What happens after the European elections?

After the European elections, the new European Parliament will get constituted, MEPs will approve the new European Commission and resume work on EU legislation.

European Parliament building in Strasbourg
European Parliament building in Strasbourg

Between 6 and 9 June, Europeans will vote to elect their representatives in the European Parliament. The results will determine what the new Parliament will look like and who will head the new European Commission.


The new legislative term will begin with MEPs resuming work on legislative files that were not finished in the 2019-2024 term. Once the new Commission is formed, it will also start putting forward new legislative proposals that Parliament will have the opportunity to examine and amend.


What happens in the weeks after the elections


During the weeks after the elections, the newly-elected MEPs will form political groups according to shared political beliefs. Each group in Parliament must have at least 23 MEPs from seven EU countries.


The European political parties that take part in the elections may choose to have their own political group in Parliament or form a joint group with representatives of other parties.


Groups will hold meetings to decide on their composition before the first new plenary which starts on 16 July.

Forming the new Parliament


During this first plenary session, MEPs will elect their new President, vice-presidents and quaestors, as well as decide on the number of MEPs that will be sitting in each parliamentary committee.


After the constitutive plenary, the committees will then hold their first meetings to elect their respective chairs and vice-chairs.


When does the European Parliament resume work?


The new legislative term will officially start on 16 July, the first day of the new Parliament’s first plenary session.


Parliament’s main tasks are to adopt legislation, decide on the EU budget and hold other EU bodies to account.


The new Parliament will have to decide on what to do with files that weren’t finalised before the elections. These files include amongst others combatting corruption, AI liability, combatting sexual abuse of children, animal transport and the welfare of cats and dogs.


The Commission will start proposing new legislative files once it is in place.

Composition of the European Commission


Later in the year, MEPs will vote to elect the new President of the European Commission, nominated by the leaders of EU countries. Parliament will elect the President of the Commission by absolute majority using a secret ballot.


If the candidate does not obtain the required majority, the leaders of the EU will need to propose a new candidate within a month and Parliament will vote on the new candidate.


The newly appointed Commission President and EU countries will subsequently propose candidates for new Commissioners. Parliament will organise hearings of the Commissioner-designate so that MEPs from the relevant parliament committees can assess the suitability of candidates for their proposed portfolios


The process in Parliament will finish with a plenary vote, expected in the autumn, where MEPs will have to decide whether to approve the composition of the Commission as a whole.


European Council


The new President of the European Council is elected by its members, the heads of state or government of the EU countries, by qualified majority and should take office on 1 December.


How can I vote in the European elections?


Democracy is not something that should be taken for granted. Previous generations fought for democracy and freedom of thought. It is our duty now to preserve it and strengthen it, including by voting in the European elections.

To find all useful details about voting in your country, visit our elections website and choose your country and preferred language.


More on the European elections