10

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Politično področje
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Mutual recognition of goods

25-04-2019

The revision of the regulation on mutual recognition of goods was announced in the 2015 Single Market Strategy. The Commission adopted its proposal in December 2017, which aimed to revise previous rules dating from 2008. This regulation aims to improve the rules governing the trade of goods in the single market. Intra-EU trade remains twice as big as extra-EU trade, and is rising constantly. This is, in large part, due to free movement of goods in the EU, which is based on either harmonised product ...

The revision of the regulation on mutual recognition of goods was announced in the 2015 Single Market Strategy. The Commission adopted its proposal in December 2017, which aimed to revise previous rules dating from 2008. This regulation aims to improve the rules governing the trade of goods in the single market. Intra-EU trade remains twice as big as extra-EU trade, and is rising constantly. This is, in large part, due to free movement of goods in the EU, which is based on either harmonised product rules at the EU level or, where there are no harmonised rules, the principle of mutual recognition under which goods lawfully marketed in one Member State may be sold in another Member State. The proposal addressed a number of shortcomings in the application of the mutual recognition principle. A provisional agreement between the co-legislators was reached on 22 November 2018. The text was adopted in plenary in February 2019. The new rules will improve collaboration among national authoritites and enhance the role of national product contact points. They will introduce a faster problem-solving procedure for disputes between companies and national authorities, as well as a new voluntary declaration to be filled in by economic operators to prove lawful marketing in an EU Member State. The new rules will apply from 19 April 2020. Fourth edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. Please note this document has been designed for on-line viewing.

The Polbud judgment and the freedom of establishment for companies in the European Union: problems and perspectives

23-10-2018

The present work provides a study of analysis of the EU Court of Justice’s Polbud judgment on the cross-border conversion. It has been commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee. This study focuses on the implications of the judgment for the freedom of establishment of companies across the EU, including the potential risk of “forum and tax shopping” as well as for the protection of creditors, minority ...

The present work provides a study of analysis of the EU Court of Justice’s Polbud judgment on the cross-border conversion. It has been commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee. This study focuses on the implications of the judgment for the freedom of establishment of companies across the EU, including the potential risk of “forum and tax shopping” as well as for the protection of creditors, minority shareholders and workers.

Zunanji avtor

Simona FRAZZANI Professor Carlo ANGELICI Professor Jochen HOFFMANN Silvia MEDICI, Professor Francesco SCIAUDONE

The institutional architecture of EU anti-fraud measures: Overview of a network

18-06-2018

In the European Union, several institutions, agencies and other bodies (collectively referred to as 'EU authorities') are concerned with preventing and combating fraud related to the EU budget. These EU authorities, and the activities they carry out – including policy-making, monitoring and operational tasks – make up a multi-layered network in which Member States and international organisations are also included. At the domestic level, national authorities contribute by detecting, prosecuting and ...

In the European Union, several institutions, agencies and other bodies (collectively referred to as 'EU authorities') are concerned with preventing and combating fraud related to the EU budget. These EU authorities, and the activities they carry out – including policy-making, monitoring and operational tasks – make up a multi-layered network in which Member States and international organisations are also included. At the domestic level, national authorities contribute by detecting, prosecuting and reporting fraudulent behaviour in the use of European Union funds to the European Commission. At the same time, a number of international organisations coordinate efforts across countries and legal systems to combat fraud. The present analysis offers an overview of this network, with a focus on the European Union institutional framework.

Free movement of goods within the EU single market

19-01-2018

The free movement of goods is one of the four fundamental freedoms of the EU – together with services, capital and people – and a cornerstone of the single market. The rationale of an open market throughout the EU has always been to assist economic growth and competitiveness and therefore promote employment and prosperity. Legislation on the single market for goods (based mainly on Article 28 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, TFEU) aims at ensuring that products placed on the ...

The free movement of goods is one of the four fundamental freedoms of the EU – together with services, capital and people – and a cornerstone of the single market. The rationale of an open market throughout the EU has always been to assist economic growth and competitiveness and therefore promote employment and prosperity. Legislation on the single market for goods (based mainly on Article 28 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, TFEU) aims at ensuring that products placed on the EU market conform to high health, safety and environmental requirements. Once a product is sold legally in the EU, it should circulate without barriers to trade, with a minimum of administrative burden

Political parties in Morocco’s 10th parliament

28-11-2016

On 7 October 2016, Morocco went to the polls for national parliamentary elections. This was the second time that Morocco had held national elections since the 'Arab Spring' had touched it in February 2011. Since the 2011 public protests, a number of constitutional reforms, introduced by King Mohammed VI, have made significant changes to electoral and administrative law. Morocco's Islamic Justice and Development Party (PJD), which won the national elections in 2011, lost to the Authenticity and Modernity ...

On 7 October 2016, Morocco went to the polls for national parliamentary elections. This was the second time that Morocco had held national elections since the 'Arab Spring' had touched it in February 2011. Since the 2011 public protests, a number of constitutional reforms, introduced by King Mohammed VI, have made significant changes to electoral and administrative law. Morocco's Islamic Justice and Development Party (PJD), which won the national elections in 2011, lost to the Authenticity and Modernity Party (PAM) in municipal elections in 2015. On 7 October 2016, the PJD re-emerged as the winner, with PAM in second position. This is an updated version of a note published in June 2015.

CJEU rules sale of bitcoin exempt from VAT

28-11-2016

The legal framework for virtual currencies, such as bitcoin, is still far from clear. One controversial aspect is the status of bitcoins under tax law. In a 2015 judgment, the CJEU provided clarification on the status of bitcoins for the purposes of value added tax.

The legal framework for virtual currencies, such as bitcoin, is still far from clear. One controversial aspect is the status of bitcoins under tax law. In a 2015 judgment, the CJEU provided clarification on the status of bitcoins for the purposes of value added tax.

The Marrakesh Treaty

15-11-2016

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs upon request by the PETI Committee, provides an analysis of the Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Copyright Works for the Blind or Print-Disabled. It explains the background and movements that led to its proposal, negotiation and successful adoption. It then considers the Treaty’s current situation in relation to its content and issues around its ratification, particularly ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs upon request by the PETI Committee, provides an analysis of the Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Copyright Works for the Blind or Print-Disabled. It explains the background and movements that led to its proposal, negotiation and successful adoption. It then considers the Treaty’s current situation in relation to its content and issues around its ratification, particularly by the EU. It finally examines future developments around copyright reform and makes recommendations to EU institutions and Member States.

Zunanji avtor

César J RAMIREZ-MONTES

What next after Opinion 2/13 of the Court of Justice on the accession of the EU to the ECHR?

15-09-2016

Opinion 2/13 of the Court of Justice on the accession of the EU to the European Court of Human Rights highlights the requirements of the autonomy of EU law which may be called into question by accession. However not acceding does not truly guarantee this autonomy because Member States may be brought before the Court when they implement EU law. Under these conditions, both Article 6 TEU and the risks linked to the present situation call for a resumption of the negotiation process. Changes may be made ...

Opinion 2/13 of the Court of Justice on the accession of the EU to the European Court of Human Rights highlights the requirements of the autonomy of EU law which may be called into question by accession. However not acceding does not truly guarantee this autonomy because Member States may be brought before the Court when they implement EU law. Under these conditions, both Article 6 TEU and the risks linked to the present situation call for a resumption of the negotiation process. Changes may be made to the draft agreement to meet the Court’s requirements, the current jurisdictional status of the CFSP being the most problematic factor.

Zunanji avtor

Jean Paul JACQUÉ, Professeur émérite à l’Université de Strasbourg Directeur général honoraire au Conseil de l’Union européenne

Personal data transfers to China

20-06-2016

Developments in online services and cloud computing mean the time has come to pay more attention to the protection afforded to EU citizens when transferring personal data to China.

Developments in online services and cloud computing mean the time has come to pay more attention to the protection afforded to EU citizens when transferring personal data to China.

Transatlantic data flows

23-05-2016

Privacy Shield is a new framework for transatlantic exchanges of personal data, agreed between the European Commission and the US government. Although it has significant improvements compared to its predecessor, Safe Harbour, concerns remain to be addressed before its finalisation.

Privacy Shield is a new framework for transatlantic exchanges of personal data, agreed between the European Commission and the US government. Although it has significant improvements compared to its predecessor, Safe Harbour, concerns remain to be addressed before its finalisation.

Prihajajoči dogodki

20-11-2019
Europe's Future: Where next for EU institutional Reform?
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