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Regulation (EU) 2019/1896 transformed Frontex into the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, and gave the European Parliament a range of tools affording it oversight of the agency's activities. In addition to budgetary discharge, these include an obligation for the agency to provide information to the Parliament, a key role for the Parliament in appointing the agency's executive director, and attendance on invitation by a Parliament expert at Frontex management board meetings. These tools effectively ...

Artificial intelligence act

Briefing 17-11-2021

The European Commission unveiled a new proposal for an EU regulatory framework on artificial intelligence (AI) in April 2021. The draft AI act is the first ever attempt to enact a horizontal regulation of AI. The proposed legal framework focuses on the specific utilisation of AI systems and associated risks. The Commission proposes to establish a technology-neutral definition of AI systems in EU law and to lay down a classification for AI systems with different requirements and obligations tailored ...

Child sexual exploitation and sexual abuse are among the worst forms of violence against children, and constitute serious crimes that know no borders. The continuous increase in child sexual exploitation and abuse, not least due to the Covid 19 pandemic, underscores the importance of harmonised national legislation and international cooperation to prevent these offences, protect the victims and prosecute the perpetrators. The European Day contributes to raising awareness on the need for prevention ...

During the November I plenary session, Parliament is due to vote a resolution aimed at strengthening democracy, media freedom and pluralism in the European Union. The resolution calls for immediate action, both legislative and non-legislative, to address the issue of strategic lawsuits against public participation (SLAPPs).

At the end of August 2021, the United States and coalition forces completed their withdrawal from Afghanistan, and the Taliban took control of the country after 20 years of conflict. The crisis in Afghanistan has prompted a global response based on humanitarian support on the ground, evacuations and resettlement of those in need of international protection, and support for neighbouring countries hosting refugees. Afghanistan has long been a priority for the EU, even before the most recent developments ...

The regular European Council meeting of 21-22 October 2021 dedicated significant time to discussing the rule of law and the rise in energy prices – which have become particularly salient topics at national and European level – as well as to migration. On the rule of law, EU leaders had a political discussion, underlining the importance of the rule of law for the EU, but did not adopt concrete conclusions. Regarding the recent spike in energy prices, they agreed on pursuing short-term, tailored and ...

The European Asylum Support Office (EASO) is a European Union agency that provides tools to help the EU Member States prepare for an influx of asylum applicants and implement EU legislation on the ground. The Malta-based agency was established in 2010 as an impartial centre of expertise, with the objective of developing practical cooperation between the Member States, offering support in the event of particular asylum-related pressures and providing evidence for EU policy-making. In 2016, EASO played ...

According to statistics published by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, since 2008 over 318 million people around the world have been forcibly displaced by floods, windstorms, earthquakes or droughts, 30.7 million in 2020 alone. This is equivalent to one person being displaced every second. Depending on the frequency and scale of the major natural disasters occurring, there are significant fluctuations in the total number of displaced people from one year to the next, yet the trend over ...

The regular European Council meeting of 21-22 October 2021 will discuss the coronavirus pandemic, digital policy, migration, energy prices and external relations. Regarding the coronavirus pandemic, EU Heads of State or Government will focus on EU coordination, resilience and readiness in terms of health crises and the EU's future preparedness for the short and medium terms. The discussions at the meeting on both digital policy and on migration are expected to be stock-taking exercises, assessing ...

The European Commission proposed to improve the Schengen evaluation and monitoring mechanism established by Regulation (EU) No 1053/2013. The accompanying impact assessment (IA) provides a well defined problem definition, substantiated with evidence. Furthermore, the stakeholder opinions are reported consistently throughout the IA and are used as input for the combination of measures under the preferred option. Moreover, the data sources underpinning the IA are recent, reliable, consistently referenced ...