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The state of play of Schengen governance An assessment of the Schengen evaluation and monitoring mechanism in its first multiannual programme EN

27-11-2020 PE 658.699 LIBE
Študija
Povzetek : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee, assesses the operation and impact of the Schengen evaluation and monitoring mechanism in its first multiannual programme (2014-19), with the aim of identifying what has worked well and developing recommendations to strengthen it. The past decade has presented multiple controversies involving the governments of Schengen states as well as EU institutions, leading to a persistent state of apparent crisis. The ongoing “Schengen crisis” is rooted in political changes and in structural shortcomings of the Schengen regime. Despite these obstacles, the resilience of the Schengen system should not be underestimated.
Avtorji : Martin WAGNER & Caitlin KATSIAFICAS Josephine LIEBL Leila HADJ ABDOU & Lenka DRAŽANOVÁ Julien JEANDESBOZ

Protecting civil society space: strengthening freedom of association, assembly and expression and the right to defend rights in the EU EN

28-10-2020 PE 659.660 LIBE
Študija
Povzetek : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee, covers the challenges facing the civil society space. Watchdog NGOs and other human rights defenders have been under pressure during the humanitarian and rule of law ‘crises’. Several EU Member States have passed laws that fall short of international, regional and EU freedom of association standards. Some governments have used the COVID-19 pandemic to further restrict the civic space. The study explores how the EU could protect civil society from unjust state interference by strengthening freedom of association, assembly and expression, as well as the right to defend human rights. The study elaborates on four policy options: introducing a European association statute; establishing internal guidelines to respect and protect human rights defenders; developing a civil society stability index; and creating a network of focal contact points for civil society at EU institutions. It recommends strengthening the independence of critical civil society actors and increasing funding for activities such as strategic litigation to uphold EU laws and values.
Avtorji : Lina VOSYLIŪTĖ, Ngo Chun LUK

Commitments made at the hearings of the Commissioners-designate - von der Leyen Commission 2019-2024 EN

16-10-2020 PE 630.241 TRAN PETI ITRE INTA BUDG AFET DEVE EMPL ENVI CONT ECON REGI IMCO PECH CULT AGRI AFCO FEMM JURI LIBE
Na kratko
Povzetek : This document provides links to all Briefings produced by the Policy Departments of the Directorate-General for Internal Policies and of the Directorate-General for External Policies of the European Parliament, with salient points and essential commitments made by the Vice-Presidents and Commissioners-designates at their respective hearings before the European Parliament, in September-November 2019 and in October 2020. For an exhaustive list of all commitments made and positions taken by the candidates, the full verbatim report of each public hearing is available on the dedicated hearings website of the European Parliament, as are the written questions and answers.

In the name of COVID: An Assessment of the Schengen Internal Border Controls and Travel Restrictions in the EU EN

30-09-2020 PE 659.506 LIBE
Študija
Povzetek : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee, assesses the mobility restrictive measures adopted by the EU and its Member States in the fight against COVID-19. It examines the reintroduction of Schengen internal border controls and intra- and extra-EU travel restrictions. It assesses their compatibility with the Schengen Borders Code, including proportionality, non-discrimination, privacy and free movement. The research demonstrates that policy priorities have moved from a logic of containment to one characterized by a policing approach on intra-EU mobility giving priority to the use of police identity/health checks, interoperable databases and the electronic surveillance of every traveller. It concludes that Schengen is not in 'crisis'. Instead there has been an ‘EU enforcement and evaluation gap’ of Member States compliance with EU rules in areas falling under EU competence.
Avtorji : Sergio Carrera, Ngo Chun Luk
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Skrajšana različica

Police Information Exchange - The future developments regarding Prüm and the API Directive EN

15-09-2020 PE 658.542 LIBE
Študija
Povzetek : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee, aims to provide background information and policy recommendations concerning police information exchange and in particular the future developments regarding Prüm and the API Directive (Directive 2004/82/EC).
Avtorji : Dr Niovi VAVOULA, Queen Mary University of London
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Skrajšana različica

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - September 2020 EN

11-09-2020 PE 648.238 BUDG CULT AFET EMPL LIBE
Na kratko
Povzetek : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Hate speech and hate crime in the EU and the evaluation of online content regulation approaches EN

15-07-2020 PE 655.135 LIBE
Študija
Povzetek : This study was commissioned by the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee. The study argues that hate speech and hate crimes poison societies by threatening individual rights, human dignity and equality, reinforcing tensions between social groups, disturbing public peace and public order, and jeopardising peaceful coexistence. The lack of adequate means of prevention and response violates values enshrined in Article 2 of the TEU. Member States have diverging rules, and national public administrations are torn by disagreement in values. Therefore, EU regulation is needed to reinforce the existing standards and take measures to counter hate speech and counter-act against hate speech and hate crime. The study – on the basis of a cross-country comparison conducted – proposes concrete, enforceable and systematic soft and hard law measures to counter hate speech and hate crimes EU-wide efficiently.
Avtorji : Judit BAYER, Petra BÁRD
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Skrajšana različica

SAFETY OF JOURNALISTS AND THE FIGHTING OF CORRUPTION IN THE EU EN

15-07-2020 PE 655.187 LIBE
Študija
Povzetek : Journalism and journalists face a growing range of threats, including violence and harassment; the misuse of defamation and other laws against them, and restrictive measures on freedom of information and expression adopted in response to the Covid-19 crisis. States must ensure a safe and favourable environment for journalists to perform their public watchdog function. This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee, examines the overall chilling effect of crimes and threats against journalists and explores various regulatory and other measures to counter them.
Avtorji : Tarlach McGONAGLE
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Skrajšana različica

Climate Change and Migration EN

15-07-2020 PE 655.591 LIBE
Študija
Povzetek : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee, examines legal and policy responses to environmental migration and displacement. Following a review of international, regional and national initiatives and legal instruments, it offers recommendations on ways to better address root causes and consequences of the climate change-migration nexus in Europe and beyond.
Avtorji : Albert KRALER, Danube University Krems Caitlin KATSIAFICAS, International Centre for Migration Policy Development Martin WAGNER, International Centre for Migration Policy Development

Artificial Intelligence and Law Enforcement - Impact on Fundamental Rights EN

15-07-2020 PE 656.295 LIBE
Študija
Povzetek : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee, examines the impact on fundamental rights of Artificial Intelligence in the field of law enforcement and criminal justice, from a European Union perspective. It presents the applicable legal framework (notably in relation to data protection), and analyses major trends and key policy discussions. The study also considers developments following the Covid-19 outbreak. It argues that the seriousness and scale of challenges may require intervention at EU level, based on the acknowledgement of the area’s specificities.
Avtorji : Prof. Dr. Gloria GONZÁLEZ FUSTER, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB)
Vrsta dokumenta

Skrajšana različica

Organised Property Crime in the EU EN

14-07-2020 PE 656.042 LIBE
Študija
Povzetek : This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE), aims to provide information on Organised Property Crime in the EU, by offering a strategic discussion on the Union policies on this topic and highlighting key recommendations for future action. The study proposes a holistic approach to the problem, adding new elements to existing measures.
Avtorji : Ernesto U. SAVONA, Director of Transcrime (Joint Research Centre on Transnational Crime) Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan (www.transcrime.it) Matteo ANASTASIO, Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies and intern at Transcrime-Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan
Vrsta dokumenta

Skrajšana različica

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - June 2020 EN

12-06-2020 PE 630.249 INTA BUDG REGI IMCO LIBE
Na kratko
Povzetek : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Strengthening the Fundamental Rights Agency - The Revision of the Fundamental Rights Agency Regulation EN

15-05-2020 PE 653.056 LIBE
Študija
Povzetek : Since it was set up in 2007, the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights has demonstrated its ability produce high-quality research, and to provide the EU institutions and the EU Member States implementing Union law with expert advice on fundamental rights issues. The regulatory framework under which the Agency operates, however, is not fully appropriate to discharge its mandate effectively. This in-depth study commissioned by the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs identifies how it could be improved.
Avtorji : Professor Olivier DE SCHUTTER
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Skrajšana različica

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - May 2020 EN

11-05-2020 PE 630.248 ITRE ECON REGI BUDG IMCO EMPL ENVI LIBE DROI
Na kratko
Povzetek : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

The Impact of Covid-19 Measures on Democracy, the Rule of Law and Fundamental Rights in the EU EN

23-04-2020 PE 651.343 LIBE
Briefing
Povzetek : This Briefing was prepared by the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs upon request of the LIBE committee Monitoring Group on Democracy, Rule of Law and Fundamental Rights. It focuses on the measures adopted by EU Member States to fight Covid-19 and their impact on democracy, the rule of law and fundamental rights in the EU. The Policy Department has monitored such measures and examined their impact in relation to: state of emergency and exceptional powers, the functioning of national parliaments and of the judiciary; freedom of movement; freedom of expression and of the media; freedom of assembly; privacy and data protection; asylum; prisons; discrimination and vulnerable groups; other issues of relevance for Art. 2 TEU. The monitoring exercise reveals a series of areas of possible concern for the EU and the European Parliament. This exercise is notably useful in preparation of the first annual inter-institutional monitoring exercise in the framework of the new European mechanism on the Rule of Law.
Avtorji : Ottavio MARZOCCHI

New avenues for legal and labour migration - Selected and commented bibliography of research since 2015 EN

06-04-2020 PE 649.576 LIBE
Poglobljena analiza
Povzetek : The Commissions Legal Migration Fitness check of March 2019 found the objectives of the EU's legal migration directives still relevant to the EU's needs, but found that it presents a fragmented system which impacts the coherence and effectiveness of the system as a whole. In view of the upcoming LIBE own-initiative report on "New avenues for legal labour migration", this in-depth analysis of Policy Department C presents short summaries of relevant research on the subject since 2015, covering the role and effects of migration policies, the mobility of third-country nationals in the EU, how to attract international talent to the EU and how to improve integration in the host society.
Avtorji : Marion SCHMID-DRÜNER
Vrsta dokumenta

Skrajšana različica

Zaveze, sprejete na zaslišanjih kandidatov za komisarje - Komisija pod vodstvom Ursule von der Leyen, 2019–2024

25-11-2019 PE 629.837 TRAN PETI ITRE INTA BUDG AFET DEVE EMPL ENVI CONT REGI IMCO ECON PECH CULT AGRI AFCO FEMM JURI LIBE
Briefing
Povzetek : V tem dokumentu so zbrane najpomembnejše točke in bistvene zaveze, ki so jih kandidati za podpredsednike in komisarje sprejeli na zaslišanjih v Evropskem parlamentu. Namen tega dokumenta je zagotoviti praktično in strnjeno podlago za spremljanje prizadevanj in ukrepov prihodnje Komisije. Izčrpen seznam vseh zavez in stališč, ki so jih izrazili kandidati, je na voljo v dobesednih zapisih vseh javnih zaslišanj, in sicer na spletnem mestu Evropskega parlamenta za zaslišanja, kjer so objavljena tudi pisna vprašanja in odgovori.

Commitments made at the hearing of Margaritis SCHINAS, Vice-President-designate - Promoting the European Way of Life EN

22-11-2019 PE 621.920 CULT LIBE
Briefing
Povzetek : The Vice President-designate, Margaritis Schinas, appeared before the European Parliament on 03 October 2019 to answer questions from MEPs in the Committees on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs, Culture and Education, Employment and Social Affairs. During the hearing, he made a number of commitments which are highlighted in this document. These commitments refer to his portfolio, as described in the mission letter sent to him by Ursula von der Leyen, President-elect of the European Commission, including: - Skills, education and integration; - Finding common ground on migration; and - Security Union.
Avtorji : Katarzyna Anna ISKRA, INA SOKOLSKA, PIERRE MARIE HERIARD

Commitments made at the hearing of Ylva JOHANSSON, Commissioner-designate - Home Affairs EN

22-11-2019 PE 621.922 LIBE
Briefing
Povzetek : The commissioner-designate, Ylva Johansson, appeared before the European Parliament on 01 October 2019 to answer MEPs’ questions. During the hearing, she made a number of commitments which are highlighted in this document. These commitments refer to her portfolio, as described in the mission letter sent to her by Ursula von der Leyen, President-elect of the European Commission, including: General approach, Common European values, A fresh start on migration and Internal security.
Avtorji : Udo BUX

Commitments made at the hearing of Didier REYNDERS, Commissioner-designate - Justice EN

22-11-2019 PE 621.923 JURI LIBE
Briefing
Povzetek : The commissioner-designate, Didier Reynders, appeared before the European Parliament on 02 October 2019 to answer questions from MEPs in the Committees on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs, the Committee on Legal Affairs and the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection. During the hearing, he made a number of commitments which are highlighted in this document. These commitments refer to his portfolio, as described in the mission letter sent to him by Ursula von der Leyen, President-elect of the European Commission, including: Upholding the rule of law; and Justice and consumer protection.
Avtorji : Udo BUX, Ottavio MARZOCCHI

Commitments made at the hearing of Věra JOUROVÁ, Vice-President-designate - Values and Transparency EN

22-11-2019 PE 621.924 AFCO LIBE
Briefing
Povzetek : The Vice President-designate, Věra Jourová, appeared before the European Parliament on 07 October 2019 to answer questions from MEPs in the Committees on Constitutional affairs, Civil liberties, justice and home affairs, and Legal affairs. During the hearing, she made a number of commitments which are highlighted in this document. These commitments refer to her portfolio, as described in the mission letter sent to her by Ursula von der Leyen, President-elect of the European Commission, including: á - Strengthening democracy and transparency; and - Upholding Europe’s values and rights.
Avtorji : Ottavio MARZOCCHI, Eeva PAVY