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Proposed anti-coercion instrument

Briefing 24-11-2022

It is widely held that geopolitical tensions in the world are on the rise. One of the clear indicators of this phenomenon is the increasing use of economic tools for the pursuit of strategic and geopolitical goals. This can take the form of coercion used by one country against another through restrictions on trade or investment in order to interfere with their sovereign choices. In response to the EU and its Member States becoming the target of deliberate economic coercion in recent years, on 8 December ...

Economic Dialogue with Romania

Hĺbková analýza 28-10-2022

ECON on 7 November 2022 This note presents selected information on the current status of the EU economic governance procedures and related relevant information in view of an economic dialogue and exchange of views with Mr Adrian Câciu, Minister of Finance of Romania, in the ECON committee of the European Parliament. The invitation for an exchange of views is in accordance with the EU economic governance framework.

In May 2022, the European Parliament decided to postpone the decision on granting discharge to the European Council and Council for the 2020 budget, and presented a number of observations. Parliament's Committee on Budgetary Control has examined the situation again, and noting the lack of progress in this second report, again recommends not granting discharge to these two institutions. The vote on the second discharge report is scheduled for the October II plenary session.

In May 2022, the European Parliament decided to postpone the decision on granting discharge to the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) for the 2020 budget, and presented a number of observations. Parliament's Committee on Budgetary Control (CONT) has examined the situation again, and – in its second report, taking account of progress made – recommends that discharge be granted. The vote on the second discharge report is scheduled for the October II plenary session.

Understanding inflation dynamics requires an understanding of the underlying concept and how it is measured. Inflation is defined as a process of continuously rising prices and falling purchasing power. In other words, a general and broad-based increase in the price of goods and services over an extended period. The main objective of central banks is to keep prices stable, to preserve the integrity and purchasing power of people's money. The most common inflation indicator measures the average change ...

Northern Sparsely Populated Areas (NSPAs) have high economic potentials. Proactive public policies are needed to unlock them by overcoming key demographic challenges, making it possible for companies to recruit skilled staff and enhancing the welfare and quality of life of their populations. The study describes measures implemented to this end under EU Cohesion Policy. It suggests that more integrated approaches could help address these challenges in a more effective way and preserve territorial ...

Inflation has risen to levels not seen in 40 years in the euro area or in many other countries, forcing some central banks to raise interest rates in a context that bodes ill for economic growth. Initially driven by post-pandemic supply shortages and then by soaring energy prices, following Russia's invasion of Ukraine, inflation is now becoming increasingly broadly based, affecting everything from food and services to household goods. Dissatisfaction with the rising cost of living is leading to ...

On 26 July 2012, then ECB President Mario Draghi gave the so-called “whatever it takes” speech, today widely considered as the turnaround point in the European sovereign debt crisis. Shortly after, the European Central Bank (ECB) announced the details of its outright monetary transactions programme (OMT) tool. The speech, together with the OMT announcement, were enough to remove re-denomination risk from sovereign bond markets. OMT was never actually used. 10 years after, in a context of record-high ...

EPRS invites leading experts and commentators to share their thinking and insights on important topics of relevance to debate in the European institutions. In this paper, Jacob Funk Kirkegaard, Senior Fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics and the German Marshall Fund of the United States, looks at the current state of the Chinese economy, and at the various factors likely to influence its evolution in the coming years. He argues that Chinese growth will slow to below the levels ...

This paper provides a summary of recent economic, financial and budgetary measures and developments following President Vladimir Putin’s decision of 24 February to start a military attack against Ukraine. It includes recent information relating to the EU sanctions regime, recent economic estimates and policies supporting economic and financial resilience, including the coordination of national economic and fiscal measures. It also highlights policy recommendations made in the public domain to mitigate ...