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On 14 July 2021 the European Commission adopted the 'fit for 55' package, a set of legislative proposals to meet the new EU objective of a minimum 55 % reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2030. The fit for 55 package is part of the Commission's European Green Deal, which aims to set the EU firmly on the path towards net zero GHG emissions (climate neutrality) by 2050. The fit for 55 package includes a regulation establishing a new social climate fund (SCF). The aim of the SCF is to help ...

Social climate fund

V stručnosti 01-06-2022

As part of the 'fit for 55' package, the Commission has proposed the creation of a social climate fund (SCF) to compensate vulnerable households, micro-businesses and transport users for some of the costs of the green transition. The fund would be financed primarily through the extension of the EU emissions trading system to cover the buildings and transport sectors. Members will debate the SCF during the June I 2022 plenary session.

The negative impact of the Covid-19 crisis on women's social and economic situation triggered a debate on the urgent need for a gender-sensitive policy response to the pandemic. In this context, the establishment of the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) – the EU's biggest financial instrument supporting recovery in the Member States – is an opportunity to channel extraordinary resources toward measures that take into account the principles of gender equality. It is also a chance to put into ...

This study examines the value added by the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) funding in four specific countries: Estonia, Hungary, Poland, and Romania. Focusing on each country’s national plans for utilising the funding, we identify where national plans may have generated value added and where additional work is needed to make RRF funding more effective.

This paper aims to support the scrutiny of the national Recovery and Resilience Plans and its implementation by providing an overview of EU stakeholders, other relevant institutions and bodies’ assessments/opinions related to these plans, including specific monitoring activities by think tanks and civil society organisations. Furthermore, it includes a summary of the Commission assessments of the overall involvement of stakeholders in the recovery and resilience plans. The paper will be regularly ...

The outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic exposed the weaknesses in the EU's preparedness and planning capacities as well as its lack of funding, with much of the EU's initial response being on an ad-hoc basis. Coordination and cooperation between EU Member States was initially often difficult, and took time to get established and start functioning in a structured way. The EU's Health Emergency Preparedness and Response Authority (HERA) was established by a Commission decision of 16 September 2021 ...

To address the consequences of the coronavirus pandemic, the EU has put in place an unprecedented temporary recovery instrument, Next Generation EU (NGEU). Its main spending tool is the Recovery and Resilience Facility, worth €723.8 billion (in current prices). While EU countries differ both in terms of their pre-coronavirus situations and in terms of Covid-19-related impacts, they can all seize the opportunity to kick-start their economies with this financial injection. To access funding under the ...

Inland waterway transport (IWT) is one of the most CO2-efficient transport modes per tonne of goods carried, using only 17 % of the energy needed by often-congested road transport and 50 % of rail transport. The sector already plays an important economic role in transporting both goods and passengers in Europe. However, it has an untapped potential for increasing its capacity, which warrants the renewed attention it has recently attracted, in the light of sustainable development. Despite support ...

Brexit Adjustment Reserve

Briefing 09-11-2021

As part of the preparations for the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union, the European Council agreed in July 2020 to create a Brexit adjustment reserve within the special instruments outside the budget ceilings of the European Union's multiannual financial framework, with a budget of €5 billion to counter unforeseen and adverse consequences in Member States and sectors that are most affected. The Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation on the Brexit adjustment reserve on 25 ...

As the EU’s main investment policy, Cohesion Policy can play a key role in promoting health and in reducing health inequalities. This briefing reviews the role of Cohesion Policy with regard to health in the 2014-2020 period and explores the prospects and challenges that lie ahead. Particular attention is paid to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.