14

resultat

Ord
Publikationstyp
Politikområde
Författare
Datum

Cross-Border Restitution Claims of Art Looted in Armed Conflicts and Wars and Alternatives to Court Litigations

19-05-2016

This study was commissioned and supervised by the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee. Restitution of art looted during past and present armed conflicts is a major issue for our societies. Claiming restitution before courts – often in foreign States – has proven to be difficult. That is why parties turn more and more to dispute resolution means alternative to court litigation. This study examines the legal difficulties ...

This study was commissioned and supervised by the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee. Restitution of art looted during past and present armed conflicts is a major issue for our societies. Claiming restitution before courts – often in foreign States – has proven to be difficult. That is why parties turn more and more to dispute resolution means alternative to court litigation. This study examines the legal difficulties related to art restitution claims and proposes policy recommendations for States and EU institutions to overcome these difficulties and seek to achieve just and fair solutions.

Extern avdelning

Marc-André RENOLD

Proceedings of the Workshop on "Organ Harvesting in China"

12-04-2016

This workshop raised awareness on this issue and opens a debate on future transparent investigation by the European Union into organ transplant practice. The workshop consisted of different presentations and an exchange of views between MEPs and established experts in transplantation of organs, organ trafficking and international crime. The current organ trafficking around the world has created a substantial health risk contributing to a serious abuse of human rights, particularly of the right to ...

This workshop raised awareness on this issue and opens a debate on future transparent investigation by the European Union into organ transplant practice. The workshop consisted of different presentations and an exchange of views between MEPs and established experts in transplantation of organs, organ trafficking and international crime. The current organ trafficking around the world has created a substantial health risk contributing to a serious abuse of human rights, particularly of the right to life. This document reviews the scope for creating a fair system of organ donation and for the use of a more efficient and transparent organ database accessible to EU and eventually to global citizens. This document was provided by Policy Department A for the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety.

Extern avdelning

Joëlle Hivonnet, Stefaan Van der Spiegel, Beatriz Dominguez, Marta Lopez Fraga, Francis L. Delmonico, David Kilgour, Marie Charlotte Bouesseau and Huige Li

Fisheries in areas beyond national jurisdiction

07-04-2016

In June 2015, a UN resolution launched the development of a legally binding international instrument expected to break new ground in the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction. Fisheries aspects to be considered in this future agreement are discussed in a European Parliament report.

In June 2015, a UN resolution launched the development of a legally binding international instrument expected to break new ground in the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction. Fisheries aspects to be considered in this future agreement are discussed in a European Parliament report.

Human rights in Nigeria

09-03-2016

Despite its democratic progress, Nigeria's human rights situation remains problematic. The most egregious violations occur in the context of the internal fight against the Boko Haram insurgency. Other widespread patterns of human rights violations relate mainly to weak rule of law and an intricate legal system, impunity of security forces, and discriminatory social practices.

Despite its democratic progress, Nigeria's human rights situation remains problematic. The most egregious violations occur in the context of the internal fight against the Boko Haram insurgency. Other widespread patterns of human rights violations relate mainly to weak rule of law and an intricate legal system, impunity of security forces, and discriminatory social practices.

Arbitrary detention of women and children for immigration-related purposes

26-02-2016

An unprecedented mass movement of asylum-seekers and migrants of all ages started in 2014, and has continued throughout 2015 and into 2016. Fleeing armed conflicts, mass killings, persecution and pervasive sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV), these persons seek protection under the 1951 Refugee Convention, its subsequent Protocol and other international instruments. In times of such instability, women and girls are particularly at risk of gender-based violence, including sexual violence. Between ...

An unprecedented mass movement of asylum-seekers and migrants of all ages started in 2014, and has continued throughout 2015 and into 2016. Fleeing armed conflicts, mass killings, persecution and pervasive sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV), these persons seek protection under the 1951 Refugee Convention, its subsequent Protocol and other international instruments. In times of such instability, women and girls are particularly at risk of gender-based violence, including sexual violence. Between January and November 2015, Europe witnessed more than 950 000 asylum-seeker and migrant arrivals via the Mediterranean Sea. With record numbers of asylum-seekers worldwide, the head of the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR), Filippo Grandi, has urged greater efforts to find solutions. The UNHCR has pointed out that in recent years, detention facilities are increasingly being used to host migrants and asylum-seekers, including by countries with good human rights records. If used, detention must be lawful and clearly shown to be necessary, reasonable and proportional. Detention conditions must uphold human dignity and international standards. The journeys that migrants and asylum-seekers take can be dangerous, and they often face high levels of violence, extortion and exploitation, including multiple forms of SGBV – such as human trafficking, psychological manipulation, physical violence or rape. Women and girls are particularly at risk of SGBV during the journey. Situations of vulnerability such as the impact of the journey and experiences of migrants prior to their confinement, which are often physically and psychologically trying, and during which they could have been exposed to diverse forms of abuse and violence need to be addressed. In addition, the effect of confinement in detention centres, particularly if prolonged, needs to be addressed. All these factors require a coordinated and effective protection response.

Forced Marriage from a Gender Perspective

15-02-2016

This study provides an overview of the practice of forced marriage in the EU from a gender equality and women’s rights perspective. It analyses the definitions of forced marriage and puts forward a definition from a gender perspective. It also provides an overview of the relevant international/EU legislation, policies and deliberations, as well as national policies, civil law and criminal law (in the 12 Member State that criminalise forced marriage). For those Member States that criminalise forced ...

This study provides an overview of the practice of forced marriage in the EU from a gender equality and women’s rights perspective. It analyses the definitions of forced marriage and puts forward a definition from a gender perspective. It also provides an overview of the relevant international/EU legislation, policies and deliberations, as well as national policies, civil law and criminal law (in the 12 Member State that criminalise forced marriage). For those Member States that criminalise forced marriage, the study provides an assessment of the effectiveness and possible consequences of the implementation of the criminal legislation, including an analysis of data and case-law. The study includes a specific chapter focusing on forced marriage within Roma communities and five case-studies specifically focusing on Denmark, Germany, Spain, Slovakia and the UK. The study also puts forward recommendations for improving the response to forced marriage at EU and Member State level.

Extern avdelning

Emma Psaila, Vanessa Leigh, Marilena Verbari, Sara Fiorentini, Virginia Dalla Pozza and Ana Gomez

Violence against women in the EU: State of play

25-11-2015

Violence against women is a violation of human rights and a form of gender-based discrimination. Rooted in inequalities between men and women, it takes many forms. Estimates about the scale of the problem are alarming. Such violence has a major impact on victims and imposes a significant cost burden on society. The instruments put in place by the United Nations and Council of Europe are benchmarks in efforts to combat violence against women. The EU is tackling the problem in various ways, but ...

Violence against women is a violation of human rights and a form of gender-based discrimination. Rooted in inequalities between men and women, it takes many forms. Estimates about the scale of the problem are alarming. Such violence has a major impact on victims and imposes a significant cost burden on society. The instruments put in place by the United Nations and Council of Europe are benchmarks in efforts to combat violence against women. The EU is tackling the problem in various ways, but has no binding instrument designed specifically to protect women from violence. Although there are similarities between national policies to combat violence against women, the Member States have adopted different approaches to the problem. Parliament’s efforts have focused on strengthening EU policy in the area. Parliament has repeatedly called for a European Union strategy to counter violence against women, including a legally binding instrument. Stakeholders have expressed a range of concerns, such as the impact of the economic crisis, and have highlighted the need for a comprehensive EU political framework on eliminating violence against women. This briefing is an update of an earlier one of February 2014.

Promoting tolerance in the EU

13-11-2015

In 1995 − which was the United Nations (UN) Year for Tolerance − the UN established 16 November as the International Day for Tolerance. The day was intended to serve as a reminder of the dangers of intolerance and the necessity to promote tolerance through raising public awareness, education and other means. Recent research and surveys have shown that this reminder is still very much needed. The EU has made many efforts to combat intolerance in Member States and has stepped up action in recent years ...

In 1995 − which was the United Nations (UN) Year for Tolerance − the UN established 16 November as the International Day for Tolerance. The day was intended to serve as a reminder of the dangers of intolerance and the necessity to promote tolerance through raising public awareness, education and other means. Recent research and surveys have shown that this reminder is still very much needed. The EU has made many efforts to combat intolerance in Member States and has stepped up action in recent years.

Evaluation of the Strategy for Equality between Women and Men 2010-2015 as a Contribution to Achieve the Goals of the Beijing Platform for Action

20-11-2014

Upon request of the FEMM committee, the study evaluates the Strategy for Equality between women and men 2010-2015 as a contribution towards achieving Beijing Platform for Action goals and provides indications on the future post-2015 multiannual policy framework. The study assesses the extent to which the Strategy was appropriate and comprehensive enough to contribute to the BPfA implementation and, more in general, to gender equality at the European and international level, and whether the planned ...

Upon request of the FEMM committee, the study evaluates the Strategy for Equality between women and men 2010-2015 as a contribution towards achieving Beijing Platform for Action goals and provides indications on the future post-2015 multiannual policy framework. The study assesses the extent to which the Strategy was appropriate and comprehensive enough to contribute to the BPfA implementation and, more in general, to gender equality at the European and international level, and whether the planned objectives have been effectively met. It also provides practical and specific recommendations on possible improvements for the future Strategy.

Global Efforts to End Sexual Violence in Conflict

25-06-2014

The Global Summit to End Sexual Violence in Conflict was co-chaired by the UK and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees. An International Protocol on the Documentation and Investigation of Sexual Violence was a key result of the summit. The summit also highlighted the importance of: - providing support for victims of sexual violence ; - strengthening the capacity of national and international security and justice personnel ; - closer international cooperation. Building on the summit ...

The Global Summit to End Sexual Violence in Conflict was co-chaired by the UK and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees. An International Protocol on the Documentation and Investigation of Sexual Violence was a key result of the summit. The summit also highlighted the importance of: - providing support for victims of sexual violence ; - strengthening the capacity of national and international security and justice personnel ; - closer international cooperation. Building on the summit’s momentum, the European Parliament could : - urge all the Member States to apply the International Protocol ; - advocate mainstreaming this objective into EU CFSP actions ; - suggest increasing assistance for programmes fighting sexual and gender-based violence ; - promote this objective in its own positions and actions.

Kommande evenemang

30-11-2020
EPRS online Book Talk | How to own the room (and the zoom) [...]
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30-11-2020
Hearing on Future-proofing the Tourism Sector: Challenges and Opportunities Ahead
Utfrågning -
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30-11-2020
LIBE - FEMM Joint Hearing: Combating Gender based Violence: Cyber Violence
Utfrågning -
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