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RESEARCH FOR TRAN COMMITTEE: The impact of emerging technologies on the transport system

23-11-2020

This study provides an overview of the impact of Smart Mobility and their underlying emerging technologies on transport, the transport infrastructure and society. The main challenges for the deployment of Smart Mobility applications are identified and (policy) actions are defined that could be taken to overcome these challenges.

This study provides an overview of the impact of Smart Mobility and their underlying emerging technologies on transport, the transport infrastructure and society. The main challenges for the deployment of Smart Mobility applications are identified and (policy) actions are defined that could be taken to overcome these challenges.

Externý autor

CE Delft: Arno SCHROTEN, Anouk van GRINSVEN, Eric TOL, Louis LEESTEMAKER TNO: Peter-Paul SCHACKMANN, Diana VONK NOORDEGRAAF, Jaco van MEIJEREN, Sytze KALISVAART

Artificial intelligence in transport: Current and future developments, opportunities and challenges

27-03-2019

Artificial intelligence is changing the transport sector. From helping cars, trains, ships and aeroplanes to function autonomously, to making traffic flows smoother, it is already applied in numerous transport fields. Beyond making our lives easier, it can help to make all transport modes safer, cleaner, smarter and more efficient. Artificial intelligence-led autonomous transport could for instance help to reduce the human errors that are involved in many traffic accidents. However, with these opportunities ...

Artificial intelligence is changing the transport sector. From helping cars, trains, ships and aeroplanes to function autonomously, to making traffic flows smoother, it is already applied in numerous transport fields. Beyond making our lives easier, it can help to make all transport modes safer, cleaner, smarter and more efficient. Artificial intelligence-led autonomous transport could for instance help to reduce the human errors that are involved in many traffic accidents. However, with these opportunities come real challenges, including unintended consequences and misuse such as cyber-attacks and biased decisions about transport. There are also ramifications for employment, and ethical questions regarding liability for the decisions taken by artificial intelligence in the place of humans. The EU is taking steps to adapt its regulatory framework to these developments, so that it supports innovation while at the same time ensuring respect for fundamental values and rights. The measures already taken include general strategies on artificial intelligence and rules that support the technologies enabling the application of artificial intelligence in transport. In addition, the EU provides financial support, in particular for research.

Cestná doprava: dopravné a bezpečnostné normy

01-11-2017

Cieľom Európskej únie je vytvoriť v rokoch 2010 – 2020 európsky priestor bezpečnosti cestnej premávky. V tejto oblasti sú právomoci najmä na vnútroštátnej úrovni. Európske opatrenia sa preto týkajú technického stavu vozidiel, prepravy nebezpečného tovaru a bezpečnosti ciest.

Cieľom Európskej únie je vytvoriť v rokoch 2010 – 2020 európsky priestor bezpečnosti cestnej premávky. V tejto oblasti sú právomoci najmä na vnútroštátnej úrovni. Európske opatrenia sa preto týkajú technického stavu vozidiel, prepravy nebezpečného tovaru a bezpečnosti ciest.

EU strategy on cooperative intelligent transport systems

31-08-2017

Digital technologies, and systems based on them, are being rapidly introduced in transport all over the world. Cooperative intelligent transport systems (C-ITS) in road transport are part of this development, and one element in a wider drive towards vehicle automation. These systems use technologies allowing road vehicles to communicate with other vehicles or road users and roadside infrastructure. By increasing the quality and reliability of information, C-ITS can improve road safety and traffic ...

Digital technologies, and systems based on them, are being rapidly introduced in transport all over the world. Cooperative intelligent transport systems (C-ITS) in road transport are part of this development, and one element in a wider drive towards vehicle automation. These systems use technologies allowing road vehicles to communicate with other vehicles or road users and roadside infrastructure. By increasing the quality and reliability of information, C-ITS can improve road safety and traffic efficiency as well as reduce energy consumption and emissions from transport, provided that cyber security and data protection are ensured. The European Commission has put forward a strategy outlining the path towards commercial deployment of C-ITS in the EU by 2019, seeking to avoid market fragmentation and maintain EU competitiveness. The main steps proposed are to adopt a legal framework for providing investors with legal certainty, to make EU funding available for projects, and to continue cooperation with EU stakeholders and international partners. The strategy addresses key issues such as data protection and cyber-security, systems interoperability and technical specifications. In the meantime, several ongoing pilot projects are consolidating the experience to be shared. The European Parliament, a long-time supporter of C-ITS and defender of personal data protection, is preparing a report on the strategy.

Ten more technologies which could change our lives

14-07-2017

In 2015, the European Parliament's Directorate-General for Parliamentary Research Services (DG EPRS) broke new ground with its publication 'Ten technologies which could change our lives – potential impacts and policy implications', with each chapter highlighting a particular technology, its promises and potential negative consequences, and the role that the European Parliament could and should play in shaping these developments. This new study continues this work, presenting ten additional technologies ...

In 2015, the European Parliament's Directorate-General for Parliamentary Research Services (DG EPRS) broke new ground with its publication 'Ten technologies which could change our lives – potential impacts and policy implications', with each chapter highlighting a particular technology, its promises and potential negative consequences, and the role that the European Parliament could and should play in shaping these developments. This new study continues this work, presenting ten additional technologies that will increasingly require the attention of policy-makers. The topics for the current study have been chosen to reflect the wide range of topics that the Parliament's Science and Technology Options Assessment (STOA) Panel has decided to focus upon for the eighth parliamentary term (2014-2019). The aim of the publication is not only to draw attention to these ten particular technologies, but also to promote further reflection about other technological developments that may still be at an early stage but that could, in a similar way, massively impact our lives in the short- or longer-term future.

Towards low-emission EU mobility

21-03-2017

While EU transport systems provide the mobility European society needs, they also create severe environmental pressures and are responsible for a quarter of EU greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Transport activity is expected to grow still further and become the largest source of EU GHG emissions after 2030. Meanwhile, the EU has joined global efforts to limit climate change and pledged to reduce its CO2 emissions significantly. In line with this commitment, it has set out to transform itself into a ...

While EU transport systems provide the mobility European society needs, they also create severe environmental pressures and are responsible for a quarter of EU greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Transport activity is expected to grow still further and become the largest source of EU GHG emissions after 2030. Meanwhile, the EU has joined global efforts to limit climate change and pledged to reduce its CO2 emissions significantly. In line with this commitment, it has set out to transform itself into a low-carbon economy. This implies a systemic change towards low-emission mobility, which in turn requires modern and clean transport without compromising European mobility and competitiveness. The European Commission has put forward a comprehensive strategy for low-emission mobility to accelerate the transformation, focusing on three main areas. Firstly, it seeks to improve transport-system efficiency by employing digital technologies, smart road charging and promoting multimodality. Secondly, it encourages the deployment of low-emission alternative energy for transport, such as electricity and advanced biofuels. And thirdly, it outlines measures for moving towards zero-emission vehicles. In addition, several horizontal initiatives seek to provide coherence between transport and other policy areas and create an environment enabling new digital technologies, research and innovation, energy, investment, and skills. While reactions to the strategy have mainly been positive, stakeholders also stressed the need for a technology-neutral approach, taking the whole emission cycle and the need for a level playing field between transport modes into account.

Research for TRAN Committee – Self-Piloted Cars: The Future of Road Transport?

15-03-2016

The study provides an analysis of the development of automated vehicles inside and outside the EU, including both the technologies which are already on the market and those under testing and research. The EU is giving increasing attention to automated and connected vehicles as they could have huge impacts on road safety, travel behaviour and urban development. The study reports on state of the art key research projects and large scale testing in this area and discusses future pathways and potential ...

The study provides an analysis of the development of automated vehicles inside and outside the EU, including both the technologies which are already on the market and those under testing and research. The EU is giving increasing attention to automated and connected vehicles as they could have huge impacts on road safety, travel behaviour and urban development. The study reports on state of the art key research projects and large scale testing in this area and discusses future pathways and potential impacts of increasing vehicle automation. It concludes with recommendations on aspects that should be considered when shaping policies to sustain the research and development, and bringing to market, of highly automated and connected vehicles.

Externý autor

Roberta Frisoni, Andrea Dall’Oglio, Craig Nelson, James Long, Christoph Vollath, Davide Ranghetti and Sarah McMinimy

Research for TRAN Committee - Logistics in the TEN-T Corridors

14-03-2016

This note assesses the status of logistics and the way to achieve a performing multi-modal transport system on the TEN-T core network by making use of/improving existing policy instruments. It shows that interoperability of railways and multi-modal terminals are crucial issues along the nine corridors of the core network.

This note assesses the status of logistics and the way to achieve a performing multi-modal transport system on the TEN-T core network by making use of/improving existing policy instruments. It shows that interoperability of railways and multi-modal terminals are crucial issues along the nine corridors of the core network.

Externý autor

Wolfgang Schade, Werner Rothengatter and Simon Mader

Sustainable urban mobility gaining ground

02-03-2016

Cities are home to more than 70% of the EU population and generate about 85% of its GDP. As urban mobility relies heavily on conventionally fuelled private cars, cities suffocate from traffic congestion and pollution. Furthermore, urban CO2 emissions account for about 23% of the EU total and reducing them is key for meeting the EU's emissions reduction targets – in the spotlight since the United Nations COP21 Paris climate conference. The sustainable mobility concept addresses urban issues as a whole ...

Cities are home to more than 70% of the EU population and generate about 85% of its GDP. As urban mobility relies heavily on conventionally fuelled private cars, cities suffocate from traffic congestion and pollution. Furthermore, urban CO2 emissions account for about 23% of the EU total and reducing them is key for meeting the EU's emissions reduction targets – in the spotlight since the United Nations COP21 Paris climate conference. The sustainable mobility concept addresses urban issues as a whole, promoting a shift towards greener transport, to make cities more liveable. This is an updated version of the text PE 572.788, prepared for the December 2015 plenary.

Research for TRAN Committee - The World is Changing. Transport Too.

15-01-2016

The (more and more urban) European population is growing and ageing. Mobile information and communication technologies are developing rapidly. Global competition and the fight against climate change are pressing. These developments all have an impact on transport as a whole. As this paper shows, mobility needs and patterns evolve; new transport services/systems emerge; transportation technologies aim to become more 'environmentally-efficient'. This transformation challenges the existing transport ...

The (more and more urban) European population is growing and ageing. Mobile information and communication technologies are developing rapidly. Global competition and the fight against climate change are pressing. These developments all have an impact on transport as a whole. As this paper shows, mobility needs and patterns evolve; new transport services/systems emerge; transportation technologies aim to become more 'environmentally-efficient'. This transformation challenges the existing transport sector's structure and governance and calls for major changes in the regulatory framework.

Externý autor

Greg Marsden, Peter Atkinson, Julian Burkinshaw, Holly Edwards, Ian Jones, Karen Lucas, Giulio Mattioli, Kate Palmer, Louise Reardon, Zia Wadud, Tony Whiteing, Magda Cepeda, Janine Morley, Weert Canzler, Andreas Knie, Matthias Finger, Nadia Bert and David Kupfer

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