Updating the European digital identity framework

Briefing 02-05-2023

Safeguarding EU citizens’ digital identity: European digital identity wallet

The 2014 Regulation on electronic identification and trust services for electronic transactions in the internal market (eIDAS Regulation or eIDAS) was the first digital identity legislation to provide the basis for cross-border electronic identification, authentication and website certification throughout the EU. Application of eIDAS has been mixed. However, the pandemic increased the need for such solutions to be put in place to access public and private services. On 3 June 2021, the Commission put forward a proposal building on the eIDAS framework, with the aim of giving at least 80 % of citizens the possibility to use a digital identity to access key public services by 2030 and to do so across EU borders. The updated European digital identity framework would also allow citizens to identify and authenticate themselves online (via their European digital identity wallet) without having to resort to commercial providers, a practice that raises trust, security and privacy concerns. In parallel, the Commission adopted a recommendation to design a toolbox supporting the framework so as to avoid fragmentation and barriers due to diverging standards. Within the European Parliament, the file has been assigned to the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE). Parliament approved its negotiating position in March 2023. The Council agreed its position in December 2022. Interinstitutional negotiations started in March 2023. Third edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.