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While shell companies – company entities that have no or minimal economic activity – can serve useful commercial and business functions, they are sometimes abused by companies or individuals for aggressive tax planning or tax evasion. To ensure sustainable public finances under the exceptional circumstances imposed by the Covid-19 pandemic, in December 2021, the European Commission presented a proposal on preventing shell companies from misusing their structure for tax purposes ('Unshell'). The proposal ...

The EU policy reform on harmful tax practices (HTP) has been pushed up the agenda for several reasons: the significant loss of revenue due to tax evasion and tax avoidance while Member States are addressing the huge economic impacts of the pandemic, public and parliamentary pressure, and several high-profile revelations of questionable tax-related practices. An own-initiative procedure was launched in autumn 2020 by the Subcommittee on Tax Matters (FISC), and a vote on the report of the Economic ...

This study analyses the gaps and challenges in the EU corporate income tax (CIT) legislation, and evaluate the European Added Value (EAV) of potential policy options to address these challenges. A thorough comparative economic analysis is made of the EAV of a series of scenarios, based upon the policy options identified. The results confirm that complexity remains by far the greatest factor behind both the CIT gap and the high level of compliance costs for businesses. Insufficient transparency, lack ...

Member States have agreed that the definitive VAT reform in the EU should proceed only if it can be demonstrated that its impact on reducing the VAT gap is substantial and if the burden on businesses is also reduced. This study analyses these issues in detail, with a view to identifying possible challenges for the EU and on evaluating the European Added Value (EAV) of potential policy options to address these challenges. The study also includes a thorough comparative economic analysis of the EAV ...

Value added tax (VAT) fraud has an extensive impact on the European Union (EU) budget. As missing trader intra-community (MTIC) fraud is the biggest kind of VAT fraud it would be beneficial to fight this kind of fraud to a larger extent.

Fiscalis programme 2021-2027

Na kratko 12-05-2021

In 2018, the Commission presented a proposal for a regulation establishing the Fiscalis programme for cooperation in the field of taxation in the 2021-2027 period. The programme aims to support tax authorities and enhance the functioning of the single market and competitiveness; and to protect the financial and economic interests of the European Union. Following an early second-reading agreement reached with the Council in trilogue negotiations in March 2021, Parliament is expected to vote in May ...

The digitalisation of the economy opens the door to new cross-border economic activities that makes it possible to under-report income and under-pay tax. It also presents new challenges for tax administrations, already faced with limited access to information at the national level. Hence, in July 2020 the Commission proposed to amend the provisions on information exchange and administrative cooperation and to include the automatic exchange of data on information declared by digital platform operators ...

Addressing the VAT gap in the EU

Briefing 17-12-2020

Among indirect taxes, value added tax (VAT) has the highest share in the Member States' indirect taxation revenues and is an important source of income for the EU budget too. Therefore, estimations and actions to narrow the difference between expected and actual VAT revenues – the VAT gap – are important. According to the European Commission, the EU VAT gap stood at €140 billion in 2018 and could fall below €130 billion in 2019. However, Covid-19-related containment measures have hurt Member States ...

This briefing is one in a set looking at the Commissioners-designate and their portfolios as put forward by Commission President-elect Ursula von der Leyen. Each candidate faces a three-hour public hearing, organised by one or more parliamentary committees. After that process, those committees will judge the candidates' suitability for the role based on 'their general competence, European commitment and personal independence', as well as their 'knowledge of their prospective portfolio and their communication ...

The common European value added tax (VAT) system was set up in 1967, and reformed in 1993, to adapt it to the entry into force of the European Union (EU) internal market. The existing rules governing intra Community trade were therefore intended to be transitory. While VAT has become an important source of revenue for both national governments and the EU budget, the current system is ill-adapted to the challenges of a modern economy. A substantial review was initiated as from 2016, to update the ...