42

resultat

Ord
Publikationstyp
Politikområde
Författare
Datum

The European Parliament after Brexit

14-01-2020

Once the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the EU becomes legally effective, 73 EP seats will become vacant. Twenty-seven of these seats will be re-distributed among 14 Member States. The remaining 46 seats would be available for potential EU enlargements and/or for the possible future creation of a transnational constituency.

Once the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the EU becomes legally effective, 73 EP seats will become vacant. Twenty-seven of these seats will be re-distributed among 14 Member States. The remaining 46 seats would be available for potential EU enlargements and/or for the possible future creation of a transnational constituency.

Understanding the d'Hondt method: Allocation of parliamentary seats and leadership positions

28-06-2019

The allocation of seats in collegiate organs such as parliaments requires a method to translate votes proportionally into whole seats. The 'd'Hondt method' is a mathematical formula used widely in proportional representation systems, although it leads to less proportional results than other systems for seat allocation such as the Hare-Niemeyer and Sainte-Laguë/Schepers methods. Moreover, it tends to increase the advantage for the electoral lists which gain most votes to the detriment of those with ...

The allocation of seats in collegiate organs such as parliaments requires a method to translate votes proportionally into whole seats. The 'd'Hondt method' is a mathematical formula used widely in proportional representation systems, although it leads to less proportional results than other systems for seat allocation such as the Hare-Niemeyer and Sainte-Laguë/Schepers methods. Moreover, it tends to increase the advantage for the electoral lists which gain most votes to the detriment of those with fewer votes. It is, however, effective in facilitating majority formation and thus in securing parliamentary operability. The d'Hondt method is used by 16 EU Member States for the elections to the European Parliament. Furthermore, it is also used within the Parliament as a formula for distributing the chairs of the parliamentary committees and delegations, as well as to distribute those posts among the national delegations within some political groups. Such proportional distribution of leadership positions within Parliament prevents domination of parliamentary political life by only one or two large political groups, ensuring smaller political groups also have a say on the political agenda. Some argue however that this limits the impact of the election results on the political direction of decision-making within Parliament and call for a 'winner-takes-all' approach instead. Many national parliaments in the EU also distribute committee chairs and other posts proportionally among political groups (either using the d'Hondt method or more informally). Other Member States, however, apply a 'winner-takes-more' approach with only some committee chairs with particular relevance to government scrutiny being reserved for opposition groups, while in the US House of Representatives committee chairs all come from the majority.

Japan: Shinzō Abe wins a new mandate

25-10-2017

Shinzō Abe won the snap elections he called for the lower house on 22 October 2017. Despite her popularity, Tokyo's governor Yuriko Koike failed to convince the electorate to oust a prime minister in charge since December 2012. The newly created Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan became the main opposition force in the House of Representatives. In coalition with Kōmeitō, Abe's Liberal Democratic Party holds a two-thirds majority enabling it to pass constitutional amendments.

Shinzō Abe won the snap elections he called for the lower house on 22 October 2017. Despite her popularity, Tokyo's governor Yuriko Koike failed to convince the electorate to oust a prime minister in charge since December 2012. The newly created Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan became the main opposition force in the House of Representatives. In coalition with Kōmeitō, Abe's Liberal Democratic Party holds a two-thirds majority enabling it to pass constitutional amendments.

Argentina ahead of the 2017 mid-term elections

10-10-2017

Since his election in 2015, Argentina's centre-right President, Mauricio Macri, has pursued sweeping domestic and foreign policy reforms, although his 'Let's Change' (Cambiemos) coalition of centre-right and centre-left parties holds only a minority of seats in the bicameral Congress. His presidency has marked a major shift from left-wing populism under his predecessors, Néstor Kirchner (2003-2007) and Cristina Fernández de Kirchner (2007-2015), to economic neoliberalism. The mid-term vote on 22 ...

Since his election in 2015, Argentina's centre-right President, Mauricio Macri, has pursued sweeping domestic and foreign policy reforms, although his 'Let's Change' (Cambiemos) coalition of centre-right and centre-left parties holds only a minority of seats in the bicameral Congress. His presidency has marked a major shift from left-wing populism under his predecessors, Néstor Kirchner (2003-2007) and Cristina Fernández de Kirchner (2007-2015), to economic neoliberalism. The mid-term vote on 22 October 2017, to renew one third of the Senate and half of the Chamber of Deputies, will reveal whether President Macri has a strong mandate to press ahead with his pro-business policies.

Europaparlamentet: organisation och funktion

01-10-2017

Europaparlamentets organisation och funktion regleras i parlamentets arbetsordning. Verksamheten bedrivs genom politiska organ, utskott, delegationer och politiska grupper.

Europaparlamentets organisation och funktion regleras i parlamentets arbetsordning. Verksamheten bedrivs genom politiska organ, utskott, delegationer och politiska grupper.

Europaparlamentet: valsystem

01-10-2017

Valet till Europaparlamentet regleras både av EU:s lagstiftning, som fastställer gemensamma bestämmelser för alla medlemsstater, och av särskilda nationella bestämmelser som varierar från en medlemsstat till en annan. I de gemensamma bestämmelserna fastställs principen om proportionella val samt de uppdrag som inte är förenliga med ett mandat som ledamot av Europaparlamentet. Många andra viktiga frågor, såsom valsystem eller antalet valkretsar, regleras i de nationella lagarna.

Valet till Europaparlamentet regleras både av EU:s lagstiftning, som fastställer gemensamma bestämmelser för alla medlemsstater, och av särskilda nationella bestämmelser som varierar från en medlemsstat till en annan. I de gemensamma bestämmelserna fastställs principen om proportionella val samt de uppdrag som inte är förenliga med ett mandat som ledamot av Europaparlamentet. Många andra viktiga frågor, såsom valsystem eller antalet valkretsar, regleras i de nationella lagarna.

Nicefördraget och konventet om Europas framtid

01-04-2017

Nicefördraget förberedde bara delvis Europeiska unionen inför de stora utvidgningarna österut och söderut 2004 och 2007. Som svar på de frågor som ställdes i Laekenförklaringen försökte man därför i konventet om Europas framtid att utarbeta en ny rättslig grund för unionen i form av fördraget om upprättande av en konstitution för Europa. På grund av ett negativt resultat av folkomröstningarna i två medlemsstater ratificerades detta fördrag inte.

Nicefördraget förberedde bara delvis Europeiska unionen inför de stora utvidgningarna österut och söderut 2004 och 2007. Som svar på de frågor som ställdes i Laekenförklaringen försökte man därför i konventet om Europas framtid att utarbeta en ny rättslig grund för unionen i form av fördraget om upprättande av en konstitution för Europa. På grund av ett negativt resultat av folkomröstningarna i två medlemsstater ratificerades detta fördrag inte.

Europaparlamentet: historisk bakgrund

01-04-2017

Europaparlamentet har sina rötter i Europeiska kol- och stålgemenskapens (EKSG) gemensamma församling, som blev gemensam för alla tre överstatliga europeiska gemenskaper som fanns på den tiden. Församlingen fick sedermera namnet Europaparlamentet. Genom åren har parlamentet, som sedan 1979 väljs direkt, genomgått stora förändringar: från en församling med utnämnda ledamöter till ett folkvalt parlament som erkänns som en politisk agendasättare i EU.

Europaparlamentet har sina rötter i Europeiska kol- och stålgemenskapens (EKSG) gemensamma församling, som blev gemensam för alla tre överstatliga europeiska gemenskaper som fanns på den tiden. Församlingen fick sedermera namnet Europaparlamentet. Genom åren har parlamentet, som sedan 1979 väljs direkt, genomgått stora förändringar: från en församling med utnämnda ledamöter till ett folkvalt parlament som erkänns som en politisk agendasättare i EU.

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - March 2017

13-03-2017

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Understanding the d'Hondt method: Allocation of parliamentary seats and leadership positions

08-04-2016

The allocation of seats in collegiate organs such as parliaments requires a method to translate votes proportionally into whole seats. The 'd'Hondt method' is a mathematical formula used widely in proportional representation systems, although it leads to less proportional results than other systems for seat allocation such as the Hare-Niemeyer and Sainte-Laguë/Schepers methods. Moreover, it tends to increase the advantage for the electoral lists gaining most votes to the detriment of those with fewer ...

The allocation of seats in collegiate organs such as parliaments requires a method to translate votes proportionally into whole seats. The 'd'Hondt method' is a mathematical formula used widely in proportional representation systems, although it leads to less proportional results than other systems for seat allocation such as the Hare-Niemeyer and Sainte-Laguë/Schepers methods. Moreover, it tends to increase the advantage for the electoral lists gaining most votes to the detriment of those with fewer votes. It is, however, effective in facilitating majority formation and thus in securing parliamentary operability. The d'Hondt method is used by 17 EU Member States for the elections to the European Parliament. Furthermore, it is also used within the Parliament as a formula for distributing the chairs of the parliamentary committees and delegations, as well as to distribute those posts among the national delegations within the political groups. Such proportional distribution of leadership positions within Parliament prevents domination of parliamentary political life by only one or two large political groups, ensuring smaller political groups also have a say on the political agenda. Some argue however that this limits the impact of the election results on the political direction of decision-making within Parliament and call for a 'winner-takes-all' approach instead. Many national parliaments in the EU also distribute committee chairs and other posts proportionally among political groups (either using the d'Hondt method or more informally). Other Member States, however, apply a 'winner-takes-more' approach with only some committee chairs with particular relevance to government scrutiny being reserved for opposition groups, while in the US House of Representatives committee chairs have to come from the majority party. Please click here for the full publication in PDF format xxxx

Kommande evenemang

21-06-2021
Ensuring effective protection of European consumers in the digital economy
Utfrågning -
IMCO
22-06-2021
AFCO ICM on the Reform of European Electoral Law & Parliament's Right of Inquiry
Övrigt -
AFCO
22-06-2021
The development of new tax practices:what new schemes should the EU pay attention to?
Utfrågning -
FISC

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