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The EU cereals sector: Main features, challenges and prospects

05-09-2019

Food and agriculture systems are central to the well-being of humanity. When considering food security, these systems are needed not just to provide safe, healthy food but also livelihoods and incomes to a large number of farmers. These same systems are integral to rural and economic development. Core to the food security objective is the production of cereals across the globe to meet the increasing demands for food, animal feed and biofuels. In the EU, the cereals sector accounted for approximately ...

Food and agriculture systems are central to the well-being of humanity. When considering food security, these systems are needed not just to provide safe, healthy food but also livelihoods and incomes to a large number of farmers. These same systems are integral to rural and economic development. Core to the food security objective is the production of cereals across the globe to meet the increasing demands for food, animal feed and biofuels. In the EU, the cereals sector accounted for approximately 11 % of the total output value of agricultural production in 2016, third in line after the vegetable/horticultural and the dairy sectors. It is an important sector for many Member States, particularly the northern ones, where it is well developed. All Member States produce some combination of cereal crops. The EU cereals sector is facing challenges not only structurally but also financially and climatically. Developments in the policy framework as evidenced by the new common agricultural policy (CAP) proposals as well as advances in scientific and technological spheres, such as plant breeding and digitalisation, point the way to a more efficient sector. Yet, the sectoral challenges are many. The process of CAP reform for the post-2020 period promising a new delivery model and strategic plans is a departure from the known. World agricultural markets face new uncertainties that, on the supply side, include regulatory responses to new plant breeding techniques and responses to the increasing likelihood of extreme climatic events. The cereals sector is one operating in a farming environment trying to combat the loss of plant protection products previously relied upon, and in a world coming to terms with how to make the Paris Agreement a reality. These challenges will all influence the profitability and survivability of the sector.

GMO cultivation in the EU: State of play

11-11-2015

Genetically modified (GM) crops require prior assessment and authorisation at EU level before they may be cultivated within the European Union. Since March 2015, Member States have new possibilities to restrict the cultivation of a given GM organism on all or part of their territory. By 3 October 2015, 19 Member States had entered requests to ban GM cultivation. By 9 November 2015, bans on GM cultivation had been agreed for all 19.

Genetically modified (GM) crops require prior assessment and authorisation at EU level before they may be cultivated within the European Union. Since March 2015, Member States have new possibilities to restrict the cultivation of a given GM organism on all or part of their territory. By 3 October 2015, 19 Member States had entered requests to ban GM cultivation. By 9 November 2015, bans on GM cultivation had been agreed for all 19.

Member States' bans on GMO cultivation

05-01-2015

Parliament and Council reached a trilogue agreement at second reading in December 2014 on legislation proposed by the Commission in 2010, granting Member States more freedom to decide over cultivation of genetically modified organisms on their territory. The Plenary will vote on whether to confirm the agreed text.

Parliament and Council reached a trilogue agreement at second reading in December 2014 on legislation proposed by the Commission in 2010, granting Member States more freedom to decide over cultivation of genetically modified organisms on their territory. The Plenary will vote on whether to confirm the agreed text.

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