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The ESM and the EIB: comparison of some features

07-04-2020

This paper presents in a tabular format the main characteristics of the European Stability Mechanism and the European Investment Bank. Both institutions collect funds on capital markets. The ESM provides loans to Member States, while the EIB provides loans and venture capital to private and public institutions. Both institutions have been called on to take initiatives in the context of EU reaction to the economic crisis due to the Covid-19 pandemic.

This paper presents in a tabular format the main characteristics of the European Stability Mechanism and the European Investment Bank. Both institutions collect funds on capital markets. The ESM provides loans to Member States, while the EIB provides loans and venture capital to private and public institutions. Both institutions have been called on to take initiatives in the context of EU reaction to the economic crisis due to the Covid-19 pandemic.

Potential Output Estimates and their Role in the EU Fiscal Policy Surveillance

11-02-2020

The surveillance of fiscal policies of EU Members States makes extensive use of estimates of the potential output and related concepts, including output gap and structural balance. This note provides an overview of these concepts, of their use and of the main issues related to them .

The surveillance of fiscal policies of EU Members States makes extensive use of estimates of the potential output and related concepts, including output gap and structural balance. This note provides an overview of these concepts, of their use and of the main issues related to them .

The advisory European Fiscal Board

13-11-2019

This note provides an overview of the main features and recent developments regarding the advisory European Fiscal Board. This body was established by the European Commission in October 2015, in the context of the implementation of an “integrated framework for sound fiscal policies”, proposed in the Five Presidents' Report of June 2015. The Annex presents excerpts from the latest Annual Reports published by the board.

This note provides an overview of the main features and recent developments regarding the advisory European Fiscal Board. This body was established by the European Commission in October 2015, in the context of the implementation of an “integrated framework for sound fiscal policies”, proposed in the Five Presidents' Report of June 2015. The Annex presents excerpts from the latest Annual Reports published by the board.

Euro Area Scrutiny: External expertise on economic governance issues during the 8th Parliamentary term

24-06-2019

This document provides the summaries of all external experts papers published during the 8th parliamentary term (2014-2019) by the Economic Governance Support Unit, aimed at supporting the scrutiny work on the functioning of the Euro Area, especially in view of the bi-annual Economic Dialogues with the President of the Eurogroup.

This document provides the summaries of all external experts papers published during the 8th parliamentary term (2014-2019) by the Economic Governance Support Unit, aimed at supporting the scrutiny work on the functioning of the Euro Area, especially in view of the bi-annual Economic Dialogues with the President of the Eurogroup.

Economic Dialogue with Spain - ECON on 22 January 2019

21-01-2019

This note presents selected information on the current status of the EU economic governance procedures and related relevant information in view of an Economic Dialogue with Nadia Calviño, Minister of Economía y Empresa in Spain, in the ECON committee of the European Parliament. The invitation for a dialogue is in accordance with the EU economic governance framework. The last Economic Dialogue with the Spanish authorities took place in January 2014 and an exchange of views took place in November 2016 ...

This note presents selected information on the current status of the EU economic governance procedures and related relevant information in view of an Economic Dialogue with Nadia Calviño, Minister of Economía y Empresa in Spain, in the ECON committee of the European Parliament. The invitation for a dialogue is in accordance with the EU economic governance framework. The last Economic Dialogue with the Spanish authorities took place in January 2014 and an exchange of views took place in November 2016.

Establishing a European Investment Stabilisation Function

17-01-2019

The European Commission has proposed to establish a European Investment Stabilisation Function. The accompanying IA focusses on the expected positive effects of the proposal, rather than providing a balanced assessment of different policy options and all their relevant impacts. The mostly qualitative analysis is complemented by some quantifications that are, to the Commission’s own admission, based on uncertain assumptions. The caveats, methods and models of the IA could have been better explained ...

The European Commission has proposed to establish a European Investment Stabilisation Function. The accompanying IA focusses on the expected positive effects of the proposal, rather than providing a balanced assessment of different policy options and all their relevant impacts. The mostly qualitative analysis is complemented by some quantifications that are, to the Commission’s own admission, based on uncertain assumptions. The caveats, methods and models of the IA could have been better explained to increase its transparency. The selection of the preferred option seems to be based on political considerations.

Economic Dialogue with the European Commission on the 2019 European Semester Cycle

07-12-2018

Vice-President Dombrovskis and Commissioner Moscovici have been invited to an Economic Dialogue and Exchange of Views on the launch of the 2019 European Semester and the Commission opinions on the 2019 Draft Budgetary Plans of the Euro Area Member States, in line with the relevant EU law. This briefing note covers the main elements of the 2019 European Semester Package, proposed by the Commission, and the 2019 Draft Budgetary Plans of the Euro Area Member States, including the specific situation ...

Vice-President Dombrovskis and Commissioner Moscovici have been invited to an Economic Dialogue and Exchange of Views on the launch of the 2019 European Semester and the Commission opinions on the 2019 Draft Budgetary Plans of the Euro Area Member States, in line with the relevant EU law. This briefing note covers the main elements of the 2019 European Semester Package, proposed by the Commission, and the 2019 Draft Budgetary Plans of the Euro Area Member States, including the specific situation of Italy. It gives an overview of the implementation of the previous Semester Cycles and of the on-going work to strengthen the governance and the resilience of EMU.

EMU reform and the ‘new normal’ for monetary policy

29-11-2018

The European Central Bank may already be facing the next crisis in the euro area but is still deploying the tools of unconventional monetary policy from the last crisis. This brief looks at the ECB as an institution amongst institutions and shows how even more unconventional approaches will not help the euro area economy. Additionally, given the complexity of money and the effects of expectations, expanding the ECB’s unconventional arsenal is likely to have deleterious consequences across Europe. ...

The European Central Bank may already be facing the next crisis in the euro area but is still deploying the tools of unconventional monetary policy from the last crisis. This brief looks at the ECB as an institution amongst institutions and shows how even more unconventional approaches will not help the euro area economy. Additionally, given the complexity of money and the effects of expectations, expanding the ECB’s unconventional arsenal is likely to have deleterious consequences across Europe. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs.

Zunanji avtor

Christopher A. Hartwell, CASE

Economic Dialogue with the President of the Eurogroup

19-11-2018

Mário Centeno, President of the Eurogroup since 13 January 2018, has been invited to a regular Economic Dialogue, notably in accordance with Article 2ab of Regulation 1466/97 as amended. This briefing provides an overview of the ongoing work of the Eurogroup as regards Council recommendations to the Euro Area as a whole, public finances, macro-economic imbalances, financial adjustment programmes and the banking union. As the President of the Eurogroup, Mr Centeno has also been appointed as Chairman ...

Mário Centeno, President of the Eurogroup since 13 January 2018, has been invited to a regular Economic Dialogue, notably in accordance with Article 2ab of Regulation 1466/97 as amended. This briefing provides an overview of the ongoing work of the Eurogroup as regards Council recommendations to the Euro Area as a whole, public finances, macro-economic imbalances, financial adjustment programmes and the banking union. As the President of the Eurogroup, Mr Centeno has also been appointed as Chairman of the Board of Governors of the European Stability Mechanism. On 19 November, the Eurogroup met to discuss ways to strengthen the governance framework of the EMU. For a separate overview of the role of the President of the Eurogroup, please see separate EGOV briefing.

Challenges for the euro area [What Think Tanks are thinking]

09-11-2018

The discussion on how to deepen and improve the functioning of Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) continues on several fronts. Issues under discussion include euro-area governance, the role of the European Central Bank (ECB), the fiscal rules, debt-mutualisation, risk-sharing, and the nature of, and political compromises between, French and German perspectives within the system. The dispute between Italy and the European Commission over the former’s budget for 2019 is now a major topic for discussion ...

The discussion on how to deepen and improve the functioning of Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) continues on several fronts. Issues under discussion include euro-area governance, the role of the European Central Bank (ECB), the fiscal rules, debt-mutualisation, risk-sharing, and the nature of, and political compromises between, French and German perspectives within the system. The dispute between Italy and the European Commission over the former’s budget for 2019 is now a major topic for discussion at Eurogroup meetings, as are Banking Union and the sustainability of economic growth, notably in light of the expected tapering of the ECB’s bond-purchase programme. In a separate development, European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker has proposed increasing the international role of the euro, which some analysts say could replace the US dollar in certain international transactions, given the volatility of US economic policies. This note brings together commentaries, analyses and studies by major international think tanks and research institutes on challenges facing the euro area and related issues. Earlier publications on the topic can be found in a previous edition of 'What Think Tanks are Thinking' published in June 2018.

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