3

resultat

Ord
Publikationstyp
Politikområde
Författare
Datum

Insects as a source of protein for aquaculture and animal feed

30-08-2016

Recent research projects and studies have concluded that insects may have the potential to serve as a sustainable source of protein for aquaculture and animal feed. For this potential to be pursued further, changes would be required in the current EU regulatory framework.

Recent research projects and studies have concluded that insects may have the potential to serve as a sustainable source of protein for aquaculture and animal feed. For this potential to be pursued further, changes would be required in the current EU regulatory framework.

Online consumer reviews: The case of misleading or fake reviews

27-10-2015

Online consumer review sites and platforms are tools that are widely used by consumers and are becoming embedded in both consumer behaviour and business models. A 2013 European Consumer Centres' Network web survey showed that 82% of respondents read consumer reviews before shopping. Tools for increasing consumer awareness and raising their trust in the market should not, however, mislead consumers with fake reviews, which, according to different estimates, represent between 1% and 16% of all 'consumer ...

Online consumer review sites and platforms are tools that are widely used by consumers and are becoming embedded in both consumer behaviour and business models. A 2013 European Consumer Centres' Network web survey showed that 82% of respondents read consumer reviews before shopping. Tools for increasing consumer awareness and raising their trust in the market should not, however, mislead consumers with fake reviews, which, according to different estimates, represent between 1% and 16% of all 'consumer' reviews. Directive 2005/29/EC, the Unfair Commercial Practices Directive, concerning unfair business-to-consumer commercial practices in the internal market defines misleading or aggressive commercial practices and prohibits, in particular, the practice of falsely representing oneself as a consumer. Misleading or fake reviews undermine consumers' confidence in the integrity of online reviews and lead to consumer detriment. A fake review can be defined as a positive, neutral or negative review that is not an actual consumer's honest and impartial opinion or that does not reflect a consumer's genuine experience of a product, service or business. Some European consumer organisations say review sites would benefit from being regulated, or to some extent standardised. The problem of fake online reviews not only concerns individual consumers; it can lead to an erosion of consumer confidence in the online market, which can reduce competition. To deal with this issue, some guidelines have already been adopted by consumer enforcement bodies, regulators and other stakeholders, in the EU and internationally. Enforcement actions have also been taken. Fake online reviews should be taken seriously, as more and more consumers buy online, and the practice is becoming increasingly sophisticated.

Improving The Internal Market Scoreboard and the Consumer Markets Scoreboard

26-05-2008

Extern avdelning

Prof. David O'Keeffe, Hammonds Vassilis Akritidis, Hammonds Prof. Gareth Davies, VU University Amsterdam Peter Dyrberg, SCHJODT Brussels Sprl Associated Prof. Zita Čeponytė, Lithuanian Consumer Institute Prof. Dr. Hans Schulte-Nölke, University of Osnabrück Martin Werneburg, University of Osnabrück

Kommande evenemang

28-10-2021
Workshop "Envisioning International Justice: what role for the ICC?"
Seminarium -
DROI
28-10-2021
Dual quality of goods in the Single Market
Utfrågning -
IMCO
28-10-2021
Public hearing on the "Luxletters revelations"
Utfrågning -
FISC

Partner