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The Commonwealth of Australia, as Australia is officially known, was established on 1 January 1901 with the federation of six former British colonies. The Constitution, which came into effect on the same day, provides the rules by which Australia is governed and divides government responsibilities into three separate branches: parliament, executive and judiciary. In addition to being a federation, Australia is also a representative democracy and a constitutional monarchy. Queen Elisabeth II, who ...

This briefing was prepared to provide information for the visit to Bulgaria of a delegation of the European Parliament’s Committee on Regional Development (REGI) from 29 to 31 October 2017, the region visited being Sofia city and the surrounding Sofia district.

Norway's political parties ahead of the elections

Kort sammanfattning 05-09-2017

On 11 September 2017, Norwegian voters will be heading to the polls amid concern over weak growth, an increasingly assertive Russia, as well as the impact of Brexit on the country's economy.

Nigeria: Political situation

Kort sammanfattning 28-01-2016

Following general elections in March 2015, Nigeria experienced its first democratic handover of power. Unlike other elections since the 1999 democratic transition, these elections ran unmarred by suspicions of vote rigging and widespread electoral violence. The elected president, Muhammadu Buhari, won with a promise to crack down on endemic corruption.

Twenty-five years ago, Aung San Suu Kyi's NLD party won an overwhelming electoral victory, only to be denied power by the SLORC junta. The 2015 elections give the party and its leader a second chance to end decades of direct and indirect military rule. In the absence of opinion polls it is impossible to reliably predict the results. While the NLD is widely seen as the likely winner, the incumbent USDP party, closely linked to the former junta, and ethnic parties will probably win substantial minorities ...

Myanmar/Burma: Political parties

Kort sammanfattning 22-10-2015

After decades of direct and indirect military rule, Myanmar/Burma's political future now hangs in the balance, with elections on 8 November 2015 offering its best chance of a transition to democracy for many years. The two main parties contesting the election are the incumbent, military-backed USDP, and the opposition party, NLD, led by the charismatic Aung San Suu Kyi.

This briefing note is intended for MEPs on the European Parliament's Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development visiting Savoie and Haute-Savoie in July 2015. This document provides an overview of the region, describes its farming and forestry sector and details the implementation of the new post-2014 CAP in France and in the departments of Savoie and Haute-Savoie.

On 26 October 2014, almost 142 million voters will elect Brazil's president for the next four years. The elections take place against a backdrop of economic stagnation and widespread discontent with inadequate public services and the political system, highlighted by social protests in 2013. After a decade of economic and social progress, and a parallel rise in the country's global stature, the sustainability of the country's last two decades of achievements is increasingly questioned. Facing these ...

Hong Kong: one country, two systems?

Kort sammanfattning 15-10-2014

China's refusal to allow open nominations for the election of Hong Kong's next chief executive sparked the Umbrella Revolution, with thousands taking to the streets. But with the protests now dissipating, the situation appears to have moved little.

This in-depth analysis provides an overview of Ukrainian economic, political and administrative framework. It focuses on the description of the territorial administration system of the country, including its territorial division, the competences of different levels of administration and their financial capacities. This analysis provides also the information about the measures taken by the Ukrainian government, regarding the administrative organisation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea that was ...