34

výsledok(-ky)

Slovo (slová)
Typ publikácie
Oblasť politiky
Autor
Kľúčové slovo
Dátum

Making the market for bus and coach transport work better

14-11-2017

Regulation 1073/2009 lays down the rules applicable to access to the international market for coach and bus services. Research of available documentation shows that there are various challenges to the present system that limit harmonisation in this particular field, including differences in rules on access to national markets across Member States, different openness of national markets and diverse national arrangements negatively influencing free provision of services in the field of transport. The ...

Regulation 1073/2009 lays down the rules applicable to access to the international market for coach and bus services. Research of available documentation shows that there are various challenges to the present system that limit harmonisation in this particular field, including differences in rules on access to national markets across Member States, different openness of national markets and diverse national arrangements negatively influencing free provision of services in the field of transport. The European Parliament has called on the European Commission to ensure the completion and improved operation of the internal market for the transport by road of passengers and freight. Similarly, the European Economic and Social Committee has called for changes in this field. The European Commission published its legislative proposal amending the regulation on 8 November 2017.

Low-cost air carriers and tourism

20-06-2017

The liberalisation of air transport, which resulted in the creation of new routes and new business models for airlines, in particular the development of low-cost carriers, has led to lower fares and wider access to air transport. In many countries, air transport is a catalyst for tourism development. As low-cost carriers in the EU have experienced substantial growth, serving mostly short-haul destinations, they are increasingly looking into investing into the long-haul market for their future development ...

The liberalisation of air transport, which resulted in the creation of new routes and new business models for airlines, in particular the development of low-cost carriers, has led to lower fares and wider access to air transport. In many countries, air transport is a catalyst for tourism development. As low-cost carriers in the EU have experienced substantial growth, serving mostly short-haul destinations, they are increasingly looking into investing into the long-haul market for their future development.

Sloboda usadiť sa a sloboda poskytovať služby

01-06-2017

Ako sa ustanovuje v Zmluve o fungovaní Európskej únie a zdôrazňuje prostredníctvom judikatúry Súdneho dvora Európskej únie, sloboda usadiť sa a sloboda poskytovať služby zaručujú mobilitu podnikania a odborníkov v rámci EÚ. Čo sa týka ďalšieho uplatňovania týchto dvoch slobôd, očakávania týkajúce sa smernice o službách z roku 2006 sú veľké, pretože má zásadný význam pre dokončenie vnútorného trhu.

Ako sa ustanovuje v Zmluve o fungovaní Európskej únie a zdôrazňuje prostredníctvom judikatúry Súdneho dvora Európskej únie, sloboda usadiť sa a sloboda poskytovať služby zaručujú mobilitu podnikania a odborníkov v rámci EÚ. Čo sa týka ďalšieho uplatňovania týchto dvoch slobôd, očakávania týkajúce sa smernice o službách z roku 2006 sú veľké, pretože má zásadný význam pre dokončenie vnútorného trhu.

Motor vehicles: Approval and market surveillance

29-03-2017

In 2016, following work in previous years but also in response to the VW case, the European Commission made a proposal to strengthen type-approval and market surveillance for motor vehicles. The European Parliament plenary is expected to vote at first reading on the proposal in April.

In 2016, following work in previous years but also in response to the VW case, the European Commission made a proposal to strengthen type-approval and market surveillance for motor vehicles. The European Parliament plenary is expected to vote at first reading on the proposal in April.

Airports in the EU: Challenges ahead

09-06-2016

With soaring passenger traffic and an increasing number of destinations and connections, air transport in the EU has been undergoing profound change in recent decades, impacting on airports as key players in the aviation value chain and civil aviation infrastructure. EU airports, which differ significantly in size and role, had to adapt following the liberalisation of the internal market for aviation; they now have commercial objectives and compete to attract and retain traffic. This analysis provides ...

With soaring passenger traffic and an increasing number of destinations and connections, air transport in the EU has been undergoing profound change in recent decades, impacting on airports as key players in the aviation value chain and civil aviation infrastructure. EU airports, which differ significantly in size and role, had to adapt following the liberalisation of the internal market for aviation; they now have commercial objectives and compete to attract and retain traffic. This analysis provides a comprehensive overview of the challenges confronting EU airports, beginning with an overview of historical developments up to today, and focusing in particular on connectivity issues, the economics of airports, and future trends. The second part looks at the measures taken by the EU to tackle the challenges facing airports, including the Commission's recent Aviation Strategy for Europe.

EU external aviation policy

11-05-2016

The 1944 Convention on International Civil Aviation ('Chicago Convention') is the chief regulatory framework for international civil aviation, but also the most important primary source of public international aviation law and the umbrella under which bilateral air service agreements have been developed. While in the early days bilateral air service agreements between states were quite restrictive, having been written with the intention of protecting their respective flag carriers, in the early 1990s ...

The 1944 Convention on International Civil Aviation ('Chicago Convention') is the chief regulatory framework for international civil aviation, but also the most important primary source of public international aviation law and the umbrella under which bilateral air service agreements have been developed. While in the early days bilateral air service agreements between states were quite restrictive, having been written with the intention of protecting their respective flag carriers, in the early 1990s the United States proposed a more flexible model of bilateral air services agreements, the so-called 'Open Skies' agreements. Challenged on the grounds that some of their provisions were not in conformity with Community law, these agreements led in 2002 to the European Court of Justice's 'Open Skies' judgments. These judgments triggered the development of an EU external aviation policy, which has led to the conclusion of over 50 horizontal agreements as well as to the negotiation and conclusion of comprehensive EU agreements with some neighboring countries and key trading partners. To tackle the challenges currently facing international air transport and, in particular, the increased competition from third countries, the Commission adopted in December 2015 a new aviation strategy for Europe that places great emphasis on the external dimension. The European Parliament is now examining this strategy.

The fourth railway package: Another step towards a Single European Railway Area

14-03-2016

The fourth railway package comprises six legislative proposals to enhance the efficiency and competitiveness of rail across the European Union, put forward by the European Commission in 2013. It aims to remove the remaining institutional, legal and technical obstacles, and create a truly integrated European Railway Area. Although the legislative process on technical issues did not present many difficulties, negotiations on the liberalisation of rail markets and governance structures (known as the ...

The fourth railway package comprises six legislative proposals to enhance the efficiency and competitiveness of rail across the European Union, put forward by the European Commission in 2013. It aims to remove the remaining institutional, legal and technical obstacles, and create a truly integrated European Railway Area. Although the legislative process on technical issues did not present many difficulties, negotiations on the liberalisation of rail markets and governance structures (known as the market pillar) continue and prove more complex. Trilogue discussions began after the adoption of a general approach by the Council in October 2015, and should conclude in 2016. Once adopted, the fourth railway package is expected to give a new impetus to rail services across the EU, and will contribute to meeting the objectives of the Commission's 2011 White Paper on Transport.

Market access to port services

01-03-2016

In a third attempt to liberalise the European Union's port services, in 2013 the European Commission proposed a regulation aimed at eliminating unfair competition and improving the commercial efficiency of the major EU seaports. While establishing a framework for market access to port services, and common rules on both the transparency of public funding for ports and charges for users, the proposal does not affect Member States' social and employment rules.

In a third attempt to liberalise the European Union's port services, in 2013 the European Commission proposed a regulation aimed at eliminating unfair competition and improving the commercial efficiency of the major EU seaports. While establishing a framework for market access to port services, and common rules on both the transparency of public funding for ports and charges for users, the proposal does not affect Member States' social and employment rules.

The Cost of Non-Europe in the Sharing Economy: Economic, Social and Legal Challenges and Opportunities

25-01-2016

This 'Cost of Non-Europe' study examines the current economic, social and legal state of play regarding the sharing economy in the European Union, and identifies the cost of the lack of further European action in this field. The assessment of existing EU and national legislation confirms that there are still significant implementation gaps and areas of poor economic performance. The subsequent examination of areas where it was believed that an economic potential exists highlighted that substantial ...

This 'Cost of Non-Europe' study examines the current economic, social and legal state of play regarding the sharing economy in the European Union, and identifies the cost of the lack of further European action in this field. The assessment of existing EU and national legislation confirms that there are still significant implementation gaps and areas of poor economic performance. The subsequent examination of areas where it was believed that an economic potential exists highlighted that substantial barriers remain, hindering the achievement of the goals set out in the existing legislation. Moreover, some issues are not or are insufficiently addressed (e.g. status of workers employed by sharing economy service providers). Consequently, more European action would be necessary to achieve the full economic potential of the sharing economy. In doing so, policy-makers should seek to ensure an adequate balance between creative freedom for business and the necessary regulatory protection. This research estimates the potential economic gain linked with a better use of capacities (otherwise under-used) as a result of the sharing economy is €572 billion in annual consumption across the EU-28. This figure should nevertheless be considered with caution; substantial barriers prevent the full benefits from being realised, and could reduce the value of potential increased use to up to €18 billion in the shorter-term and up to €134 billion in the medium  and longer term, depending on the scale of regulatory obstacles.

Comparison of the EU Service Offers for the TTIP and TiSA Negotiations

11-12-2015

A comparison of the services offers which the European Union has made for the negotiations on the EU-US Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) and the Trade in Services Agreement (TiSA) shows that, in general, both treaties follow similar approaches and points of difference are minor; both TiSA and TTIP apply a positive listing approach in regards to market access and negative listing in regards to national treatment, and the rules governing market access and national treatment do ...

A comparison of the services offers which the European Union has made for the negotiations on the EU-US Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) and the Trade in Services Agreement (TiSA) shows that, in general, both treaties follow similar approaches and points of difference are minor; both TiSA and TTIP apply a positive listing approach in regards to market access and negative listing in regards to national treatment, and the rules governing market access and national treatment do not differ between the two agreements. The most significant differences in sector-specific provisions are featured in the transport sector and educational services, while the highest harmonisation of provisions is in the energy sector and communications. Overall, the service provisions in TiSA and TTIP are very similar, although it seems that the level of trade liberalization is higher is TiSA.

Externý autor

Christopher HARTWELL, Jan TERESIŃSKI, Bartosz RADZIKOWSKI and Karolina BEAUMONT

Nadchádzajúce podujatia

16-06-2021
Public hearing on “Future of EU-UK fisheries relations after Brexit”
Vypočutie -
PECH
16-06-2021
FISC meets with Finance Committee of the Assemblée nationale
Ďalšie podujatia -
FISC
16-06-2021
Joint Hearing on "How to treat farmers in a fair and equal manner across the EU"
Vypočutie -
PETI AGRI

Partneri