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EU development cooperation and ethical certification schemes: impact, transparency and traceability EN

15-07-2020 PE 603.487 DEVE
Estudio
Resumen : ‘Transparency’, ‘Traceability’, ‘Sustainable standards’, ‘good agricultural practices’ and ‘zero-deforestation’ are all fine terms which [alongside many others] have emerged in connection with the cocoa sector’s certification process. But does the reality of this process justify using such terms? Our initial conclusions in this study, based on an analysis of existing research over recent years, revealed that a considerable number of investigations had been commissioned by the certification schemes themselves. Key findings presented by the various studies all conveyed a positive tone. However, on closer inspection we felt that smallholders covered by the programmes were ‘following party lines’ rather than speaking freely. This suspicion was well-founded. Having built up trust in the villages during several years of field-work, we eventually gained access to exclusive data held by the cooperatives and certification programmes. We have used this evidence in order to draw a comparison between the virtual world portrayed by certification schemes’ narrative and the real world being faced by cocoa producers. Certification schemes claim that they give a sense of trust within the value chain, particularly in regard to produce traceability. They also claim to assist farmers, by way of training, various inputs (fertilisers etc.) and credit schemes. In reality, these ‘advantages’ are not visible at farm level. Budgets prepared by cooperatives to justify the use of premiums reflect structural flaws in certification and access to information. Serious questions arise surrounding deforestation, child labour and the payment of premiums. Social investment is minimal and consumers’ perception diverges from the reality. In conclusion, we make a number of key proposals and suggestions based on stakeholders’ complaints and recommendations.
Autores : Enrique URIBE LEITZ, François RUF

The use of development funds for de-risking private investment: how effective is it in delivering development? EN

07-05-2020 PE 603.486 DEVE
Estudio
Resumen : The use of Official Development Assistance (ODA) to mobilise private finance is increasingly seen as essential to meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Numerous development agencies have set up diverse de-risking initiatives to attract private investment to development projects and the EU is planning to scale up blending support in the near future. Such measures have reportedly been successful in raising private finance and in improving development outcomes, but there are concerns with this approach. Private shareholders may receive funds at the expense of sectors and regions where they are most needed. Funds remain insufficient to plug the SDG funding gap. Blending can create longer-term risks for development agencies and costs for recipient governments. Traditional evaluations often do not capture the full impact of such policies. Furthermore, there is an opportunity cost to using ODA in this way and blending may promote the perspective of financial investors over development outcomes.
Autores : Kate BAYLISS, Bruno BONIZZI, Ourania DIMAKOU, Christina LASKARIDIS, Farwa SIAL, Elisa VAN WAEYENBERGE

Commitments made at the hearings of the Commissioners-designate - von der Leyen Commission 2019-2024 EN

25-11-2019 PE 630.241 TRAN PETI ITRE INTA BUDG AFET DEVE EMPL ENVI CONT ECON REGI IMCO PECH CULT AGRI AFCO FEMM JURI LIBE
De un vistazo
Resumen : This document provides links to all Briefings produced by the Policy Departments of the Directorate-General for Internal Policies and of the Directorate-General for External Policies of the European Parliament, with salient points and essential commitments made by the Vice-Presidents and Commissioners-designates at their respective hearings before the European Parliament. For an exhaustive list of all commitments made and positions taken by the candidates, the full verbatim report of each public hearing is available on the dedicated hearings website of the European Parliament, as are the written questions and answers.

Compromisos contraídos en las audiencias de los comisarios propuestos - Comisión Von der Leyen, 2019-2024

25-11-2019 PE 629.837 TRAN PETI ITRE INTA BUDG AFET DEVE EMPL ENVI CONT REGI IMCO ECON PECH CULT AGRI AFCO FEMM JURI LIBE
Briefing
Resumen : El presente documento es una compilación de los puntos principales y los compromisos esenciales contraídos por los vicepresidentes y los comisarios propuestos en sus respectivas audiencias ante el Parlamento Europeo. Su finalidad es proporcionarle una herramienta práctica y concisa para llevar un seguimiento de los esfuerzos y las medidas de la futura Comisión. Si desea consultar una lista exhaustiva de todos los compromisos contraídos y las posiciones adoptadas por los candidatos, el acta literal entera de cada audiencia pública, así como las preguntas y las respuestas por escrito, está disponible en el sitio web de las audiencias específico del Parlamento Europeo.

Commitments made at the hearing of Jutta URPILAINEN, Commissioner-designate - International Partnerships EN

22-11-2019 PE 639.309 DEVE
Briefing
Resumen : The Commissioner-designate, Jutta Urpilainen, appeared before the European Parliament on 01 October 2019 to answer MEPs’ questions. During the hearing, she made a number of commitments which are highlighted in this document. These commitments refer to her portfolio, as described in the mission letter sent to her by Ursula von der Leyen, President-elect of the European Commission, including: Building sustainable partnerships.
Autores : FLAVIA BERNARDINI

Commitments made at the hearing of Janez LENARČIČ, Commissioner-designate - Crisis Management EN

22-11-2019 PE 639.310 DEVE
Briefing
Resumen : The commissioner-designate, Janez Lenarčič, appeared before the European Parliament on 02 October 2019 to answer questions from MEPs in the Committee on Development, in association with the Committee on Environment. During the hearing, he made a number of commitments which are highlighted in this document. These commitments refer to his portfolio, as described in the mission letter sent to him by Ursula von der Leyen, President-elect of the European Commission, including: European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid.
Autores : Gonzalo URBINA TREVIÑO