2020 resolution on the dangerous escalation in the Eastern-Mediterranean

Ahead of a Special European Council meeting on 24 and 25 September on the dangerous escalation and the role of Turkey in the Eastern Mediterranean, MEPs express their full solidarity with Greece and Cyprus, in a resolution adopted by 601 votes in favour, 57 against and 36 abstentions.

Stating that the EU is clear and determined in defending its interests, MEPs call on Turkey to immediately end any further illegal exploration and drilling activities in the Eastern Mediterranean, to refrain from violating Greek airspace and Greek and Cypriot territorial waters and stop "nationalistic warmongering rhetoric".

2019 resolution on the Turkish military operation in northeast Syria

European Parliament strongly condemns the unilateral Turkish military intervention in northeast Syria, urging Turkey to withdraw all of its forces from Syrian territory. MEPs warn that Turkey's intervention in northeast Syria is a grave violation of international law, undermining the stability and security of the region as a whole. The EP advocates establishing a UN-led security zone in northern Syria and rejects Turkish plans for "a so-called safe zone" along the border in north-east Syria.

It finds it unacceptable that Turkish President has weaponised refugees and "used them to blackmail the EU". The EP calls on the Council to introduce a set of targeted sanctions and visa bans on Turkish officials responsible for human rights abuses, as well as to consider adopting targeted economic measures against Turkey. Suspending trade preferences in the agricultural products agreement should be considered and as a last resort, the suspension of the EU-Turkey Customs Union.

2019 resolution on situation in Turkey, notably the removal of elected mayors

The European Parliament adopted the resolution on 19 September 2019 in the single reading procedure. The resolution expresses serious concern regarding the replacement of the democratically elected mayors in south-east Turkey by government-appointed provincial governors/trustees, as it calls into question respect for the democratic outcomes of the 31 March 2019 elections and undermines the democratic structure of Turkey. It calls on the Turkish authorities to reinstate all mayors and other elected officials who won local elections on 31 March 2019 and were prevented from assuming office or were dismissed. Furthermore, it reiterates its profound concern at the ongoing deterioration of fundamental freedoms and the rule of law and urges Turkey to make its anti-terrorism legislation compliant with international human rights standards, to uphold international principles, ensuring pluralism and the freedoms of association and expression and an enabling environment for those elected.

2019 resolution on the 2018 Commission Report on Turkey

The European Parliament adopted the resolution on 13 March 2019 in the 1st reading/single reading procedure.
MEPs are seriously concerned about Turkey's poor track record in upholding the human rights, the rule of law, the media freedom and the fight against corruption. Taking the above into account, MEPs recommend to suspend EU accession talks with Turkey and stress that EU-Turkey relations must be redefined in terms of an effective partnership. EU funds, however, must still be available to support Turkish civil society, human rights defenders and students. The European Parliament also notes the importance for both the EU and its Member States and Turkey of maintaining close dialogue and cooperation on foreign policy and security issues and acknowledges the important role played by Turkey in responding to the migration crisis.

2018 resolution covering the cancellation of the support to Turkey from IPA II

The European Parliament adopted by 544 votes to 28, with 74 abstentions, a resolution on the Council position on Draft amending budget No 5/2018 of the European Union for the financial year 2018, Section III - Commission: Cancellation of the reserve related to the support to Turkey from the Instrument for Pre-Accession (IPA II), reinforcement of the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) and of the Humanitarian Aid for other urgent actions and modification of the establishment plan of the Innovation and Networks Executive Agency (INEA) in the context of the WiFi4EU initiative.The resolution, among other things, covers the cancellation of the reserves of EUR 70 million in commitment appropriations and EUR 35 million in payment appropriations linked to assistance for Turkey from the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA II).

2018 resolution on the extension of the facility for refugees in Turkey

The European Parliament adopted, by 548 votes to 70, with 61 abstentions, a resolution on the Council position on Draft amending budget No 3/2018 of the European Union for the financial year 2018, Section III - Commission: extension of the facility for refugees in Turkey.

Members recalled that the Commission amended on 14 March 2018 its decision on the Facility for Refugees (FRT) in Turkey in order to allocate an additional EUR 3 billion (a 'second tranche') to the FRT, in line with the EU-Turkey Statement of 18 March 2016.

Draft amending budget No 3/2018 aims to add EUR 500 million in commitment appropriations to the 2018 Union budget as the 2018 Union contribution to the second tranche, in addition to the EUR 50 million financed from the existing Humanitarian Aid budgetary envelope in 2018.

2018 resolution on the case of two Greek soldiers

The European Parliament adopted a resolution by 607 votes to 7 with 18 abstentions on the violation of human rights and the rule of law in the case of two Greek soldiers arrested and detained in Turkey

The resolution was tabled by the EPP, S&D, ECR, ALDE, Greens/EFA, GUE/NGL, and EFDD groups.

Parliament called on Turkey to swiftly conclude the judicial process and release the two Greek soldiers detained since March and return them to Greece. The two Greek soldiers have been held in a Turkish prison for more than one month without charges being brought against them, leaving them unaware of the crime of which they are accused.

2018 resolution on the current human rights situation in Turkey

The European Parliament adopted a resolution on the current human rights situation in Turkey.

The resolution was tabled by the EPP, S&D, ECR, ALDE, GUE/NGL, Greens/EFA, and EFDD groups.

Whilst expressing its strong condemnation of the coup attempt of 16 July 2016, Parliament expressed its deep concern at the ongoing deterioration in fundamental rights and the rule of law in Turkey, and the lack of judicial independence. According to Amnesty International, the Turkish authorities have shut down hundreds of civil society organisations and closed down the offices of more than 160 broadcasters, newspapers, magazines, publishers and distribution companies.

2016 Resolution on Commission Report on Turkey

The European Parliament adopted, on the 6 July 2017, by 477 votes to 64, with 97 abstentions, a resolution on the 2016 Commission report on Turkey.

Parliament stressed that 2016 was a difficult year for the Turkish population as a result of the continuing war in Syria, the large number of refugees, the conflict in the south-east of the country, and the attempted coup in which 248 people were killed.

Parliament firmly condemned the fact that the Turkish President and several other political figures have repeatedly spoken in favour of restoring the death penalty.

Members underlined their unequivocal rejection of the death penalty and stated that this is an essential requirement for accession to the European Union.

It asked the Commission and the Member States to formally suspend the accession negotiations with Turkey without further delay if the package of constitutional reforms currently provided by the Turkish Government is implemented as it stands.

EU-Turkey relations

The European Parliament adopted, on the 24 November 2016, by 479 votes to 37, with 107 abstentions, a resolution on EU-Turkey relations.

The text adopted in plenary was tabled by the EPP, S&D, ECR, ALDE, GUE/NGL and Greens/EFA groups.

Parliament strongly condemned the repressive measures taken in Turkey since the failed military coup attempt in July 2016. The Turkish Government's measures under the state of emergency are disproportionate and in breach of basic rights and freedoms protected by the Turkish Constitution, of democratic values upon which the European Union is founded.

While reaffirming its commitment to keeping Turkey anchored to the EU, Parliament called on the Commission and the Member States to initiate a temporary freeze of the ongoing accession negotiations with Turkey.

Members reiterated that the reintroduction of capital punishment by the Turkish Government would have to lead to a formal suspension of the accession process.

The situation of journalists in Turkey

The European Parliament adopted, on the 27 October 2016, a resolution on the situation of journalists in Turkey.

The text adopted in plenary was tabled by the EPP, S&D, ECR, ALDE, GUE/NGL, Greens/EFA and EFDD groups.

Members recalled that according to the European Federation of Journalists and the Turkish Journalists' Association, following the coup attempt of 15 July 2016 the Turkish police have arrested at least 99 journalists and writers, most of whom have had no charges brought against them to date, bringing the number of media workers detained on charges believed to be related to their exercise of the right to freedom of expression to at least 130, as of 20 October 2016.

Parliament stressed that the failed military take-over cannot be used as an excuse for the Turkish Government to further stifle legitimate and peaceful opposition and to prevent journalists and the media in their peaceful exercise of freedom of expression.

Resumption of the EEC-Turkey Association (1988)

of 15 September 1988
on the resumption of the EEC-Turkey Association

The European Parliament

1) Stresses that, under the influence of the countries of Europe, present-day Turkey has established constitutions and a legal system on the democratic models of the Western European nations, though these have been suspended periodically through coups d'etat;

2) Considers that Turkey's special significance for Europe can best be acknowledged through the application and where appropriate extension of the Association Agreement; takes the view, however, that this can only be considerd when democracy ain Turkey is fully restored and human rights are respected;

3) Is therefore prepared to consider a resumption of the association in light of developments in Turkey.

Création d'une commission parlementaire mixte C.E.E.-Turquie

Le 14 mai 1965 le Parlement européen est appelé à statuer sur la demande de discussion d'urgence, sans renvoi en commission, de la proposition de résolution tendant à la création d'une commission parlementaire mixte C.E.E.-Turquie.

Le Parlement europeen

1) Décide :

a) La création d'une Commission parlementaire mixte composée de 15 membres désignés par la Grande Assemblée nationale de Turquie et de 15 membres à désigner par le Parlement européen au sein de sa Commis­ sion des associations [...]

b) Que la Commission parlementaire mixte C.E.E.-Turquie ait pour mission de débattre tous problèmes concernant les relations de la Turquie avec la Communauté européenne, notamment sur la base d'un rapport annuel qui lui serait présenté par le Conseil d'association [...]