53

resultat

Ord
Publikationstyp
Politikområde
Författare
Datum

Interlinks between migration and development

23-01-2019

The EU and its Member States have reshaped their external policies, including development cooperation, to place more focus on migration-related issues. Widely used in this context, political rhetoric on 'addressing root causes of migration' has been questioned by academics as creating unrealistic expectations. Indeed, a positive correlation between migration and narrowly understood economic development persists until countries reach middle-income country level. However, several key drivers of migration ...

The EU and its Member States have reshaped their external policies, including development cooperation, to place more focus on migration-related issues. Widely used in this context, political rhetoric on 'addressing root causes of migration' has been questioned by academics as creating unrealistic expectations. Indeed, a positive correlation between migration and narrowly understood economic development persists until countries reach middle-income country level. However, several key drivers of migration are related to discrepancies in levels of human development. Demographic pressures, youth unemployment, job opportunities in the country of destination, the growth of migrant networks and the desire to reunite families, all play roles in migration. A complex interaction between aid and migration also exists, which is far from a simple one-way causality. In general, poverty alleviation, the primary objective of development aid, tends to enhance rather than deter the realisation of the aspiration to migrate, in the short- and medium-term, by increasing household incomes. A more global approach to cooperation with third countries, such as the EU's already well-established assistance focusing on good governance, infrastructure, rural development and strengthening resilience, as well as going beyond development assistance to include trade and investment, appears promising in terms of deterring migration. On the other hand, studies confirm that international migration is an important path for development: remittances constitute a tool for poverty reduction, while diaspora skills and networks provide resources for economic and social progress. Nevertheless, EU policy integrating development aid as an instrument for curbing irregular migration is criticised by development stakeholders as undermining aid effectiveness, principles, and risks diverting aid from the most needy and indirectly prompting human rights violations. To avoid such outcomes, a contextual analysis must be the basis for identifying genuine synergies to be reinforced between development and migration management.

Research for REGI Committee - Externalities of Cohesion Policy

15-10-2018

The study investigates the effects of Cohesion Policy (CP) which occur in a country other than the one in which CP resources were actually spent. The study estimates that macroeconomic spillovers significantly contribute to the impact of CP. Spillovers directed to EU countries represent around 9% of the total annual CP expenditure. Other spillovers to Non-EU countries are around 8% of the CP expenditure. Macro and micro spillovers together arrive at the 21% of the annual CP expenditure 67% of which ...

The study investigates the effects of Cohesion Policy (CP) which occur in a country other than the one in which CP resources were actually spent. The study estimates that macroeconomic spillovers significantly contribute to the impact of CP. Spillovers directed to EU countries represent around 9% of the total annual CP expenditure. Other spillovers to Non-EU countries are around 8% of the CP expenditure. Macro and micro spillovers together arrive at the 21% of the annual CP expenditure 67% of which is distributed among EU countries. Around 20% of the CP expenditure can trigger sectoral spillover effects in the environment, transport and higher education sectors. The analysis demonstrates that externalities reinforce EU growth and competitiveness without CP deserting its convergence objective.

Extern avdelning

Andrea Naldini, Alessandro Daraio, Gessica Vella and Enrico Wolleb, Roman Römisch

How could the Stability and Growth Pact be simplified?

23-04-2018

Past reforms of the Stability and Growth Pact (SGP) have improved its economic rationale, but this progress has come at the expense of simplicity, transparency and, possibly, enforceability. This study surveys and evaluates reform models that could reduce complexity without compromising the SGP’s indispensable flexibility. From a holistic perspective, the greatest potential for simplification will result from a shift of discretionary power to an independent fiscal institution. Independence is a substitute ...

Past reforms of the Stability and Growth Pact (SGP) have improved its economic rationale, but this progress has come at the expense of simplicity, transparency and, possibly, enforceability. This study surveys and evaluates reform models that could reduce complexity without compromising the SGP’s indispensable flexibility. From a holistic perspective, the greatest potential for simplification will result from a shift of discretionary power to an independent fiscal institution. Independence is a substitute for complexity. With a narrower focus on the potential streamlining of the SGP and a reduction of excess complexity, first, the preventive and corrective arms could be integrated into one procedure. Second, this integrated procedure should be centred on a net expenditure rule that is combined with a debt feedback mechanism and a memory for expenditure overruns. Third, further fiscal indicators that are currently treated as parallel targets (headline deficit rule and structural balance) could be downgraded to non-binding reference values. And fourth, the planned transposition of the Fiscal Compact into European law should follow SGP reforms in order to promote consistency between European and national fiscal rules.

Extern avdelning

Friedrich Heinemann

How could the Stability and Growth Pact be simplified?

23-04-2018

An assessment of the present SGP fiscal rules reveals a significant deterioration in simplicity, undermining their effectiveness. In fact, in both design and process, they have become the most complex worldwide. Three options for future reform are offered to correct this deficiency. Under the first, the structural balance and the debt convergence targets are replaced with a debt-stabilizing or -reducing primary surplus target, while retaining the expenditure benchmark. The second consolidates all ...

An assessment of the present SGP fiscal rules reveals a significant deterioration in simplicity, undermining their effectiveness. In fact, in both design and process, they have become the most complex worldwide. Three options for future reform are offered to correct this deficiency. Under the first, the structural balance and the debt convergence targets are replaced with a debt-stabilizing or -reducing primary surplus target, while retaining the expenditure benchmark. The second consolidates all current rules into a single operational debt rule by setting a limit on the discretionary budget deficit, derived from the debt reduction target. The third option consists of a market-based approach, inspired by the oldest and most successful subnational fiscal frameworks.

Extern avdelning

George Kopits

Den europeiska grannskapspolitiken

01-01-2018

Den europeiska grannskapspolitiken omfattar Algeriet, Armenien, Azerbajdzjan, Egypten, Georgien, Israel, Jordanien, Libanon, Libyen, Marocko, Moldavien, Palestina, Syrien, Tunisien, Ukraina och Vitryssland. Den syftar till att stärka välståndet, stabiliteten och säkerheten för alla. Politiken bygger på demokrati, rättsstatsprincipen och respekt för de mänskliga rättigheterna och är en bilateral politik mellan EU och varje partnerland med regionala samarbetsinitiativ: det östliga partnerskapet och ...

Den europeiska grannskapspolitiken omfattar Algeriet, Armenien, Azerbajdzjan, Egypten, Georgien, Israel, Jordanien, Libanon, Libyen, Marocko, Moldavien, Palestina, Syrien, Tunisien, Ukraina och Vitryssland. Den syftar till att stärka välståndet, stabiliteten och säkerheten för alla. Politiken bygger på demokrati, rättsstatsprincipen och respekt för de mänskliga rättigheterna och är en bilateral politik mellan EU och varje partnerland med regionala samarbetsinitiativ: det östliga partnerskapet och unionen för Medelhavsområdet[1].

Afrika

01-01-2018

Förbindelserna mellan EU och Afrika regleras av Cotonouavtalet och den gemensamma strategin EU-Afrika, som båda innehåller politiska, ekonomiska och utvecklingsrelaterade dimensioner. EU arbetar aktivt för att främja fred och säkerhet i Afrika och samarbetar med Afrikanska unionen (AU) i olika politiska dialoger, bland annat om demokrati och mänskliga rättigheter. Migration har blivit ett centralt inslag i förbindelserna mellan Afrika och EU. Europeiska utvecklingsfonden är fortfarande den främsta ...

Förbindelserna mellan EU och Afrika regleras av Cotonouavtalet och den gemensamma strategin EU-Afrika, som båda innehåller politiska, ekonomiska och utvecklingsrelaterade dimensioner. EU arbetar aktivt för att främja fred och säkerhet i Afrika och samarbetar med Afrikanska unionen (AU) i olika politiska dialoger, bland annat om demokrati och mänskliga rättigheter. Migration har blivit ett centralt inslag i förbindelserna mellan Afrika och EU. Europeiska utvecklingsfonden är fortfarande den främsta kanalen för EU:s utvecklingssamarbete i Afrika.

Peace-programmet för Nordirland

01-11-2017

Syftet med EU:s Peace-program är att stödja fred och försoning och främja ekonomiska och sociala framsteg i Nordirland och gränsgrevskapen i Irland.

Syftet med EU:s Peace-program är att stödja fred och försoning och främja ekonomiska och sociala framsteg i Nordirland och gränsgrevskapen i Irland.