11

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StratCom tools: US international broadcasting

01-02-2017

US international broadcasting has been a key instrument in the country's strategic communications (StratCom) toolbox since World War II. Whereas growing propaganda efforts from foreign state and non-state actors have boosted calls for reforms, there is uncertainty over the future US direction.

US international broadcasting has been a key instrument in the country's strategic communications (StratCom) toolbox since World War II. Whereas growing propaganda efforts from foreign state and non-state actors have boosted calls for reforms, there is uncertainty over the future US direction.

EU Strategic Communications with a View to Counteracting Propaganda

26-05-2016

Emanating from Russia in the east and the so-called Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in the south, the EU has been increasingly hit by destabilising messages amounting – in different forms and to different degrees – to coherent hostile ‘strategic communications’ campaigns, or the processes of infusing communications activities with an agenda or plan to impact the behaviour of a target audience. Both Russia and ISIL have engaged in aggressive messaging and deceptive media campaigns, albeit ...

Emanating from Russia in the east and the so-called Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in the south, the EU has been increasingly hit by destabilising messages amounting – in different forms and to different degrees – to coherent hostile ‘strategic communications’ campaigns, or the processes of infusing communications activities with an agenda or plan to impact the behaviour of a target audience. Both Russia and ISIL have engaged in aggressive messaging and deceptive media campaigns, albeit with distinct narratives, targets and audiences. This paper analyses the ‘what’ and the ‘how’: the respective narratives of each actor, their specificities, their similarities and their differences. The analysis also draws attention to strategic communications efforts undertaken by the EU, which are vectored into defensive (react and respond) and offensive (probe and push) dimensions. This understanding of the present context finally allows for an evaluation of what actions can be taken to enhance the effectiveness of the EU’s own strategic communications.

Zunanji avtor

European Union Institute for Security Studies - EUISS, France

Media freedom in the Western Balkans: state of play

04-05-2016

Media freedom is one indicator of a country's commitment to democracy, good governance and political accountability, and thus its readiness for EU membership. As such, it represents a key element in any aspiring country's EU enlargement agenda, along with other fundamentals such as the rule of law and economic governance. Each of the Western Balkan countries – Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo, Montenegro and Serbia – is at a different stage of the ...

Media freedom is one indicator of a country's commitment to democracy, good governance and political accountability, and thus its readiness for EU membership. As such, it represents a key element in any aspiring country's EU enlargement agenda, along with other fundamentals such as the rule of law and economic governance. Each of the Western Balkan countries – Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo, Montenegro and Serbia – is at a different stage of the EU accession process. However, partly as a result of a common recent history, they face similar challenges in the area of media freedom, such as transition from the old regime and the Yugoslav wars, the global economic crisis, rule-of-law deficiencies, and widespread corruption. These factors directly influence the situation of media in the region and add to its complexity. As part of their EU agenda, the Western Balkan countries have largely aligned their relevant legislation with EU standards. However, inadequate implementation remains a concern. In all these countries, opaque media ownership, financial instability in the sector, intimidation and pressure on journalists, and poor working conditions, put spokes in the wheel of independent journalism, encourage self-censorship, and broadly interfere with the media's key role in informing the public. Solving media issues and transforming media institutions require long-term engagement, and largely depend on the domestic context and the countries' overall democratic consolidation. However, the EU is also committed to providing legal and financial support to enlargement countries, and to regularly monitoring how the media situation impacts on their overall readiness to join the EU.

Turkey 2014: Work in progress

11-05-2015

2014 got off to a seemingly good start: then Prime Minister, and current President, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan declared it the 'Year of the European Union', demonstrating Ankara's commitment to its EU path. However, several challenges strained Turkey's ties to the EU over the course of the year. Accordingly, the Commission's 2014 progress report highlights various political concerns.

2014 got off to a seemingly good start: then Prime Minister, and current President, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan declared it the 'Year of the European Union', demonstrating Ankara's commitment to its EU path. However, several challenges strained Turkey's ties to the EU over the course of the year. Accordingly, the Commission's 2014 progress report highlights various political concerns.

Ukraine after Minsk II: the next level

16-03-2015

One month after leaders from France, Germany, Ukraine and Russia reached a 13-point peace agreement in Minsk on 12 February 2015 – Minsk II, a follow-up to the September 2014 Minsk Protocol – the ceasefire is shaky, although it has at least reduced the number of deaths in combat, and the pressure on the international community to act continues. While Russia denies accusations that it has been sending troops and weapons to support separatists in Ukraine's east, the undeclared 'hybrid war' is developing ...

One month after leaders from France, Germany, Ukraine and Russia reached a 13-point peace agreement in Minsk on 12 February 2015 – Minsk II, a follow-up to the September 2014 Minsk Protocol – the ceasefire is shaky, although it has at least reduced the number of deaths in combat, and the pressure on the international community to act continues. While Russia denies accusations that it has been sending troops and weapons to support separatists in Ukraine's east, the undeclared 'hybrid war' is developing on all fronts. In the face of a shaky ceasefire and Ukraine's crumbling economy, the EU, the US and major international actors are discussing possible political, military, and economic responses to the deteriorating crisis. At the same time, EU Member States and NATO are stepping up efforts to counter Russia's 'information warfare'. The on-going crisis in Ukraine erupted after former President Viktor Yanukovych refused to sign an Association Agreement with the EU in November 2013 and sought closer ties to Russia. Russia's active role in the eastern Ukraine crisis has exposed divides in the EU and the international community on how to react to hybrid threats. It comes at a time when the effectiveness of the EU's Neighbourhood Policy, including the Eastern Partnership, is being questioned. This briefing is a follow-up to the 12 February 2015 briefing 'Minsk peace agreement: still to be consolidated on the ground'.

Predstavljanje Evrope njenim državljanom: trenutno stanje in obeti

14-11-2014

Študija preverja, kako se Evropo, tako z vidika institucij kot vrednot, predstavlja državljanom. Želi pojasniti prevladujoče trende javnega dojemanja, oceniti komunikacijsko strategijo pomembnih akterjev in nazadnje ponuditi predloge za ukrepe v prihodnosti.

Študija preverja, kako se Evropo, tako z vidika institucij kot vrednot, predstavlja državljanom. Želi pojasniti prevladujoče trende javnega dojemanja, oceniti komunikacijsko strategijo pomembnih akterjev in nazadnje ponuditi predloge za ukrepe v prihodnosti.

Zunanji avtor

Natasha Stroeker, Amber van der Graaf and Bert-Jan Buiskool (Panteia)

Commitments Made at the Hearing of Günther Oettinger - Commissioner-Designate

06-11-2014

In his answers to the questionnaire and during the hearing on 29 September 2014 before the Committee in Industry, Research and Energy and the Committee on Culture and Education, commissioner-designate Günther Oettinger made a number of commitments.

In his answers to the questionnaire and during the hearing on 29 September 2014 before the Committee in Industry, Research and Energy and the Committee on Culture and Education, commissioner-designate Günther Oettinger made a number of commitments.

Regional press in the EU

17-12-2010

The current crisis in the press sector has particularly hit the regional press. State support measures in this sector are in place in most Member States.

The current crisis in the press sector has particularly hit the regional press. State support measures in this sector are in place in most Member States.

Praktični priročnik

15-04-2009

This practical guide provides an overview of the legal background to the respective policy, of its achievements during the 6th term and of the challenges that still remain to be tackled. Additionally, it contains concise information about the activities of Policy Department B and of the services it can provide.

This practical guide provides an overview of the legal background to the respective policy, of its achievements during the 6th term and of the challenges that still remain to be tackled. Additionally, it contains concise information about the activities of Policy Department B and of the services it can provide.

Follow-Up of Non-Legislative Parliamentary Resolutions on Culture and Education 2000-2005

07-09-2006

The document provides information on the European Commission's follow-up of parliamentary texts in the field of competence of the Committee on Culture and Education. Its field of competence focus is on non-legislative texts. It covers the period from 2000 to 2005. The report consists of a compilation of 'SP' documents, produced by the European Commission in order to inform about action taken following a text adopted in Parliament. The compilation is based on a list of the European Commission's ...

The document provides information on the European Commission's follow-up of parliamentary texts in the field of competence of the Committee on Culture and Education. Its field of competence focus is on non-legislative texts. It covers the period from 2000 to 2005. The report consists of a compilation of 'SP' documents, produced by the European Commission in order to inform about action taken following a text adopted in Parliament. The compilation is based on a list of the European Commission's followup, provided by the European Parliament's Plenary Organisation and Follow-up Unit.

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