Voting in the European elections: how and why

The European elections are your chance to have your say on the future of Europe. Find out about the election rules and how you can use your vote.

The European Parliament is the only EU institution that is elected directly by citizens. On 6-9 June 2024, EU citizens have the chance to choose the 720 members that will represent them for the next five years.

How are the European elections organised? 

The European elections are the largest transnational elections in the world. There are some common rules that apply in all EU countries but many details vary by country.

Election days range from Thursday 6 June to Sunday 9 June and it is up to each country to decide when and how they organise the vote.

The number of MEPs elected varies between countries: bigger countries get more seats than smaller ones. Due to changes in the size of the population, some EU countries will get extra seats in the upcoming elections compared to the outgoing Parliament. In total 15 seats will be added.

There are also differences in other aspects of voting, for example regarding the minimum voting age or the rules about voting from abroad. See more in our infographic below.

How can I vote in the European elections?

To find all useful details about voting in your country, visit our elections website and choose your country and preferred language.

Why should I vote in the European elections? 

Voting at the European elections is a unique opportunity to decide what the European Union should focus on over the next five years. MEPs shape new EU laws, scrutinise the work of other EU institutions and approve the EU budget.

Not so long ago, millions of Europeans lived through times when they could not vote or even speak up freely. Previous generations fought for democracy and freedom of thought. The best way to honour their legacy is to preserve democracy by voting.

Democracy is a precious gift - it is up to us to maintain it