European cultural works, the fair remuneration of creators and fair competition. Since the economic crisis, additional funding has also been made available for the sector via the European Fund for Strategic Investment introduced by the Juncker Commission in 2015. As indicated in a 2017 European Commission communication on the role of culture and education, the synergies between the socio-economic aspects are to be enhanced. The European Year of Cultural Heritage in 2018 is to feed into a reflection and actions related to shared culture and history. These issues are addressed in the New European Agenda for Culture, while the new multiannual financial framework for 2021-2027 envisages increased funding for culture. This will also support efforts to combine artistic and technological skills, which are a prerequisite for artistic expression in the new digital environment. This is an update of an earlier briefing issued in advance of the 2019 European elections.

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - January 2019

14-01-2019

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Celebrating European cultural heritage in 2018

13-09-2017

A Commission proposal paving the way to the designation of 2018 as the European Year of Cultural Heritage was adopted by the European Parliament in plenary in April, and subsequently by the Council. 2018 will thus be dedicated to European cultural heritage and its role in the continent's shared history and values, following a recommendation made by Parliament.

A Commission proposal paving the way to the designation of 2018 as the European Year of Cultural Heritage was adopted by the European Parliament in plenary in April, and subsequently by the Council. 2018 will thus be dedicated to European cultural heritage and its role in the continent's shared history and values, following a recommendation made by Parliament.

Politica lingvistică

01-09-2017

În cadrul eforturilor de promovare a mobilității și a înțelegerii interculturale, UE a inclus învățarea limbilor străine printre prioritățile sale de primă importanță și finanțează numeroase programe și proiecte în acest domeniu. În viziunea UE, multilingvismul este un element important al competitivității europene. Din acest motiv, printre obiectivele politicii lingvistice a UE se numără și acela ca fiecare cetățean european să stăpânească, pe lângă limba maternă, încă două limbi.

În cadrul eforturilor de promovare a mobilității și a înțelegerii interculturale, UE a inclus învățarea limbilor străine printre prioritățile sale de primă importanță și finanțează numeroase programe și proiecte în acest domeniu. În viziunea UE, multilingvismul este un element important al competitivității europene. Din acest motiv, printre obiectivele politicii lingvistice a UE se numără și acela ca fiecare cetățean european să stăpânească, pe lângă limba maternă, încă două limbi.

European Capitals of Culture broaden their reach

07-06-2017

In June 2016, the European Commission adopted a proposal to allow more European countries to join the European Capitals of Culture. An agreement was reached in interinstitutional trilogue negotiations, and the agreed text is due to be voted by the Parliament during the June plenary.

In June 2016, the European Commission adopted a proposal to allow more European countries to join the European Capitals of Culture. An agreement was reached in interinstitutional trilogue negotiations, and the agreed text is due to be voted by the Parliament during the June plenary.

Celebrating European cultural heritage in 2018

21-04-2017

A Commission proposal paving the way to the designation of 2018 as the European Year of Cultural Heritage is due to be voted in plenary in April. 2018 will be dedicated to European cultural heritage and its role in the continent's shared history and values, following a recommendation from Parliament.

A Commission proposal paving the way to the designation of 2018 as the European Year of Cultural Heritage is due to be voted in plenary in April. 2018 will be dedicated to European cultural heritage and its role in the continent's shared history and values, following a recommendation from Parliament.

The European Year for Development:Children and Youth

01-07-2015

Nearly half of all people living in extreme poverty are aged 18 or under. Children and young people are particularly vulnerable to social exclusion, violence and abuse. In 2014 the European Parliament called on the High Representative of the Union to report back to Parliament every year on the results of the EU's child-focused external action. The Parliament had also previously underlined the urgent need for the Union to pay special attention to the most vulnerable and socially excluded girls and ...

Nearly half of all people living in extreme poverty are aged 18 or under. Children and young people are particularly vulnerable to social exclusion, violence and abuse. In 2014 the European Parliament called on the High Representative of the Union to report back to Parliament every year on the results of the EU's child-focused external action. The Parliament had also previously underlined the urgent need for the Union to pay special attention to the most vulnerable and socially excluded girls and boys. International commitments to improve the lives of children are reflected in various Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), particularly the one on infant mortality. One in four children under five (162 million) remains stunted, risking diminished cognitive and physical development. The Parliament recently called on the Commission to scale up its nutrition-specific commitments. The proposed Sustainable Development Goals include numerous targets to improve the situation of children and youth and represent an important leap forward.

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - June 2015

08-06-2015

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

European Year for Active Ageing and Solidarity between Generations (2012): European Implementation Assessment

23-03-2015

2012 was the European Year for Active Ageing and Solidarity between Generations - with objectives set by a Decision of the Parliament and the Council, adopted on 14 September 2011. Following an external evaluation, the European Commission presented its Report on the implementation, results and overall assessment of that European Year on 15 September 2014. This paper looks at the context and concrete initiatives that were undertaken before, during, and after 2012, and also considers the Parliament's ...

2012 was the European Year for Active Ageing and Solidarity between Generations - with objectives set by a Decision of the Parliament and the Council, adopted on 14 September 2011. Following an external evaluation, the European Commission presented its Report on the implementation, results and overall assessment of that European Year on 15 September 2014. This paper looks at the context and concrete initiatives that were undertaken before, during, and after 2012, and also considers the Parliament's input into the Decision establishing the European Year. It comes to the conclusion that the four specific objectives set by the Decision establishing EY2012 were largely met, while the creation of an 'active ageing culture in Europe' (the general objective) might still require further, additional efforts.

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