15

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Argentina: Economic indicators and trade with EU

07-12-2018

In 2017, Argentina’s economy continued its gradual recovery from major macroeconomic imbalances with a GDP per capita growth rate of 2.9% thanks to austerity measures and a comprehensive reform agenda. However, inflation at 25.7% and unemployment at 8.5% remained high. Whereas economic fundamentals were slowly improving and the country’s political context remained stable after president Mauricio Macri made political gains at the mid-term legislative elections in October 2017, a crisis of confidence ...

In 2017, Argentina’s economy continued its gradual recovery from major macroeconomic imbalances with a GDP per capita growth rate of 2.9% thanks to austerity measures and a comprehensive reform agenda. However, inflation at 25.7% and unemployment at 8.5% remained high. Whereas economic fundamentals were slowly improving and the country’s political context remained stable after president Mauricio Macri made political gains at the mid-term legislative elections in October 2017, a crisis of confidence hit the economy in spring 2018. The crisis exposed vulnerabilities resulting from Argentina’s fiscal and current account deficit and large foreign-denominated debt. As the peso continued its downward trend in autumn 2018, although Argentina secured an IMF US$50 billion credit line and committed to new austerity measures, the economic context is likely to harden ahead of the 2019 presidential elections. With a share of 16.2% of Argentina’s overall trade, the EU is the country’s second largest trading partner after Brazil that accounts for 21.9%. In 2017, EU exports to Argentina increased to almost €10 billion, while EU imports slightly decreased to more than €8 billion. Total imports of primary products from Argentina declined and those of manufactures, notably chemicals, grew. EU exports of both primary products and manufactures, particularly machinery and appliances as well as transport equipment, increased.

Extending the European Investment Bank's External Lending Mandate to Iran

15-06-2018

The European Commission adopted two delegated decisions designed to counter the effects of United States (US) extraterritorial sanctions against Iran on 6 June 2018. One of the decisions updates Regulation (EC) 2271/96, known as the Blocking Regulation, to prohibit EU companies from complying with the US sanctions against companies investing in, or transacting business with, Iran. The second decision (C(2018) 3730 final) – the subject of this 'At a glance' note – brings Iran within the remit of the ...

The European Commission adopted two delegated decisions designed to counter the effects of United States (US) extraterritorial sanctions against Iran on 6 June 2018. One of the decisions updates Regulation (EC) 2271/96, known as the Blocking Regulation, to prohibit EU companies from complying with the US sanctions against companies investing in, or transacting business with, Iran. The second decision (C(2018) 3730 final) – the subject of this 'At a glance' note – brings Iran within the remit of the European Investment Bank's (EIB) External Lending Mandate (ELM), by adding it to the list of countries outside the EU that are eligible for EIB lending. Both decisions are part of the EU's efforts to protect the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) from the repercussions of the unilateral US withdrawal. The JCPOA was agreed between Iran and the E3/EU+3 – France, Germany, the United Kingdom and the EU plus China, Russia and the USA – in 2015, and is designed to ensure the peaceful nature of Iran's nuclear programme.

Turkey: Economic indicators and trade with EU

08-06-2017

The EU is Turkey's number one trading partner, and Turkey the EU's fifth trading partner – and the only one with which the EU has concluded a custom union. Turkish growth remains strong (4% in 2015 against 2% for the EU), even if unemployment remains at a high level, around 9%. Nevertheless, Turkey's economy is driven by exports and foreign investment, inflation remains strong (around 7%, while the euro area aims at 2%) and the Turkish lira remains volatile. In the framework of accession negotiations ...

The EU is Turkey's number one trading partner, and Turkey the EU's fifth trading partner – and the only one with which the EU has concluded a custom union. Turkish growth remains strong (4% in 2015 against 2% for the EU), even if unemployment remains at a high level, around 9%. Nevertheless, Turkey's economy is driven by exports and foreign investment, inflation remains strong (around 7%, while the euro area aims at 2%) and the Turkish lira remains volatile. In the framework of accession negotiations, the EU is assisting Turkey with reforms, to a total budget of €4 454 million (2014-2020). Our infographic, produced in close cooperation with GlobalStat, provides a quick and useful overview of Turkey's main economic and trade data, as well as of the EU's financial assistance.

Turkey: How the Pre-Accession Funds Have Been Spent, Managed, Controlled and the Monitoring System?

23-05-2016

This study follows up on the European Court of Auditors Special Report 16/2009 ‘The European Commission's management of pre-accession assistance to Turkey’. The European Commission has undertaken actions addressing the recommendations of the report but it is unclear how effective these actions have been, or are likely to be, in addressing the underlying concerns expressed in the report. In particular, understanding of the effectiveness and impact of European Union funding to Turkey is still very ...

This study follows up on the European Court of Auditors Special Report 16/2009 ‘The European Commission's management of pre-accession assistance to Turkey’. The European Commission has undertaken actions addressing the recommendations of the report but it is unclear how effective these actions have been, or are likely to be, in addressing the underlying concerns expressed in the report. In particular, understanding of the effectiveness and impact of European Union funding to Turkey is still very limited.

Externý autor

Roderick Ackermann, Roland Blomeyer, Elsa Perreau, Jan Smit and Jack Malan

The European Investment Bank: Annual Report 2014 and outlook

26-04-2016

The European Union has not yet fully recovered from the global financial and economic crisis. GDP growth rates have begun to increase only slowly, and in most EU Member States investment activity lags behind pre-crisis levels – indicating sizable investment gaps. In fact, gross fixed capital formation in the euro area has declined by 15% since 2007. In 2014, the European Investment Bank (EIB), the EU's public bank and largest multilateral lending institution, contributed financing of €80.3 billion ...

The European Union has not yet fully recovered from the global financial and economic crisis. GDP growth rates have begun to increase only slowly, and in most EU Member States investment activity lags behind pre-crisis levels – indicating sizable investment gaps. In fact, gross fixed capital formation in the euro area has declined by 15% since 2007. In 2014, the European Investment Bank (EIB), the EU's public bank and largest multilateral lending institution, contributed financing of €80.3 billion (including the EIF – the European Investment Fund). This was in the form of loans granted to projects in four strategic areas: Innovation and skills, smaller enterprises, strategic infrastructure, climate action, as well as to projects outside the EU. In mid-2015, the European Commission introduced the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI). As a coordinated effort by the European Commission and the EIB, its goal is to provide additional risk-sharing through public funds. By mid-March 2016, €10.6 billion of public money had been allocated, with the expectation that this would generate a total investment effect of €76.1 billion. The European Parliament's Committee on Budgetary Control (CONT) reports on the work of the EIB on an annual basis. It 'welcomes' overall financing activity in 2014, but urges enhanced ex-post assessment. It regrets the lack of information on the number of projects/financial instruments related to operations supporting cohesion. While the EIB usually focuses on small numbers of large, low-risk projects, the introduction of EFSI might eventually lead to assuming more and riskier projects in the future.

Research for REGI Committee - Review of the Role of the EIB Group in European Cohesion Policy

15-03-2016

The aim of this study is to provide a comprehensive analysis and assessment of how the European Investment Bank contributes to the achievement of Cohesion Policy objectives. The study finds that the role of the European Investment Bank in Cohesion Policy increased significantly in the 2007-13 programme period and continues to increase in 2014-20. Research results show that there is limited understanding of the effectiveness of European Investment Bank contributions to Cohesion Policy. In order to ...

The aim of this study is to provide a comprehensive analysis and assessment of how the European Investment Bank contributes to the achievement of Cohesion Policy objectives. The study finds that the role of the European Investment Bank in Cohesion Policy increased significantly in the 2007-13 programme period and continues to increase in 2014-20. Research results show that there is limited understanding of the effectiveness of European Investment Bank contributions to Cohesion Policy. In order to increase accountability, the inter-institutional relationship between the European Parliament’s Committee on Regional Development and the European Investment Bank should be strengthened.

Externý autor

Arno van der Zwet, John Bachtler, Stephen Miller, Phillip Vernon and Viktoriya Dozhdeva

European Investment Bank's External Mandate (2014-2020): Initial Appraisal of the Commission's Impact Assessment

08-11-2013

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the European Commission's Impact Assessment (IA) accompanying its proposal for a Decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on granting an EU guarantee to the European Investment Bank against losses under financing operations supporting investment projects outside the Union (COM (2013) 293), adopted by the Commission in May 2013. It analyses whether the principal criteria laid down in the Commission’s own Impact Assessment Guidelines, ...

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the European Commission's Impact Assessment (IA) accompanying its proposal for a Decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on granting an EU guarantee to the European Investment Bank against losses under financing operations supporting investment projects outside the Union (COM (2013) 293), adopted by the Commission in May 2013. It analyses whether the principal criteria laid down in the Commission’s own Impact Assessment Guidelines, as well as additional factors identified by the Parliament in its Impact Assessment Handbook, appear to be met by the IA. It does not attempt to deal with the substance of the proposal.

Improving SMEs' access to finance

31-01-2013

Small and medium-sized enterprises are important to the EU economy, but are struggling due to lack of funding. In December 2011, the European Commission (EC) adopted a detailed non-legislative action plan (COM(2011) 870) presenting new ideas for finance and regulation as well as sharing of best practice. The EP is calling for support for a broader range of finance, in response to the problems of the credit crunch.

Small and medium-sized enterprises are important to the EU economy, but are struggling due to lack of funding. In December 2011, the European Commission (EC) adopted a detailed non-legislative action plan (COM(2011) 870) presenting new ideas for finance and regulation as well as sharing of best practice. The EP is calling for support for a broader range of finance, in response to the problems of the credit crunch.

Europe 2020 Project Bonds initiative

29-06-2012

Large, long-term infrastructure projects face financing difficulties, particularly in the current crisis. In response, the EU plans to back privately issued Project Bonds with guarantees and loans, to stimulate private investment in transport, energy and information technology networks.

Large, long-term infrastructure projects face financing difficulties, particularly in the current crisis. In response, the EU plans to back privately issued Project Bonds with guarantees and loans, to stimulate private investment in transport, energy and information technology networks.

EU Budget Support for Research and Innovation

15-02-2012

The aim of the Common Strategic Framework (CSF) is to improve the efficiency of research and innovation funding at national and EU levels, primarily by bringing together, within a single unitary framework, the three main existing sources of funding for research and innovation – the FP7, the CIP and the EIT initiatives. The current study aims to provide a set of specific recommendations focused on reinforcing, streamlining, simplifying and synchronising the complementarity of all the above-mentioned ...

The aim of the Common Strategic Framework (CSF) is to improve the efficiency of research and innovation funding at national and EU levels, primarily by bringing together, within a single unitary framework, the three main existing sources of funding for research and innovation – the FP7, the CIP and the EIT initiatives. The current study aims to provide a set of specific recommendations focused on reinforcing, streamlining, simplifying and synchronising the complementarity of all the above-mentioned instruments in one programme, while also paying attention to synergies with national programmes and other related policies and bodies.

Externý autor

PricewaterhouseCoopers Enterprise Advisory SCRL, Belgium , PricewaterhouseCoopers Advisory N.V., The Netherlands

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