To ????pa??? ?????ß?????
e? d??se?
?a ?????te?a s?µe?a 1999-2004

 
?? ????pa??? ?????ß????? ?? ?esµ??? ???a??
?eta????µ?s? t?? ??
??e????s?
???a??µata t?? p???t??
????pa??? ??a???e?a
???ta t?? ?eµe???d?? d??a??µ?t??
Teµe???d? d??a??µata
???sßas? t?? p???t?? se ????afa
??pa?de?s? ?a? ????t???t?ta t?? ????
???a??s??? ?a? es?te????? ?p???se??
???te????? s??se??
?e??ß????? /
???stas?a t?? ?ata?a??t??
?etaf???? /
?e??fe?e?a?? ????t???
Ge????a / ???e?a
??????µ??? ?a? ??µ?sµat??? ????t???
?pas????s? ?a? ????????? p???t??? / ???a??µata t?? ???a????
?s?te???? a???? / ???µ??a??a / ?????e?a / ??e??a
 

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? ???t??: ????? d??a??µata ?a? a??e?

"?? ?a?? t?? ????p??, e??a??d????ta? µeta?? t??? µ?a d?a???? ste??te?? ???s?, ap?f?s?sa? ?a µ???ast??? ??a e??????? µ????? ?eµe???µ??? se ?????? a??e?". ?ts? ?e???? t? p????µ?? t?? ???t? t?? Teµe???d?? ???a??µ?t??, t? ?p??? e???????e ?at? t? ????pa??? S?µß????? t?? ???a?a?, t?? ?e??µß??? t?? 2000. ?? ?e?µe?? a?t?, t? ?p??? a?aµ??eta? ?a ap?te??se? a?ap?spast? tµ?µa t?? µe????t???? S??t??µat?? t?? ???s??, ?at??????e? t?? a??a?? ?a?a?t??a t?? ????pa???? ?????t?ta? ? ?p??a, ?at? ß?s?? ??????µ??? st? ?e????µ? t??, ??e? ?ataste? s?µe?a µ?a p???t??? ???s? ?a? ??a? ????? e?e??e??a?, asf??e?a? ?a? d??a??s????.

"?? ????????? ???? ?? p???te?, ???a??e? ?a? ??d?e?, t?? 'E??s?? ?t? ap? t??a ? ???t?? ?a e??a? ? ??µ?? t?? S????e?s??. Ta e??a? st? e??? ? a?af??? µa? ??a ??e? t?? p???e?? t?? ????pa???? ?????ß?????? p?? ?a ????? ?µes? ? ?µµes? s??desµ? µe t??? p???te? ???? t?? 'E??s??". ? d???s? a?t? t?? ?. Nicole Fontaine, ????d??? t?? ????pa???? ?????ß?????? (1999-2001), ? ?p??a ????e ?at? t? s???d? ????f?? t?? ???a?a?, ?p????µµ??e t?? pa???????? s?µas?a t?? ?e????t?? ?a? t?? p??s????? ?at????? µ?a? µa???? µ???? t?? ????pa???? ?????ß??????, t? ?p??? ap? pa??? ep???µ??se ?a ef?d??se? t?? ???s? µe ??a? ?at????? ?????? d??a??µ?t?? ?a? a????.

?d? t? 1989, t? ????pa??? ?????ß????? e??e e??t?se? µe t?? t??p? t?? ta d?a??s?a ?????a ap? t? Ga????? ?pa??stas? e???????ta? µ?a "??a?????? t?? Teµe???d?? ???a??µ?t?? ?a? ??e??e????". ?p???e ?d? ??a ?e?µe?? a?af???? ??a ta ???t? µ??? t?? S?µß?????? t?? ????p?? ?a? t??? p???te? t???: ? ????pa??? S?µßas? t?? ???a??µ?t?? t?? ?????p??, ? ?p??a ?pe???f? t? 1950. ?µ?? t? ?e?µe?? a?t? de? ?ta? t?? ????pa???? ???s?? ?a? de? e??µßa?e ?p??? µ?s? a???a e??????? t?? e???pa???? ???????a?. ? te????????? ?a? ????????? p???d?? apa?t??se ??a st???e?a p??stas?a? t?? p???t??, ?d?a?te?a de se t?µe?? ?p?? ?? te???????e? t?? p????f?????, ?? ß??te???????e?, ? apa???e?s? t?? d?a???se??, ? p???f???a t?? µ?s?? e??µ???s??, ? "???st? d?????s?", ?.?p. ?p?p????, ? S?µßas? t?? S?µß?????? t?? ????p?? s???de??ta? ap? d?de?a p??t?????a ta ?p??a, se a?t??es? µe t?? ?d?a t? s?µßas?, de? e??a? ?????e? ap? ??a ta ???t? µ???.

?? d?ad?????? s?????e? p?? µetaµ??f?sa? t?? ????pa??? ?????t?ta se p???t??? ???s?, ?a? µe? apa???µ??sa? d??f??a d??a??µata ?a? a??e?, a??? ?at? t??p? d??spa?t?. ?p?epe ???p?? ?a s??e??????, ap?saf???s???? ?a? e?s???????s???? ??e? a?t?? ?? a?af???? se ??a e??a?? ?a? s??e?t??? ?e?µe??, ?d??? e???e? t?? ??ta??? p????? p???? ??µµ????st???? ????? st?? ???s?, se µ?a ?????t?ta a???? t?? ?p??e? e??a? ap?ste???e? ??a de?aet?e?. ?????, ?p?epe ?a d??e? st? ???ast???? t?? ????pa???? ?????t?t?? - t? ???ast???? t?? ????eµß?????? - ??a ?e?µe?? a?af???? a?????? p??? t? S?µßas? t?? S?µß?????? t?? ????p??, st?? ?p??a st????eta? t? ????pa??? ???ast???? ?????p???? ???a??µ?t?? t?? St?asß??????.

? p??t? S????e?s?

?? ????pa??? S?µß????? t?? ??????a?, t?? ?????? t?? 1999, ?e???se ?t? e??e ???e? ? ?a???? ?a s??t??e? ? ???s? ??a? ???t? t?? Teµe???d?? ???a??µ?t??, ? ?p???? ?a s???e?t???e? ta ast???, p???t???, ??????µ??? ?a? ????????? d??a??µata t?? e???pa??? p???t??. "? seßasµ?? t?? ?eµe???d?? d??a??µ?t?? ap?te?e? µ?a ap? t?? ?d??t???? a???? t?? ????pa???? ???s?? ?a? t?? apa?a?t?t? ??? ??a t? ??µ?µ?p???s? t??". ?ts? s?????t????e µ?a "S????e?s?". Se a?t?? s?µµete??a? 15 a?t?p??s?p?? t?? a?????? ??at?? ?a? ??ße???se??, 30 e?p??s?p?? e?????? ?????ß??????, 16 e?p??s?p?? t?? ????pa???? ?????ß?????? ?a? ??a? e?p??s?p?? t?? ????pa???? ?p?t??p??. ??? p??ed??a t?? S????e?s?? a???aße ? p???? ???ed??? t?? ??µ???at?a? t?? Ge?µa??a? ?. Roman Herzog, ?a? t?? ??t?p??s?pe?a? t?? ????pa???? ?????ß?????? ? ?. Iñigo Méndez de Vigo.

St?? 17 ?e?eµß???? 1999, ? ?. Herzog ?????e t?? ??a??? t?? e??as???: "Ta ?ata?t?s??µe ??a ?e?µe?? p?? de? ?a ??e? ?µesa t?? ?p???e?t??? ?s?? p?? s??d?eta? µe t?? e???pa??? ?a? ?????t??? ??µ??es?a. Ost?s?, ?a p??pe? ?a ????µe p??ta ?at? ??? ?t? ? ???t?? p?? ?a s??t????µe ?a ap??t?se? µ?a µ??a, se ??a s?et??? e???? µ?????, ?p???e?t??? ?a?a?t??a (...). ?a?? ?a e??a? ?a ?ata?t?s??µe ??a? ?at????? ? ?p????, ?ta? ?ataste? desµe?t????, ?a µ? ??e???eta? ??te s??t?µe?se?? ??te a?a?e???se??."

????te???? ap? 10 µ??e? a???te?a, ?a? ?ste?a ap? de???? d?µ?s?e? s??ed???se?? ???µe?e?a? st?? ?p??e? ? ???????a t?? p???t?? (s??d??a??st???? ???a??se??, ???, ?.?p.) µp??ese ?a d?at?p?se? t?? ap??e?? t??, ? S????e?s? e??????e t? te???? ?e?µe?? t?? ???t? st?? 2 ??t?ß???? 2000. ? ?t?p? s???d?? ????f?? t?? ?p?a??t? t? e??????e st?? 13 ??t?ß????. St?? 7 ?e?eµß???? 2000, t? ????pa??? S?µß????? t?? ???a?a? p???ß? st?? pa???????? d?a?????? t?? ?e?µ???? a?t??.

?? apa?t?se?? t?? ????pa???? ?????ß??????

?at? t? ???µ? p????? pa?at???t??, ? a?t?p??s?pe?a t?? ????pa???? ?????ß?????? d?ad?aµ?t?se ep????d?µ?t??? ?a? ap?fas?st??? ???? st? S????e?s?, ???? p?? st????e st? ???? t?? ep?d???e?? t??. G?a t??? ß???e?t??, ?? ?p???? e??a? ta??e? µa???? ?p?? t?? s??ta??? e??? ???t?, ?p?epe ?a d??e? ??a p?? ?e?? ??µ??? ?a? ????? ?eµ???? st? d?ad??as?a e???pa???? ????????s??. ? a????t? ?a? d?afa??? µ???d?? t?? S????e?s?? ap?te???se e?a???? ep???µ?a t?? ????pa???? ?????ß??????. ? ta??t?ta ?a? t? a?s?? p??a? t?? e??as??? ?ta? ep?t???a ?at? t??? ß???e?t??, ??a t??? ?p????? t? s??ta???? ?e?µe?? d???ete ?d? eµfa?? ??µ?µ?t?ta. ????ste, ? µ???d?? a?t? ?a ???s?µ?p????e? ?a? t? 2002-2003 ??a t?? e?p???s? s?ed??? S??t??µat??.

??t??eta, ?? ß???e?t?? ?µe??a? ????te?? ??a??p???µ???? ap? t?? t??? p?? epef??a?a? st? ?e?µe?? ?? a?????? ??at?? ?a? ??ße???se??. ?? ß???e?t?? ??e?a? ?a e?s?µat??e? ? ???t?? st? S?????? t?? ???a?a? ?a? ?a ??e? ??µ???? desµe?t??? ?s?? ??a ta ???t? µ???. "???e ???? ??s?, ap??? d???t???? ?a?a?t??a, ?a ap?d???µ??e t?? e????a t?? ???s??", e??e pe? ? ???ed??? t?? ?? ?. Nicole Fontaine. Ost?s?, t? ????pa??? S?µß????? t?? ???a?a? de? µp??ese ?a p??????se? p??a ap? µ?a "pa???????? d?a??????" ?a? ? ???t?? p??sa?t????e ap??? st? ??a s??????, ????? desµe?t??? ?s??. ?p???e?t? ??a µ?a "µ?s? ap?t???a" ? "µ?s? ep?t???a", a?????a µe t? p?? t? ß??pe? ?a?e??. ?e? ?ta? ?µ?? a?t? t? t???? t?? ?st???a?.

?? e???pa??? ??????te? ??????a a?t???f???a? t? ?aµ??? e??a???a ?a? t?? a?ep???e?e? t?? S??????? t?? ???a?a?, ??? µ??? se ?,t? af??? t? ???t? a??? ?a? t? µeta????µ?s? t?? ?esµ??, ?? ?p???? ?p?epe ?a p??sa?µ?s???? st? d?e???µ??? s??t?µa ???s?. ?? ??t?µa t?? e?s?µ?t?s?? t?? ???t? st? S?????? ?a? t?? ??µ???? t?? ?p?stas?? pa?ap?µf???e st?? p??se?? ??a??ße???t??? ???s?e??, ? ?p??a de? ?a a????se ?a? t?? ?p??a, ??a p??t? f???, ?a p??et??µa?e µ?a ??a a????t? S????e?s? ?a? ??? µ?a d?p??µat??? d??s?e?? ?e??e?sµ???? t?? ?????. S?µf??a ?a? µe t?? ep???µ?e? t?? ??, ? ??a a?t? S????e?s? ????????se t?? ?????? t?? 2003 ??a p???e? s??d?? S??t??µat??, t? ?p??? e??????????e? ??a ta p???p?????ta ?e?µe?a, p??te??e? t?? e?s?µ?t?s? t?? ???t? st? S??ta?µa µe µe????? p??sa?µ????, ?a? t?? p??sd?de? desµe?t??? ??µ??? ?s??.

? ???? t?? ????p??

Se ??? ?ef??a?a, p?? apa???µ???ta? p?? ??t?, ?a? pe???ta ????a, ? ???t?? t?? ?e?eµß???? 2000 ?ata???fe? t?? a??e? ?a? ta d??a??µata p?? µp????? ?a d?e?d???s??? ?? e???pa??? p???te?. ????e?ta?, t??p?? t???, ??a t?? "????" t?? e???pa???? ????d?µ?s??.

????p??pe?a. "? a????p??? a???p??pe?a e??a? apa?aß?ast?. ???pe? ?a e??a? seßast? ?a? ?a p??state?eta?". ??t? e??a? t? p??t? ????? t?? ???t?, t? ?p??? st? s????e?a a?a??????e? t? d??a??µa st? ??? ?a? apa???e?e? t?? p???? t?? ?a??t??, t? d???e?a ? t?? eµp???a t?? a????p???? ??t??. ?? d??a??µa st? s?µat??? ?a? d?a???t??? a?e?a??t?ta s???de?eta? ap? ??e? d?at??e??, ?? ?p??e? ?at?st?sa? apa?a?t?te? ???? t?? e??????? t?? ?at????? ?a? t?? ß??????a?, ?d??? de t?? apa???e?s? t?? e???????? ?a? t?? a?apa?a??????? ?????p???s?? t?? a????p???? ??t??.

??e??e??e?. St?? ??as???? e?e??e??e? (e?e??e??a s?????, ???s?e?a?, ??f?as??, e?e??e??a t?? s??eta????es?a?, ?.?p.) ?a? st? seßasµ? t?? ?d??t???? ????, p??st??e?ta? ? p??stas?a t?? ded?µ???? p??s?p???? ?a?a?t??a, ? p???f???a t?? µ?s?? e??µ???s??, t? d??a??µa p??? e??as?a (p?? de? s?µa??e? ?st?s? ?a? d??a??µa ??a apas????s?). ?a ????????? d??a??µata s???st??sa? µ?a s?µa?t??? ?a???t?µ?a p?? s???t????e p??? ?a? ? ?p??a ?at????e s???? se d?at?p?se?? s?µß?ßasµ??, p???e?µ???? ?a d?at????e? ? te???? s??a??es? ep? t?? ?e?µ????.

?s?t?ta. ???? ?? ?????p?? e??a? ?s?? ??a?t? t?? ??µ??". ?ts? a????e? t? ?ef??a?? ??a t?? ?s?t?ta, t? ?p???, ??a p??t? f??? se ??a s??????? ?e?µe?? ??a ta a????p??a d??a??µata, pe???aµß??e? µ?a se??? ap? ????????? d??a??µata ?a? ?esp??e? t? ?e???? a??? apa???e?s?? t?? d?a???se??. ?? ?ef??a?? a?t? d?a????tte?, e?d???te?a, t?? ?s?t?ta µeta?? a?d??? ?a? ???a???? se ????? t??? t?µe??. ???e? ep?s?? µe???? ?µfas? sta d??a??µata t?? pa?d???, t?? ??????µ???? ?a? t?? at?µ?? µe a?ap???e?.

?????e????. ???a? ? p??t? f??? p?? ?at??????eta? ??µ??? ? ?????a t?? a????e?????. ?? ?ef??a?? a?t? a?a??????e? t? d??a??µa t?? e??a??µ???? st?? e??µ???s? ?a? t? d?aß???e?s? st? p?a?s?? t?? ep??e???s??, t? d??a??µa d?ap?a?µ?te?s?? ?a? s????????? d??se?? (s?µpe???aµßa??µ???? t?? ape???a?), t? d??a??µa p??sßas?? st?? ?p??es?e? e???se?? e??as?a?, t?? p??stas?a se pe??pt?s? ap???s??, t? d??a??µa se d??a?e? ?a? p??sf??e? s?????e? e??as?a?, t? d??a??µa p??sßas?? st?? pa????? ?????????? asf???s?? ?a? st?? ?p??es?e? ?e????? ??????µ???? e?d?af????t??, t?? p??stas?a t?? pe??ß?????t?? ?a? t?? ?ata?a??t??. ?????? pt???? t?? ?a???t?µ?? a?t?? ?efa?a??? s???t????a? ??t??a, µ?a ?a? ???sµ??a ???t? µ??? ??e?a? ?a ap?f????? t?? pa??µßas? t?? d?a????tt?µe??? a?t?? d??a??µ?t?? se e???pa??? ep?ped? sta d??? t??? e????? ????????? s?st?µata. Se a?t? ?fe??eta? ? e???te aµf?s?µ? d?at?p?s? ???sµ???? ?????? ?a? ? p??s????, st? t???? t?? ???t?, d?at??e?? p?? pe????????? t?? ?p???e?se?? t?? ??at?? µ??? st?? pe??pt?se?? p?? af????? t? µetaf??? d?at??e?? p?? ap?fas?s???a? se ?????t??? ep?ped?, d?at??e?? ?? ?p??e? s???? ?p??e??ta? se ?µ?f???a.

??a???e?a. ?????? d?at??e?? t?? ?efa?a??? a?t?? ?p???a? ?d? st? S?????? t?? ??ast???t, ?p?? t? d??a??µa t?? e????e?? ?a? t?? e????es?a? st?? d?µ?t???? ?a? e???pa???? e?????? ? t? d??a??µa d?p??µat???? ?a? p???e????? p??stas?a?. ???st??e?ta? ?????? t? d??a??µa "???st?? d?????s??" ?a? t? d??a??µa p??sßas?? sta ????afa.

???a??s???. St? ?ef??a?? a?t? pe??????ta? ?????? t? d??a??µa p??sf???? se aµe????pt? d??ast???? ?a? t? d??a??µa st? te?µ???? a???t?ta?.

?ed?? efa?µ????. ? ???t?? ?????????eta? µe ??p??e? ?e????? d?at??e?? p?? ?a???????? t?? eµß??e?a ?a? t? ped?? efa?µ???? t??. ?? d?at??e?? a?t?? a?a?e??????a? ap? t? S????e?s? ??a t? µ????? t?? ????p??, p???e?µ???? ?a ?epe?aste? t? eµp?d?? p?? s??a?t????e st? ???a?a ?a? ?a ?ataste? d??at? ? e?s?µ?t?s? t?? ???t?, ?? ??e?, st? µe????t??? S??ta?µat??? S??????. ?a d??a??µata ?a? ?? a???? a?t?? efa?µ????ta? sta ?esµ??? ?a? ???p? ???a?a t?? ???s??, ??a ???e ??µ??et??? µ?t?? p?? s??t?ss???, ?a? sta ???t? µ???. ?ta? ??t??? se efa?µ??? t? d??a?? t?? ???s??.

?e? p???e?ta? se ?aµ?a pe??pt?s? ??a t?? a???s? t?? e???s??? t?? ???s?? ??te ??a t?? t??p?p???s? t?? es?te????? s??ta?µat???? t???? t?? ??at?? µe???, a??? ??a t?? ?p?ß??? t??? st? seßasµ? t?? ?eµe???d?? a?t?? d??a??µ?t?? ?a? a???? ?at? t?? ?s??s? t?? ?????? p???t????. ?a d??a??µata ?a? t?? a???? a?t?? ?a t?? µ???????ta? p???? s?ed?? µ?s? d?se?at?µµ???? e???pa??? p???te?.



  
??s???t??:
  
??p???s? e??? ???t? t?? Teµe???d?? ???a??µ?t?? t?? ????pa???? ???s??: Andrew Nicholas Duff (ELDR, UK)
??p???s? e??? ???t? t?? Teµe???d?? ???a??µ?t?? t?? ????pa???? ???s??: Johannes Voggenhuber (Greens/EFA, A)
?????s? t?? s?ed??? ???t? t?? Teµe???d?? ???a??µ?t?? t?? ????pa???? ???s??: Andrew Nicholas Duff (ELDR, UK)
?????s? t?? s?ed??? ???t? t?? Teµe???d?? ???a??µ?t?? t?? ????pa???? ???s??: Johannes Voggenhuber (Greens/EFA, A)
? a?t??t?p?? t?? ???t? t?? Teµe???d?? ???a??µ?t?? t?? ????pa???? ???s?? ?a? ? µe????t??? t?? ??µ??? ?p?stas?: Andrew Nicholas Duff (ELDR, UK)
???t?? t?? Teµe???d?? ???a??µ?t?? t?? ????pa???? ???s?? (µ???? ?? t?? s?ed??? S??????? ??a t? ??sp?s? S??t??µat?? t?? ????p??)
  
?e????? p???e?? p?? d?µ?s?e????a? st?? ?p?s?µ? ?f?µe??da:
  
??p???s? e??? ???t? t?? Teµe???d?? ???a??µ?t?? t?? ????pa???? ???s?? - ?e?µe?? p?? e??????e t? ????pa??? ?????ß?????
?????s? t?? s?ed??? ???t? t?? Teµe???d?? ???a??µ?t?? t?? ????pa???? ???s?? - ?e?µe?? p?? e??????e t? ????pa??? ?????ß?????
? a?t??t?p?? t?? ???t? t?? Teµe???d?? ???a??µ?t?? t?? ????pa???? ???s?? ?a? ? µe????t??? t?? ??µ??? ?p?stas? - ?e?µe?? p?? e??????e t? ????pa??? ?????ß?????

 

 

 
  Publishing deadline: 2 April 2004