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Public hearing with Andrea Enria, Chair of the ECB Supervisory Board

19-03-2021

This note is prepared in view of a regular public hearing with the Chair of the Supervisory Board of the European Central Bank (ECB), Andrea Enria, which will take place on 23 March 2021. During the hearing, Chair Enria will present the Annual Report on supervisory activities 2020, which will be published the same day. This paper addresses (i) the implications of supervisory measures in response to COVID-19; (ii) supervisory work for 2021 (supervisory priorities, stress test, fit and proper assessments ...

This note is prepared in view of a regular public hearing with the Chair of the Supervisory Board of the European Central Bank (ECB), Andrea Enria, which will take place on 23 March 2021. During the hearing, Chair Enria will present the Annual Report on supervisory activities 2020, which will be published the same day. This paper addresses (i) the implications of supervisory measures in response to COVID-19; (ii) supervisory work for 2021 (supervisory priorities, stress test, fit and proper assessments, recovery planning); (iii) medium and longer term structural risks (Basel III, anti-money laundering, climate risk, and completing the Banking Union); (iv) recent ECB publications; and (v) recent developments in the banking sector relating to the Greensill case.

The EU’s regulatory and supervisory response to addressing non-performing loans

12-02-2021

Building on earlier EGOV papers, this briefing addresses the evolution of non-performing loans (NPLs) over time, the EU regulatory and supervisory approaches to manage NPLs and highlights areas where gaps may still be observed. Renewed interest in asset management companies as a possible instrument to deal with NPLs is discussed in an annex. Concerns around NPLs are growing, as the impact of COVID-19 crisis related responses on banks’ balance sheets begin to be further scrutinised. This briefing ...

Building on earlier EGOV papers, this briefing addresses the evolution of non-performing loans (NPLs) over time, the EU regulatory and supervisory approaches to manage NPLs and highlights areas where gaps may still be observed. Renewed interest in asset management companies as a possible instrument to deal with NPLs is discussed in an annex. Concerns around NPLs are growing, as the impact of COVID-19 crisis related responses on banks’ balance sheets begin to be further scrutinised. This briefing will be updated in light of relevant developments.

Public hearing with Christine Lagarde, Chair of the European Systemic Risk Board

16-11-2020

This note is prepared in view of a public hearing with the Chair of the European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB), Christine Lagarde, which will take place in ECON on 19 November 2020. This will be the second hearing with Ms Lagarde in her capacity as a Chair of the ESRB. The aim of the meeting is to discuss recent developments in the macroprudential policy field and the impact of the corona crisis. The briefing provides a (i) summary of the ESRB Annual Report, (ii) addresses the ESRB and national macroprudential ...

This note is prepared in view of a public hearing with the Chair of the European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB), Christine Lagarde, which will take place in ECON on 19 November 2020. This will be the second hearing with Ms Lagarde in her capacity as a Chair of the ESRB. The aim of the meeting is to discuss recent developments in the macroprudential policy field and the impact of the corona crisis. The briefing provides a (i) summary of the ESRB Annual Report, (ii) addresses the ESRB and national macroprudential authorities’ response to the COVID pandemic outbreak, (iii) including recent ESRB Recommendations to the European Commission and national authorities; (iv) latest ESRB systemic risk assessment and (v) other macroprudential policy concerns.

Institutional set up of macroprudential policy in the European Union

18-09-2020

This briefing provides an overview of the institutional macroprudential framework in the European Union (EU), distribution of powers and responsibilities and interactions between different institutions.

This briefing provides an overview of the institutional macroprudential framework in the European Union (EU), distribution of powers and responsibilities and interactions between different institutions.

Macroprudential policy toolkit for the banking sector

17-09-2020

This briefing provides an overview of European Union’s macroprudential policy toolkit that could be applied to the banking sector. Not all the tools described in this briefing are available for all national macroprudential authorities in the European Union (EU), due to different national legislations. Even though most of the instruments are targeted at the banking sector, national specificities in some cases permit the use of the same instrument to other financial institutions.

This briefing provides an overview of European Union’s macroprudential policy toolkit that could be applied to the banking sector. Not all the tools described in this briefing are available for all national macroprudential authorities in the European Union (EU), due to different national legislations. Even though most of the instruments are targeted at the banking sector, national specificities in some cases permit the use of the same instrument to other financial institutions.

Public hearing with Christine Lagarde, Chair of the European Systemic Risk Board

05-06-2020

This note is prepared in view of a public hearing with the Chair of the European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB), Christine Lagarde, which will take place on 8 June 2020. This will be the first hearing with Ms Lagarde in her capacity as a Chair of the ESRB. The aim of the meeting is to discuss recent developments in macroprudential policy field and the impact of the corona crisis. The briefing addresses the ESRB and national macroprudential authorities’ response to the pandemic outbreak, including recent ...

This note is prepared in view of a public hearing with the Chair of the European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB), Christine Lagarde, which will take place on 8 June 2020. This will be the first hearing with Ms Lagarde in her capacity as a Chair of the ESRB. The aim of the meeting is to discuss recent developments in macroprudential policy field and the impact of the corona crisis. The briefing addresses the ESRB and national macroprudential authorities’ response to the pandemic outbreak, including recent ESRB Recommendation to ESMA; latest ESRB systemic risk assessment and other macroprudential policy concerns.

Covered bonds – Issue and supervision, exposures

24-01-2020

Covered bonds are debt securities issued by credit institutions and secured by a pool of mortgage loans or credit towards the public sector. They are characterised further by the double protection offered to bondholders, the segregation of assets in their cover pool, over-collateralisation, and their strict supervisory frameworks. Currently, their issuance is concentrated in five Member States. National regulatory regimes vary widely in terms of supervision and composition of the cover pool. Lastly ...

Covered bonds are debt securities issued by credit institutions and secured by a pool of mortgage loans or credit towards the public sector. They are characterised further by the double protection offered to bondholders, the segregation of assets in their cover pool, over-collateralisation, and their strict supervisory frameworks. Currently, their issuance is concentrated in five Member States. National regulatory regimes vary widely in terms of supervision and composition of the cover pool. Lastly, despite benefiting from preferential treatment under the Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR), they share no common definition, which can lead to different securities benefiting from this treatment. To remedy this, the Commission has adopted proposals for, on the one hand, a directive, which would lay down investor protection rules and provide common definitions, and on the other, a regulation, which would amend the CRR with regard to covered bond exposures. Parliament voted in plenary on 18 April 2019 to adopt the texts agreed in trilogue. After linguistic corrections, Parliament approved corrigenda and the two acts were signed on 27 November 2019. Third edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Which supervisory or regulatory treatment of banks’ exposures to sovereign risks?

21-11-2019

In his answer to the European Parliament (EP), Commission’s Executive Vice-President designate V. Dombrovskis explained that “It is necessary to encourage banks to diversify further their sovereign bond portfolios and reduce the home bias, which remains far too strong and leaves banks overly exposed to the fiscal distress of their home government. I do not underestimate the political, legal and technical complexity and sensitivity of these issues across the EU and their financial stability implications ...

In his answer to the European Parliament (EP), Commission’s Executive Vice-President designate V. Dombrovskis explained that “It is necessary to encourage banks to diversify further their sovereign bond portfolios and reduce the home bias, which remains far too strong and leaves banks overly exposed to the fiscal distress of their home government. I do not underestimate the political, legal and technical complexity and sensitivity of these issues across the EU and their financial stability implications, so it will be essential to develop a consensus both in the European Parliament and with the Member States”. This briefing takes stock of where the Banking Union stands in terms of sovereign exposures, home bias and concentration risks, as well as international regulatory developments (Section 1). The 2018 EP Banking Union report and the 2016 Council roadmap conditioned the adoption of an EU Regulatory Treatment of Sovereign Exposures (RTSE) to international standards to be worked out by the Basel Committee. Absent international regulatory progress, this briefing presents ways to address sovereign risks under the existing supervisory and regulatory framework (Section 2). It also provides an insight into various options identified by the European Banking Authority (EBA), the Basel Committee, the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) and the European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB) (Section 3) that might be coupled with other developments, including on a European deposit insurance scheme (EDIS) (Section 4). The issue is currently discussed in the Eurogroup High Level Working Group on EDIS, expected to report back to the European Council by end 2019.

The European Systemic Risk Board – systemic risk update, stress tests and work in progres

20-09-2019

This note is prepared in view of a regular public hearing with the Chair of the European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB), Mario Draghi, which will take place on 23 September 2019. The briefing provides an overview of recent actions by the ESRB, such as systemic risks identified, input for recent stress testing exercise, and assessment of compliance with public ESRB recommendations.

This note is prepared in view of a regular public hearing with the Chair of the European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB), Mario Draghi, which will take place on 23 September 2019. The briefing provides an overview of recent actions by the ESRB, such as systemic risks identified, input for recent stress testing exercise, and assessment of compliance with public ESRB recommendations.

The European Systemic Risk Board – Main features, mandate and accountability

19-09-2019

This briefing provides an overview of the European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB), its’ main features, mandate and accountability. It also includes the overview of recent review of the ESRB mission, mandate and organisation as part of the review of European System of Financial Supervision.

This briefing provides an overview of the European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB), its’ main features, mandate and accountability. It also includes the overview of recent review of the ESRB mission, mandate and organisation as part of the review of European System of Financial Supervision.

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