14

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Oblasť politiky
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Mobilisation of the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund – Technical assistance

11-06-2020

The European Commission has proposed to mobilise €345 000 for technical assistance to the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund (EGF). The European Parliament’s Committee on Budgets backs this proposal, underlining that the EGF can be used to support permanently dismissed workers and the self-employed in the context of the global crisis caused by the Covid-19 pandemic. Parliament is expected to vote on this proposal during the June plenary session.

The European Commission has proposed to mobilise €345 000 for technical assistance to the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund (EGF). The European Parliament’s Committee on Budgets backs this proposal, underlining that the EGF can be used to support permanently dismissed workers and the self-employed in the context of the global crisis caused by the Covid-19 pandemic. Parliament is expected to vote on this proposal during the June plenary session.

Temporary support to mitigate unemployment risks in an emergency (SURE)

15-04-2020

The coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) is having a major negative impact on employment. As part of the EU’s response to the crisis, the European Commission has proposed the creation of SURE, a temporary instrument to complement national efforts to protect employees and the self-employed from the risk of unemployment and loss of income. Under the scheme, the EU would be able to provide financial support worth up to €100 billion to 'short-time work' schemes and other national measures that have this objective ...

The coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) is having a major negative impact on employment. As part of the EU’s response to the crisis, the European Commission has proposed the creation of SURE, a temporary instrument to complement national efforts to protect employees and the self-employed from the risk of unemployment and loss of income. Under the scheme, the EU would be able to provide financial support worth up to €100 billion to 'short-time work' schemes and other national measures that have this objective. The Eurogroup has welcomed the proposal, which the Council should now fine-tune and adopt rapidly. While the instrument is linked to the EU budget through a guarantee scheme, Parliament is not involved in the legislative procedure due to the legal basis.

Brexit and Migration

16-10-2018

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs, at the request of the European Parliament Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE Committee), focuses on the future relationship between the UK and the EU following the UK’s withdrawal from the EU in the field of migration (excluding asylum), including future movement of EU citizens and UK nationals between the EU and UK. Moreover, it investigates the role ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs, at the request of the European Parliament Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE Committee), focuses on the future relationship between the UK and the EU following the UK’s withdrawal from the EU in the field of migration (excluding asylum), including future movement of EU citizens and UK nationals between the EU and UK. Moreover, it investigates the role of the Court of Justice of the EU.

Externý autor

Carolus Grütters, Elspeth Guild, Paul Minderhoud, Ricky van Oers, Tineke Strik

Implementation of the Social Pillar

05-12-2017

The European Pillar of Social Rights ('Social Pillar') was proclaimed and signed jointly by the Commission, Council and European Parliament, on 17 November 2017 at the Gothenburg Social Summit. The main challenge remains bringing this reference framework to all citizens across the EU. Due to limited EU competence in the social field, implementation is for the Member States, in cooperation with social partners. Parliament has repeatedly promoted the importance of focusing on three elements in the ...

The European Pillar of Social Rights ('Social Pillar') was proclaimed and signed jointly by the Commission, Council and European Parliament, on 17 November 2017 at the Gothenburg Social Summit. The main challenge remains bringing this reference framework to all citizens across the EU. Due to limited EU competence in the social field, implementation is for the Member States, in cooperation with social partners. Parliament has repeatedly promoted the importance of focusing on three elements in the implementation process: a life-cycle approach, governance and funding. The December plenary is due to hear statements from the Commission and Council, prior to the European Council meeting in December, at which there is to be further discussion on the social dimension of the EU, including education.

Vzájomné uznávanie diplomov

01-11-2017

Sloboda usadiť sa a sloboda poskytovať služby sú základnými kameňmi jednotného trhu, pričom umožňujú mobilitu podnikania a odborníkov v celej EÚ. Vykonávanie týchto slobôd predpokladá celkové uznávanie diplomov a kvalifikácií vydaných jednotlivými štátmi. Pre ich harmonizáciu a vzájomné uznávanie boli prijaté rôzne opatrenia a ďalšie právne predpisy v tejto oblasti sú pripravované.

Sloboda usadiť sa a sloboda poskytovať služby sú základnými kameňmi jednotného trhu, pričom umožňujú mobilitu podnikania a odborníkov v celej EÚ. Vykonávanie týchto slobôd predpokladá celkové uznávanie diplomov a kvalifikácií vydaných jednotlivými štátmi. Pre ich harmonizáciu a vzájomné uznávanie boli prijaté rôzne opatrenia a ďalšie právne predpisy v tejto oblasti sú pripravované.

Sloboda usadiť sa a sloboda poskytovať služby

01-06-2017

Ako sa ustanovuje v Zmluve o fungovaní Európskej únie a zdôrazňuje prostredníctvom judikatúry Súdneho dvora Európskej únie, sloboda usadiť sa a sloboda poskytovať služby zaručujú mobilitu podnikania a odborníkov v rámci EÚ. Čo sa týka ďalšieho uplatňovania týchto dvoch slobôd, očakávania týkajúce sa smernice o službách z roku 2006 sú veľké, pretože má zásadný význam pre dokončenie vnútorného trhu.

Ako sa ustanovuje v Zmluve o fungovaní Európskej únie a zdôrazňuje prostredníctvom judikatúry Súdneho dvora Európskej únie, sloboda usadiť sa a sloboda poskytovať služby zaručujú mobilitu podnikania a odborníkov v rámci EÚ. Čo sa týka ďalšieho uplatňovania týchto dvoch slobôd, očakávania týkajúce sa smernice o službách z roku 2006 sú veľké, pretože má zásadný význam pre dokončenie vnútorného trhu.

Enhancement of social legislation in road transport II (Working time and enforcement of Regulation 561/2006)

15-05-2017

Directives 2002/15 and 2006/22 lay down rules on the working time of professional drivers, breaks, and enforcement of Regulation 561/2006 on the harmonisation of certain social legislation relating to road transport. Various sources show that there are currently several challenges linked with the implementation of social legislation in road transport in the Member States. These challenges include diverging enforcement practice across the various EU Member States, a lack of clarity in the legislation ...

Directives 2002/15 and 2006/22 lay down rules on the working time of professional drivers, breaks, and enforcement of Regulation 561/2006 on the harmonisation of certain social legislation relating to road transport. Various sources show that there are currently several challenges linked with the implementation of social legislation in road transport in the Member States. These challenges include diverging enforcement practice across the various EU Member States, a lack of clarity in the legislation, the broad discretion left to Member States, and various exemptions allowed by the legislation. These challenges are affecting harmonisation in the field of road transport; they have an impact on legal certainty and are hindering the fulfilment of the legislation's objectives. The European Parliament has noted these issues and has called for them to be resolved. Similarly, the European Economic and Social Committee has recommended updating the current legislation, while representatives of various stakeholder groups have called for amendments in this field. Last, but not least, the European Commission itself has expressed its willingness to revise these directives as part of the enhancement of social legislation in road transport. It is expected that the European Commission will submit a proposal in the second quarter of 2017.

Risk of Precariousness: Results from European Working Conditions Survey 2010 and 2015

13-03-2017

This note analyses patterns of job quality across types of employment as regards the dimensions of working conditions reported in the European Working Conditions Surveys from 2010 and 2015. Job quality in Europe did not change significantly between 2010 and 2015 - this is the main result referring to reported objective, rather objective and subjective perceptions of working conditions in this dataset. Full-time and part-time open-ended contracts as well as self-employment with employees continue ...

This note analyses patterns of job quality across types of employment as regards the dimensions of working conditions reported in the European Working Conditions Surveys from 2010 and 2015. Job quality in Europe did not change significantly between 2010 and 2015 - this is the main result referring to reported objective, rather objective and subjective perceptions of working conditions in this dataset. Full-time and part-time open-ended contracts as well as self-employment with employees continue to be associated with the lowest risk of precariousness whereas marginal-part-time work, fixed-term contracts and freelance work exhibit by a medium level of precariousness risks. The risk of precariousness is highest and tends to increase for temporary agency workers. The note has been prepared by Policy Department A at request of the Employment and Social Affairs Committee.

Externý autor

Werner Eichhorst and Verena Tobsch

Social, Economic and Legal Consequences of Uber and Similar Transportation Network Companies (TNCs)

15-10-2015

Commercial success and massive uptake of services provided by companies such as Uber trigger a number of questions for regulators both in the United States and in the European Union. The main question is if such web based applications or platforms merit their success solely to innovation or if their success is due to exploitation of loopholes in regulatory requirements. Citizens and consumer organisations question if regulatory responses to these innovative services are dictated by genuine concerns ...

Commercial success and massive uptake of services provided by companies such as Uber trigger a number of questions for regulators both in the United States and in the European Union. The main question is if such web based applications or platforms merit their success solely to innovation or if their success is due to exploitation of loopholes in regulatory requirements. Citizens and consumer organisations question if regulatory responses to these innovative services are dictated by genuine concerns over proper regulation of transportation services and consumer safety or constitute a protection of traditional incumbent transport operators.

Civil-Law Expert Reports in the EU: National Rules and Practices

29-05-2015

Upon request by the JURI Committee, this in-depth analysis compares national rules and practices governing expert reports in the civil law area. All EU Member States expect experts to be competent, independent and impartial. The method of recruitment and rights and obligations of experts still vary. The lack of public registers is an obstacle to their appointment. Only judges can authorise an expert report and generally define the mission, but it is not the case everywhere that they are given the ...

Upon request by the JURI Committee, this in-depth analysis compares national rules and practices governing expert reports in the civil law area. All EU Member States expect experts to be competent, independent and impartial. The method of recruitment and rights and obligations of experts still vary. The lack of public registers is an obstacle to their appointment. Only judges can authorise an expert report and generally define the mission, but it is not the case everywhere that they are given the powers to oversee how the process is carried out. It is not universally the case that EU Member States require experts to respect the adversarial principle, and they do not require expert reports to be structured in any particular way.

Externý autor

Alain NUEE

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