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US President, Donald Trump, has imposed tariffs on steel and aluminium imports, raising fears of a trade war with other countries. He has argued that the levies, of 25 % on steel and 10 % on aluminium, are needed to protect US national security. But many analysts and politicians believe that they are actually meant to protect domestic producers and meet Trump's pre-election promise to return manufacturing jobs to the US. The European Union is seeking an exemption from the tariffs, which has already ...

New US tariffs: Potential impact on the WTO

Kort sammanfattning 13-03-2018

On 8 March 2018, US President Donald Trump signed orders imposing tariffs of 25 % on steel imports and 10 % on aluminium imports. These tariffs will apply to all countries, except Canada and Mexico (and possibly also Australia). President Trump has expressed a willingness to discuss the measures with individual countries and make additional exceptions if US (security) concerns are addressed. The European Commission and other US trading partners have expressed their concern at the measures, fearing ...

Fri rörlighet för varor

Faktablad om EU 01-11-2017

Fri rörlighet för varor, den första av den inre marknadens fyra grundläggande friheter, säkerställs genom att tullar och kvantitativa restriktioner avskaffas och genom att åtgärder med motsvarande verkan förbjuds. Principerna om ömsesidigt erkännande, avskaffande av fysiska och tekniska hinder och främjande av standardisering har lagts till för att fortsätta fullbordandet av den inre marknaden. Reglerna för saluföringen av produkter, den fria rörligheten för varor, marknadskontrollsystemet i EU och ...

Free Zones are geographic areas in which a governmental authority offers incentives, different from the host country's regular policies, to companies operating in the region. Given the nature of these incentives, designated zones are often said to function as "growth poles" for the region, or even beyond.

The abolition in 1999 of duty-free sales for persons travelling within the European Union has become the subject of a lively controversy. This study considers the basic statistics, the legal situation, the consequences of national budgets, the foreseeable results of the abolition of duty-free sales and in particular the regional and local effect of abolition.