8

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Politično področje
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Industry 4.0

15-02-2016

This study, prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the ITRE committee, analyses the Industry 4.0 Initiative which encompasses the digitalisation of production processes based on devices autonomously communicating with each other along the value chain. It considers the potential of the initiative and business paradigm changes and impacts of this transformation. The study assesses the rationale for public intervention and outlines measures that could be adopted to increase the gains and ...

This study, prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the ITRE committee, analyses the Industry 4.0 Initiative which encompasses the digitalisation of production processes based on devices autonomously communicating with each other along the value chain. It considers the potential of the initiative and business paradigm changes and impacts of this transformation. The study assesses the rationale for public intervention and outlines measures that could be adopted to increase the gains and limit the threats from Industry 4.0.

Zunanji avtor

Jan SMIT (Centre for Strategy & Evaluation Services LLP), Stephan KREUTZER (Centre for Strategy & Evaluation Services LLP), Carolin MOELLER (Centre for Strategy & Evaluation Services LLP) and Malin CARLBERG (Centre for Strategy & Evaluation Services LLP)

Comparison of the EU Service Offers for the TTIP and TiSA Negotiations

11-12-2015

A comparison of the services offers which the European Union has made for the negotiations on the EU-US Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) and the Trade in Services Agreement (TiSA) shows that, in general, both treaties follow similar approaches and points of difference are minor; both TiSA and TTIP apply a positive listing approach in regards to market access and negative listing in regards to national treatment, and the rules governing market access and national treatment do ...

A comparison of the services offers which the European Union has made for the negotiations on the EU-US Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) and the Trade in Services Agreement (TiSA) shows that, in general, both treaties follow similar approaches and points of difference are minor; both TiSA and TTIP apply a positive listing approach in regards to market access and negative listing in regards to national treatment, and the rules governing market access and national treatment do not differ between the two agreements. The most significant differences in sector-specific provisions are featured in the transport sector and educational services, while the highest harmonisation of provisions is in the energy sector and communications. Overall, the service provisions in TiSA and TTIP are very similar, although it seems that the level of trade liberalization is higher is TiSA.

Zunanji avtor

Christopher HARTWELL, Jan TERESIŃSKI, Bartosz RADZIKOWSKI and Karolina BEAUMONT

Industry 4.0: Digitalisation for productivity and growth

22-09-2015

Many observers believe that Europe is at the beginning of a new industrial revolution, considered to be the fourth such leap forward and hence labelled Industry 4.0. The ubiquitous use of sensors, the expansion of wireless communication and networks, the deployment of increasingly intelligent robots and machines – as well as increased computing power at lower cost and the development of 'big data' analytics – has the potential to transform the way goods are manufactured in Europe. This new, digital ...

Many observers believe that Europe is at the beginning of a new industrial revolution, considered to be the fourth such leap forward and hence labelled Industry 4.0. The ubiquitous use of sensors, the expansion of wireless communication and networks, the deployment of increasingly intelligent robots and machines – as well as increased computing power at lower cost and the development of 'big data' analytics – has the potential to transform the way goods are manufactured in Europe. This new, digital industrial revolution holds the promise of increased flexibility in manufacturing, mass customisation, increased speed, better quality and improved productivity. However to capture these benefits, enterprises will need to invest in equipment, information and communication technologies (ICTs) and data analysis as well as the integration of data flows throughout the global value chain. The EU supports industrial change through its industrial policy and through research and infrastructure funding. Member States are also sponsoring national initiatives such as Industrie 4.0 in Germany, the Factory of the Future in France and Italy, and Catapult centres in the UK. However challenges remain. The need for investment, changing business models, data issues, legal questions of liability and intellectual property, standards, and skills mismatches are among the challenges that must be met if benefits are to be gained from new manufacturing and industrial technologies. If these obstacles can be overcome, Industry 4.0 may help to reverse the past decline in industrialisation and increase total value added from manufacturing to a targeted 20% of all value added by 2020. Please click here for the full publication in PDF format

Commitments Made at the Hearing of Günther Oettinger - Commissioner-Designate

06-11-2014

In his answers to the questionnaire and during the hearing on 29 September 2014 before the Committee in Industry, Research and Energy and the Committee on Culture and Education, commissioner-designate Günther Oettinger made a number of commitments.

In his answers to the questionnaire and during the hearing on 29 September 2014 before the Committee in Industry, Research and Energy and the Committee on Culture and Education, commissioner-designate Günther Oettinger made a number of commitments.

Contractual Arrangements Applicable to Creators: Law and Practice of Selected Member States

15-01-2014

This report discusses the legal framework applicable to copyright contracts as well as the practices in artistic sectors. A careful revision of the copyright provisions, contractual law principles and case law in 8 Member States is presented together with a more specific analysis of a set of issues particularly relevant nowadays, such as collective bargaining, digital exploitation, imbalanced contracts, and reversion rights, among others. A set of recommendations aiming at improving the level of ...

This report discusses the legal framework applicable to copyright contracts as well as the practices in artistic sectors. A careful revision of the copyright provisions, contractual law principles and case law in 8 Member States is presented together with a more specific analysis of a set of issues particularly relevant nowadays, such as collective bargaining, digital exploitation, imbalanced contracts, and reversion rights, among others. A set of recommendations aiming at improving the level of fairness in copyright contracts is proposed at the end of the study.

Zunanji avtor

Séverine Dusollier (CRIDS, University of Namur), Caroline Ker (CRIDS, University of Namur), Maria Iglesias (KEA – European Affairs) and Yolanda Smits (KEA – European Affairs) , National reports contributions: Séverine Dusollier (Belgium, France), Caroline Ker (Belgium, France), Maria Iglesias (Spain), Thomas Hoeren (Germany), Antonina Bakardjieva (Sweden), Anna Hammaren (Sweden), Péter Mezei (Hungary), Maciej Barczewski (Poland, assisted by Mr Michal Cieszewski) and Estelle Derclaye (United Kingdom)

The Potential for Cultural Exchanges between the European Union and Third Countries - the Case of China

15-04-2009

This study provides an overview of the cultural sector in China, going on to describe the current state of cultural exchanges between the EU and its Member States and China. It concludes by providing ideas for policymakers on how such exchanges can be strengthened. China is taken here as a test case for the EU's cultural policy towards third countries in general.

This study provides an overview of the cultural sector in China, going on to describe the current state of cultural exchanges between the EU and its Member States and China. It concludes by providing ideas for policymakers on how such exchanges can be strengthened. China is taken here as a test case for the EU's cultural policy towards third countries in general.

Zunanji avtor

Alain Modot, Héloïse Fontanel, Silvia Angrisani, Pierre Jalladeau, Abel Ségrétin, Bérénice Angremy, Li Hua, Bi Dongna (Media Consulting Group - Paris, Brussels and Beijing)

The Comparative Study of the Cultural Products and Services Industry EU-USA

15-07-2003

The focus of the study is the cultural products and services industries in the EU, and similar sectors in the US. There have been a number of definitions of the cultural industries sector proposed by various governments and other agencies, and this study will focus on the following sectors as they are generally acknowledged as the main areas of potential economic impact: • Audiovisual: including cinema, video and DVD • Broadcasting: including television and radio • The music recording industry • ...

The focus of the study is the cultural products and services industries in the EU, and similar sectors in the US. There have been a number of definitions of the cultural industries sector proposed by various governments and other agencies, and this study will focus on the following sectors as they are generally acknowledged as the main areas of potential economic impact: • Audiovisual: including cinema, video and DVD • Broadcasting: including television and radio • The music recording industry • Publishing The main purpose of this study is to identify a range of options that the European Parliament could consider, and perhaps adopt as European Community strategy.

Zunanji avtor

EUCLID (Liverpool, United Kingdom)

Globalisation of the Media Industry and Possible Threats to Cultural Diversity

01-07-2001

The objective of this report is to assess if the new circumstances produced by globalisation in the media industry represent a threat for cultural diversity and, if this is the case, to determine the areas affected and evaluate the consequences for the content distributed by the media.

The objective of this report is to assess if the new circumstances produced by globalisation in the media industry represent a threat for cultural diversity and, if this is the case, to determine the areas affected and evaluate the consequences for the content distributed by the media.

Zunanji avtor

Dr Maria Teresa La Porte Alfaro, together with Dr. Teresa Sabada, University of Navarra, Spain

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