EP resolutions

The human rights situation in Xinjiang, including the Xinjiang police files (9 June 2022)

Parliament strongly condemns the repression of the Uyghur community and other ethnic Turkic people in the Uyghur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang. These minority groups in China are victims of brutal measures such as mass deportation, political indoctrination, and family separation, restrictions of religious freedom, cultural destruction and extensive use of surveillance.

Parliament calls upon the EU and its member states to take all necessary steps to end these atrocities, including the adoption of additional sanctions targeting Chinese high-ranking officials identified in the Xinjiang police files and the suspension of the extradition treaties with China and Hong Kong.

The resolution was adopted on Thursday 9 June 2022 by show of hands.

Continued organ harvesting in China (5 May 2022)

Parliament expresses serious concern about reports of persistent, systematic, inhumane and state-sanctioned organ harvesting from prisoners in China, and more specifically from Falun Gong practitioners. It recalls that China has ratified the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, which provides for the absolute and non-derogable prohibition of said practices.

MEPs consider that the practice of organ harvesting from living prisoners on death row and prisoners of conscience in China may amount to crimes against humanity. They call on the Chinese authorities to respond promptly to the allegations of organ harvesting and to allow independent monitoring by international human rights mechanisms, including the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights.

The resolution was adopted on 5 May 2022 by show of hands.

Violations of fundamental freedoms in Hong Kong (20 January 2022)

Parliament condemns in the strongest terms the deterioration of human rights in Hong Kong, including severe restrictions on freedom of expression, freedom of association and press freedom. MEPs call on the Hong Kong government to release all political prisoners and drop charges against all peaceful protesters arrested in recent years.

The text was adopted in the plenary on 20 January 2022 by 585 votes in favour, 46 against and 41 abstentions.

EU-Taiwan political relations and cooperation (21 October 2021)

Parliament calls for closer relations with Taiwan guided by the EU's One China Policy, while issuing warnings over the continued tensions across the Taiwan Strait.

The text was approved on 21 October 2021 by 580 votes in favour, 26 against with 66 abstentions.

A new EU-China strategy (16 September 2021)

The EU should continue talking to China about global challenges like climate change and health crises, while raising its concerns over systemic human rights violations.

In a report adopted on Thursday 16 September 2021, by 570 votes in favour, 61 against with 40 abstentions, the European Parliament outlines six pillars on which the EU should build a new strategy to engage with China: cooperation on global challenges, engagement on international norms and human rights, identifying risks and vulnerabilities, building partnerships with like-minded partners, fostering strategic autonomy and defending European interests and values.

Chinese countersanctions on EU entities and MEPs and MPs (20 May 2021)

In a resolution adopted on Thursday 20 May 2021, Parliament condemns in the strongest possible terms the baseless and arbitrary sanctions recently imposed by the Chinese authorities on several European individuals and entities, including five MEPs. Members state that the move by Beijing is an attack on fundamental freedoms and urge the Chinese authorities to lift these wholly unjustified restrictive measures.

The text was approved in the plenary by 599 votes in favour, 30 against with 58 abstentions.

Crackdown on the democratic opposition in Hong Kong (21 January 2021)

Parliament calls for the immediate and unconditional release of representatives of the democratic opposition and activists arrested in Hong Kong in the first two weeks of 2021, as well as all those previously detained on charges of subversion under the National Security Law for Hong Kong.

Parliament also urges EU countries to consider introducing targeted sanctions against individuals in Hong Kong and China, including Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam, under the EU Human Rights Global Sanction Regime.

The text was approved by 597 votes in favour, 17 against and 61 abstentions.

Forced labour and the situation of the Uyghurs in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (17 December 2020)

The European Parliament resolution on forced labour and the situation of the Uyghurs in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in China was adopted in the plenary on 17 December 2020.

Parliament strongly condemns the Chinese government-led system of forced labour - in particular the exploitation of Uyghur, ethnic Kazakh and Kyrgyz, and other Muslim minority groups - in factories within and outside internment camps in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region.

MEPs are deeply concerned about the increasingly oppressive regime that many religious and ethnic minorities, in particular Uyghurs and Kazakhs, are facing in mainland China. These "violate their human dignity, as well as their rights to freedom of cultural expression and religious belief, to freedom of speech and expression, and to peaceful assembly and association".

They also deeply deplore the continued persecution and the serious and systematic human rights violations that amount to crimes against humanity.

The PRC national security law for Hong Kong (19 June 2020)

The European Parliament adopted by 565 votes to 34, with 62 abstentions, a resolution on the People's Republic of China national security law for Hong Kong and the need for the EU to defend Kong Kong's high degree of autonomy.

The text adopted in plenary had been tabled as a joint resolution by the EPP, S&D, Renew, Greens/EFA and ECR groups.

Situation of the Uyghurs in China (China Cables) (19 December 2019)

The European Parliament adopted a resolution on the situation of the Uyghurs in China (China Cables). The text adopted in plenary was tabled as a joint resolution by the EPP, S&D, Renew, Greens/EFA and ECR groups.

Since President Xi Jinping assumed power in March 2013, the human rights situation in China has continued to deteriorate. The situation in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, where more than 10 million Muslim Uyghurs and ethnic Kazakhs live, has rapidly deteriorated in the last few years. The Chinese authorities are conducting an increasingly intense campaign of mass internment, intrusive digital surveillance. political indoctrination and forced cultural assimilation.

There is reliable information to suggest that Uyghurs and other primarily Muslim ethnic minorities in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region have been subjected to arbitrary detention, torture, egregious restrictions on religious practice and culture.